Loggia is a very interesting space for ourat home. For some reason, for its intended purpose (an outdoor recreation area), we rarely use it and either turn it into a waste junk store (which we do not want to throw away), or try to use the area of a balcony or balcony with the maximum benefit: glazed, insulated and ennobled. Now, when winter frosty frosts are just around the corner, it's time to get busy preparing for the cold. And an important component of such training should be the warming of the loggia. Because, having warmed it, we will save heat in our house, and we will prepare a place for storing summer stocks. And in general, what without the need to disappear this useful area? Let's not go into extremes and talk about how, by removing the balcony block, turn the loggia into a part of the living room. Although many dare to this step, and the insulation of the loggia is one of the stages of the implementation of similar projects. Let's leave these Napoleonic plans for better times and consider how to warm the loggia so that even in severe frosts the temperature on it does not fall below zero gadusov.
General rules of warming
Getting warming the loggia is necessary in sufficientdegree to own information about the order of work and the range of materials necessary for this. This is necessary in the case of independent work, and for the so-called "quality control", and to save money. Such information can be obtained either from literature on repair and construction, or from the Internet (the experience of acquaintances and relatives should also not be discounted). For warming, you can invite professionals, and you can implement it on their own. Note that this work is not so difficult to be able to only men. Other ladies in this business will give odds not only to the strong sex, but also to the construction specialists. Begin the warming of the loggia only after it is fully glazed. Otherwise, the insulation work will complicate the process of installing the window frames. After the installation of double-glazed windows (better than metal-plastic), you can proceed to the insulation of walls, floor and ceiling. When the loggia is insulated, the work is carried out not only on internal structures, but also on the facade and the parapet of the loggia. In addition to insulation materials, it is also necessary to use waterproofing. After the heat and waterproofing works, you should give an aesthetic appearance to your renovated loggia, using the usual finishing materials.
The scheme of warming
The scheme of work on warming the loggia is simple. When you start this process on your own, split it into several stages. The first stage, glazing, let's skip, since you yourself are unlikely to cope with this. At the stage of calculating the thickness of the heater, too, we will not go into detail. But here's an order for the insulation of the floor:
- First of all, it is necessary to fill all the through holes and slots with foam; after the foam dries, the floor and the lower part of the walls must be waterproofed (better lubricating);
- Next, the floor should be leveled using special cement-sand mixtures (this is not difficult, so the mixtures are self-leveling); if the floor needs to be raised, it is built up with a layer of expanded clay.
- then the floor is laid out with rigid plates (for example, from expanded polystyrene), and joints are glued with a vapor barrier tape (this will prevent the formation of mold and fungus);
- The last layer is light polymer concrete and reinforced wire mesh.
After the insulation of the floor comes the turn of the walls and ceiling insulation (this is much simpler):
- First, rigid plates of expanded polystyrene are glued on the walls, and moisture resistant gypsum boards are on top;
- the ceiling is insulated in exactly the same way, and in addition to gypsum board you can also use a suspended ceiling, under which it is convenient to hide all electrical wiring.
In addition to this scheme, you can also insulate the loggia withusing a wooden crate, under which are placed heat insulation materials. But given the small size of the loggias, it is worthwhile to dwell on the first option, which will save precious centimeters of its space.
Materials for insulation
For the insulation of the loggia the materials are used mostdifferent. It can be mats made of mineral wool (of different thickness and softness), expanded polystyrene, insulation made of foamed materials. The choice of insulation depends on the size of the room, technology and finance. In addition to thermal insulation materials, steam and waterproof coatings and lubricants are required. Lubricating waterproofing is used for floor heating. The film shelter for the walls is attached to the crate. And from above is installed wall decoration material. As a finishing material of the interior of the loggia, you can use a lining, plastic wall panels, laminate, linoleum and carpet. Finishing of the outer part of the parapet also additionally insulates the loggia. It uses plastic siding or panels. If wooden parts are used for finishing and warming the loggias, then they must be treated with an antiseptic (for protection from decay and fungus). The most famous of them is drying oil. It, like other antiseptics can easily be found in any construction stores.
Unwanted result of warming
Since the insulation of the loggia is made bythe inner side of the wall, the main side effect of the work may be the effect of a "crying wall". The wall begins to become wet when condensation accumulates between it and the layer of thermal insulation. The reason for its appearance is the warm air of the room, which collides with the cold wall of the house. The presence of moisture under thermal insulation can cause mold mold. Therefore, before you warm the loggia, stock up all the necessary materials, not excluding the vapor barrier. If everything is done according to the rules, the result will please you only. So the warming of the loggia will be very useful on the eve of the winter cold, and you will not regret about the money spent, nor about the spent forces. Warmth and comfort in your house are worth it!