Ficus is a refined plant, fastidious andsometimes capricious, requiring care, attention and knowledge of floriculture. If the ficus leaves fall, you need to sound the alarm. The flower gives you signals that it is not all satisfied with its content. But everything is fixable. In this article we will tell you why this can happen and what you should do to make the plant recover. The first ficus, from which the acquaintance of Europe began with representatives of this plant species, is fig. Another name for Ficus carica is a fig tree or fig. Now everyone already knows the taste of the fruits of this stately native of Asia Minor. But for home content preference is given to other types of ficuses - they are much more modest in size and can not bear fruit.
Ficuses - different and beautiful
Nature has created about eight hundred species of ficus. Among them there are trees, and lianas, and shrubs. Evergreen ficus came to us from India and neighboring countries. Not so long ago on sale there was only one kind of plant - ficus rubber. Its most common subspecies are robusta and variegata. Ficus Black Prince and Robusta have similarities, only the first has a darker color of leaves. Ficus doescheri and schrijvereana have a very unusual pattern on their leaves. A figurative lyrate (violin) like to decorate offices. Ficus benjamina L. is a real favorite for breeders. They excrete plant species with unusual forms of leaves. The ability of the Bengal ficus (or banyan) to form air roots helps the plant to survive with the help of trees. This is only a small part of the plant species that can be kept at home. Even if you decide to stay on only one of them, you need to be aware of why the plant can begin leaf fall. It will immediately spoil the appearance of your pet. There are some things that you do not advise categorically in relation to the plant, this will immediately lead to negative consequences. But let's look at the order why the leaves may fall:
- The natural process
Know that the life cycle of leaf ficusa hasduration from one to three years. Natural aging is an inevitable process, as a result of which the leaves of the plant turn yellow and begin to die. However, they should not do this massively, as a rule, this happens with the lower leaves of the flower.
- Stress is bad for health.
This applies not only to people, but also to plants. Ficus is a true conservative. He absolutely does not tolerate change. When the ficus appears in your house, immediately determine its permanent residence and do not disturb the plant with frequent movements. An exception can be made when the summer comes and you can take the ficus to fresh outdoor air. Another stressful moment for the ficus is his transplant. For any plant this is not the most pleasant moment, because in natural habitats, representatives of the flora are spared from it. In a domestic environment, such a measure is forced, because the plant increases in size, and the soil itself eventually loses its nutritional properties and needs to be updated. Transplantation of a ficus is a process that has its own rules and cunning, of which many have no idea what affects the flower state in the best way.
- Lack of light
Ficuses love good lighting. Lack of light is a very real explanation of why the flower leaves first turned yellow, and then completely disappeared. Make sure that the flower does not experience a lack of lighting, if necessary, fill the plant with its shortage. Consider that the natural habitat of a flower is tropical warm sunny places. In the tropics the plant receives plenty of sunlight, but it is not under their direct influence. Skvoznyaki, lowering the temperature and jumping humidity - that's what causes significant harm to this magnificent plant.
Pests that settled on the plant are anothercause of falling leaves. Sick plant, as a rule, starts to discard the leaves. Therefore, do not be lazy to periodically inspect your pet, in time to identify the attack of harmful organisms and take measures to destroy them. On sale there are enough funds that will help restore the plant health. The main thing is to detect the attack of pests in time, while it did not cause significant damage to the internal and external state of the flower.
The enemy is not slumbering!
Ficus most often from the wrongcare. True, it happens that you became the owner of an already diseased plant by buying it in the store, if you failed to identify the pest damage at the plant at the place of purchase. Shields, spider mite and mealybugs - that's who can cause your plant serious, and in some cases irreparable harm. Symptoms of affection with the scutellum are the following: the plants lose their color saturation, and then their dropping begins. The Shield deprives the plant of nutrients and vitality, feeding on its juices. What does an insect look like? Adult individuals resemble plaques of black color, younger insects have light, flesh color. If the damage to the plant occurred not too long ago, then you can remove them with a cloth moistened with soapy water. If the disease is already neglected, then you will have to use Actellik as a therapeutic drug. Do not forget about the observance of safety measures - the preparation is toxic, and also correctly observe the proportions when making a solution. A liter of water will be enough to add 15 - 20 drops. On the leaves hung thin whitish thread? Ficus was attacked by a spider mite. Your actions should be as follows: Urgently increase the humidity in the room and regularly bathe the flower in water at room temperature. It's hard to think that you miss such an obvious sign of the disease as a spider web, but if that still took place, then Aktellik will come to your aid again. Dry air can provoke the appearance of a fig and a mealybug. Mostly, older plants can suffer from this. Minor areas of pests can be tried to neutralize with alcohol solution, gently wiping with a cloth moistened with cotton wool or cotton wool. If this does not have an effect, then you have to use Carbophos. The proportions of dilution of the solution are: 15 to 40 g of a carbofosic emulsion are diluted in liter of water. Those who are afraid to keep so poisonous preparations in the house (when there are small children in the house, it is quite understandable), can use the national methods of pest control. In the fight with a shield, ordinary soap and garlic will help you. Mix soap, spice and water in a ratio of 1: 1: 3 and you can start processing the ficus. After 24 hours, it must be thoroughly rinsed to remove the remnants of the solution. Repeat the treatment required every 3-5 days, until the final cure of the flower from the pest. The recipe for a mixture to combat spider mite and mealybugs is also not too complicated. In a small amount of hot water add 5 tablespoons of detergent, then 5 tablespoons of diesel oil or engine oil. The resulting mixture is diluted in a bucket of cold water. Now you can start treating the plant, carefully processing its leaves and stems. The remaining mixture not used up to the end can not be poured out, it has a long shelf life. Although we very much hope that your pet will no longer suffer from pests and he will never fall leaves!