Increased sugar in pregnant women: the causes

During the period of bearing the child, the load increaseson the pancreas, which because of this, begins to actively produce glucose. Against this background, a woman with a predisposition to the disease can develop gestational diabetes mellitus - GDM - or, as it is also called - infertile diabetes.Elevated sugar during pregnancy is the norm of sugarElevated sugar during pregnancy can be controlled independently. Photo: Getty The risk of developing diabetes is increased in women:

  • with hereditary predisposition;
  • with the first pregnancy after 30 years;
  • with excess weight;
  • with polycystic ovary syndrome;
  • who had gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy.

Gestational diabetes occurs in 2-3% of pregnant women. But in some cases, a woman falls ill earlier, and pregnancy becomes a kind of catalyst for the disease.

What to do if sugar is elevated during pregnancy

If there is a gestational diabetes womanyou should try to maintain the sugar level yourself. The attending physician will prescribe a special diet, diet and physical activity. Among the main recommendations:

  • introduction of fractional nutrition;
  • Exclusion from the diet of simple carbohydrates;
  • reduction in the diet of complex carbohydrates;
  • moderate physical activity;
  • measuring the sugar level using a meter after an hour after eating 4-5 times a day.

With the help of a doctor, you also need to calculate the daily calorie intake rate and adhere to this scheme.

If the sugar values ​​did not return to normal

If after compliance with all the rules, the sugar rate inblood during pregnancy - 3,3 - 6,6 mmol / l. - has not recovered, the doctor appoints a woman to take insulin. This substance is safe for the mother and fetus, but taking it, you must strictly adhere to the recommendations of medics. It is not necessary to run to a tablets against diabetes for a pregnant woman. In view of the fact that because of the increased glucose content in the mother's body, the fetus can develop large, women with gestational diabetes more often need to do ultrasound to predict the need for a cesarean. At delivery, insulin administration can also be administered intravenously. Although the majority of women after birth give blood sugar levels back to normal, it does not stop periodically monitoring its level.