Allergic asthma is aa type of upper respiratory tract disease and is the most common form of asthma. And this form of the disease affects not only the adult, but also the children's population. Even ordinary asthma can occur in addition to allergies, which significantly aggravates the situation and makes the symptoms worse.
General characteristics of the disease
By itself, bronchial asthma manifests itself inthe appearance of asthma attacks that interfere with the ordinary way of life. Improvement occurs only with the regular use of medicines and constant supervision by specialists. Of course, the symptoms affect the form of the disease, timely treatment can significantly improve the patient's condition. Infectious-allergic or bronchial form of asthma begins to develop with the penetration of the allergen inside the respiratory tract. The immune defense of the body is quite sensitive to various foreign substances, therefore it causes the muscle tissues of the pathways to decrease dramatically. This phenomenon has its name - bronchospasm. At this point, the inflammatory process begins and the pathways are filled with thick mucus. This leads to the appearance of the most common and common symptoms: sneezing, lacrimation, a feeling of nasal congestion, possible small discharge from the nasal passages. There are several groups of allergens that cause unpleasant reactions. Non-infectious allergens are plant pollen, dust, fluff, various insects, food, chemicals in the atmosphere. To the same group can be attributed to medicines, when receiving which there are unpleasant symptoms. The most common cause of allergy is iodine-containing drugs, analgin, acetylsalicylic acid, antibiotics, novocaine, antiviral vaccines, antispasmodics, serums and other substances. To infectious allergens should include frequent chronic infections and inflammatory processes in the body. Asthma (allergic or bronchial) is often aggravated by a hereditary factor. As a rule, the risk of a child developing a disease increases by 40% if at least one parent has allergies and asthma. And by inheritance is transmitted not the very infectious-allergic bronchial asthma, but the vulnerability of the body and its immune defense to the appearance of allergic reactions of various types. It is advisable to carry out preventive measures and start treatment on time, if the first symptoms appear.
Main Risk Factors
To start the correct treatment, you needdetermine not only the symptoms of the disease, but also the form of asthma, its characteristics, the causes of the appearance and other factors. As a rule, the main risk factors are chronic diseases of the respiratory tract, infectious diseases, unfavorable environmental conditions, bad habits (in particular, smoking of tobacco products), the harmfulness of the profession, the prolonged use of certain types of medicines. And often the cause can be passive smoking. Allergy and asthma are closely related. It should be noted that the initial symptoms of different forms of the disease are quite different, but a more startled process develops according to a similar mechanism. Atopic asthma, the main catalyst is a certain allergen or a group of allergens. Single contact with such a substance causes a fairly strong allergic reaction. Repeated contact is further complicated by narrowing of the bronchi and difficulty breathing function. These are the most common and obvious symptoms, which require immediate selection of quality and effective treatment. Allergic asthma with further contact with the allergen manifests itself almost instantly, and outside the contact the human condition is stabilized. It is at the time of suffocation that special medicines are required (the main treatment for asthma), otherwise the attack can result in a fatal outcome. If you do not begin to treat asthma in a timely manner, which appears against the background of weakened immunity, the form of the disease becomes more severe, pathogenic changes in the respiratory organs often occur, the mechanism of work is disrupted, and a wide variety of infectious diseases join. Infectious-allergic form of asthma is typical for older people, therefore, it practically does not occur in children. Chronic infections lead to the fact that respiratory organs are sensitive to irritating factors. At the slightest contact, the bronchial function is impaired, which leads to a rather serious condition of the person. Only effective treatment facilitates the relief of symptoms and the gradual recovery of the body.
Effective treatment of bronchial asthma
To properly treat asthma, previouslyit is necessary to determine the group of allergens that cause the reaction data. As a rule, effective treatment consists in using medical methods that need to be combined with procedures for improving the body and increasing immune defenses. If there was an allergy on the background of bronchial asthma, then the first thing you need to remove these unpleasant consequences. To do this, use antihistamines, which do not have a sedative effect. To improve respiratory function, special nasal sprays are used to expand the pathways. Of course, the treatment is selected only by an experienced immunologist, who should carefully examine the patient, examine the nature of the disease, identify the main factors and characteristics of the organism. In no case should you take steroids or inhalers without a prescription, because some substances lead to an even sharper reaction of the body, which often leads to suffocation and death of the patient. People who are predisposed to such diseases, it is advisable to protect themselves from contact with sick people and possible allergens. This will prevent the occurrence of seizures and weight gain. Undoubtedly, the increase in immunity positively affects the course of the disease and the duration of treatment. Some clinics offer modern treatment, developed in several stages. At the first stage, the effect of the allergen is stopped, at the second stage, a complex treatment is performed, which leads to the formation of blocking antibodies in the body to increase the protective function. Asthma and allergy are related concepts. In the pocket of every person with diseases of the upper respiratory tract should be present specially selected medications, which may be needed at any time. This is due to the fact that it is impossible to constantly prevent contact with the allergen and lead a normal lifestyle.
If the causative agent, due to which comesallergy, is dust, it is advisable to carry out frequent wet cleaning in the room to eliminate the source of the reaction. Reaction to pollen of plants requires the exclusion of any indoor flowers in the house. The patient should open windows less frequently during the flowering period, avoid public places with an abundance of diverse plantings and plants, with the inhalation of aromas of which asthma appears. Allergies cause dramatic changes and negative consequences. Of course, effective treatment is possible only if all the requirements of the doctor are observed. But it is more reasonable to prevent the appearance of the disease, than in the future to select drugs to eliminate symptoms. The main emphasis should be made on improving immunity. To do this, a person should be in the open air, regularly exercise, eat well, take vitamin complexes during the period of vitamin deficiency (spring, autumn), and treat various diseases (infectious, cold) in time. At seasonal exacerbation (for example, during the flowering period of plants), which is accompanied by bronchial asthma with allergies, it is advisable to regularly ventilate the room, use air filters, conditioners, avoid prolonged stay with a source of allergy. As a rule, in the room you need to remove objects that accumulate dust. It can be carpets, soft toys. It is recommended to wash clothes and bed linen more often, using hypoallergenic detergents. Inside the room should adhere to a certain level of humidity. Too dry and too moist air is not suitable for allergic people. To optimize the climate, air conditioners, humidifiers, ionizers are installed, which remove harmful particles (dust, animal hair, pollen of plants) and enrich the air with useful substances. The living area must be kept clean. Especially it concerns a bathroom and a kitchen where, with high humidity and rare cleaning, mold appears, which causes quite severe allergic reactions and is very dangerous for the human body.