All lovers of indoor floriculture in that orare subject to the influence of fashion. It was fashionable to decorate the sills with blooming geraniums, so almost every house had this symbol of home comfort. The fashion for exotic orchids came, and almost all the growers began to grow them. And as soon as it became fashionable to keep the house a magnificent zamiokulkas, so immediately there was a demand for it. And demand, as you know, gives rise to a proposal. Therefore, today you can buy this wonderful houseplant in many flower shops. And it's very easy to take care of him. It often happens that even the right care does not save the newly acquired zamiokulkas from death. At home, the flower begins to ache, its plush green fades, and the leaves wither. Why is this happening? What kind of care is required for this unpretentious flower? How often should it be watered and fed? What are the mistakes made by beginning florists? Let's try to figure it out.
The most important thing is the proper care of the flowerimmediately after the bidding successfully. You, of course, know that all greenhouse flowers grown for sale are treated with stimulants and are kept in special conditions. Yes, and the soil in the pot with the purchased plant is not suitable for his constant cultivation. Therefore zmiokulkas after purchase it is necessary to transplant. Only first it is necessary to give the plant the ability to adapt at home. The period of adaptation to the new situation lasts about three weeks. After this time, the plant is transplanted into a permanent pot. It is best for this flower to choose a clay or plastic pot. It should not be very deep, but wide enough - it will be difficult to extract a flower from a narrow high flowerpot during another transplant. It is also necessary to prepare claydite drainage, which is made of clay and has a high hygroscopicity. It can also be purchased in a flower shop. Drainage is laid on the bottom of the pot and covered with a layer of sand about a quarter of the volume of dishes. Above the sand is poured a layer of soil mixture (any universal, but loose soil will do). Then the zamiokulkas are removed from the old utensils together with the earthen lump, placed in a new pot and covered with a soil of emptiness between the earthen lump and the pot walls. New soil is compacted and moistened. After transplanting, zamiokulkas needs normal care.
Zamiokulkas is considered to be veryAn unpretentious plant that perfectly feels at home. He easily experiences a forced drought, does not react painfully to temperature changes, is not afraid of direct sunlight and easily tolerates shading. There is no need for spraying this plant. However, it is not necessary to expose the plant to stresses - care should be literate, and a place for placing the flower is comfortable. The best place for zamiokulkasa will be the windowsills of the southern windows. However, on the other windows he will feel quite comfortable. Only the flower growing on the northern window sill needs a more moderate watering, and its foliage will be a bit shallower. In summer, this flower feels great outdoors. Therefore, in the warm season, it can be carried out on a balcony, veranda or garden. Watering zmiokulkas is necessary as the soil dries up. It is important to remember that this plant tolerates a lack of moisture much more easily than excessive watering and stagnation of water in the pan. This fact is explained by the tuberous form of zamyoculcus roots, which are able to accumulate moisture for future use. But too frequent and abundant watering can lead to decay of the roots. Therefore, the flower should be watered moderately, but regularly. And watering in the summer should be more frequent than in the cold season. In winter, zamiokulkas generally recommend watering very rarely. In sprinkling, zamiokulkas, as we have already said, does not need. However, this procedure will not be superfluous for him. So you can occasionally moisten the leaves and the air around the flower. Given that the leaves of this plant are large enough, they must be periodically wiped from dust. And further. Do not spray the plant if it receives direct sunlight - the effect of the lens will cause burns of the leaves. Feed zamiokulkas complex fertilizers for domestic plants, calculating the dose and frequency of feeding in accordance with the instructions to the drug. Suitable zamiokulkasu and fertilizers, intended for cacti and succulents. Fertilize the flower only in the period of growth, beginning from the middle of spring and until the beginning of autumn. In the period of rest, it is not recommended to feed him.
Reproduction of zamiokulkasa home conditionsit is quite feasible, although it is considered a difficult occupation. Reproduction of this flower can be carried out in several ways: cuttings, dividing the rhizome or leaf. It is most convenient to divide the bush during the next transplant. True, you need to be prepared for the fact that zmiokulkas will react painfully to this procedure. So, if you decide to share a bush, then during the transplant you need to cleanse the roots of the soil as much as possible and try to separate them by hand. If this does not work, then the roots are cut with a sharp knife. You can also divide the tuber itself, cutting it into several parts, each of which must necessarily retain a peephole - the point of growth of new shoots. Places of sections must be dried and sprinkled with crushed coal. Each new part is transplanted into a separate pot, whose diameter should slightly exceed the size of the nodule. Watering and basic care is recommended with this method of reproduction as usual, as for an adult plant. Only here to fertilize the divided zamiokulkas first time does not follow. Reproduction by cuttings and leaves is considered a more gentle way and is more often used at home. Cut off cuttings or leaves root in soil mixtures from equal parts of sand and peat. They are simply gently stuck into the soil, slightly compact the soil and cover with a glass or plastic (transparent!) Capacity. It remains only to periodically water the seedlings and wait for the appearance of new shoots. True, you will have to wait a long time. Zamiokulkas refers to very slowly growing indoor flowers, so the rooting of cuttings and leaves takes a long time. It is possible that you will have to wait several months, or even a whole year.
In general, zamiokulkas unpretentious. And although he can not be called a capricious green pupil, he can react painfully to wrong care. The main danger is an excess of moisture. Too frequent and abundant watering will provoke decay of roots and death of a plant. Therefore, the main condition for watering - it is better to undercharge than to pour. He does not like zamiokulkas and sudden changes in temperature, as well as strong drafts. Of course, the plant will not die from this, but it will lose its decorative effect - dark spots may appear on the leaves. With a lack of light, the shoots of the zamioculcus stretch out and become thin. Long exposure of the flower under direct sunlight can cause burns on the leaves. And in heavy clay soil, the flower can stop and completely stop growing. In a word, try to properly take care of your green pet, maintain conditions that are comfortable for this plant (warmth and bright diffuse light) and provide it with timely moderate watering. From time to time, spray the flower and wipe the leaves from the dust, and during the growth period, fertilize it. This will be enough to make the zamiokulkas feel good at home and rejoice with his magnificent greenery. Good luck! We advise you to read: