Do you remember cartoons about Mowgli and Tarzan? What kind of jungle were there, braided by flexible lianas, climbing tree trunks and snaking on the ground? That's the same properties - scramble, braid, climb up and creep in the sides - and have a perennial vines for the garden. A sort of kind of greetings from the jungle. Of course, cultivated and ennobled vines in our gardens do not much resemble the wild inhabitants of the rainforest, but all the same. Still, they are similar to them in that they also need to lean on something, lean on something and cling to something. And it is this property of lianas that is indispensable in landscape design. With their help, it is possible to make the garden particularly beautiful, decorating unpresentable walls and fences, as well as any vertical, above-ground and near-earth space. What are the vines for the garden, and what exactly to choose for your heavenly corner? Let's figure it out.
Botanical features of lianas
Lianas are plants that have lobatetrunks and branches. They can not grow up independently and need support (that's such a "parasitic" way of existence!). Support for vines are other plants (trees and shrubs), rocks and stones, walls of houses, fences. And in the garden design for lianas use special decorative supports: trellises, pergolas, arches. In order to stay on the support of the creepers use various (sometimes very cunning) adaptations. Some of them, not particularly philosophizing, simply curl around the support, others lie on it with long, flexible branches. There are also those who, like, for example, wisteria, twist the support only with the tip. Other lianas cling to something special shoots-antennae (grapes), the third use for this purpose rootlets-suckers (kampsis, ivy). But regardless of the "method of attachment", all perennial vines can be divided into two main botanical species: woody and grassy. The first grow like trees, each season resuming growth upwards and retaining already overgrown stems and branches. Grassy lianas for wintering retain only the root, and their aerial part every autumn dies. In spring, these lianas (like many perennial flowers) release new shoots from the root with decorative leaves or beautiful flowers. By the way, depending on what it is (flowers or leaves), this or that plant is attractive, the lianas can be divided into two larger groups.
Of course, almost all (or almost all) plantsbloom! Only some flowers are large, bright, catchy, while others have small and unattractive flowers. But these "other", as a rule, have simply luxurious foliage, for which they are appreciated in garden design. Among the famous decorative deciduous lianas is a maiden grapes. Many gardeners do not particularly respect this unpretentious vine, but in vain. Firstly, the plant is exceptionally frost-resistant. Secondly, girlish grapes grow very quickly. Thirdly, it absolutely painlessly tolerates pruning, which makes it easy to control its growth and improve in topiary art. In addition, girlish virgin grapes are densely leafy and allow creating almost "impenetrable" green walls and protects well from the sun. And in the autumn this liana is so smart and crocheted that it will successfully replace any autumn flowers. Ivy grows "slowly but surely". Its curly greenery will be an excellent cover for the most shady corners of the garden. It can be used to decorate the near-trunk circles, squeeze on the Alpine hills and in the rose garden. In addition, ivy is perfect for vertical landscaping of the walls, given that it retains its green color in the winter. And in addition to this, neither brick, nor concrete, nor wood destroys. To conventionally ornamental lianas (still they blossom!) Include hops, actinidia, Chinese lemongrass, honeysuckle-honeysuckle. Honeysuckle blooms briefly, but it has unusual leaves and bright (but inedible) fruits. Lemongrass and Actinidia, in contrast, are often grown as fruit crops. But hops, of course, beautiful and pyshen. But once planting it in your garden, you can hardly get rid of it. The creeping roots of hops entangle the whole site, releasing more and more new shoots in all corners of the garden. So be careful when choosing such plants. They can turn out to be very aggressive, and like weeds, they will give you a lot of unnecessary troubles or even intractable problems. Be sure to find out what surprises or "dirty tricks" are capable of vines, with which you are going to decorate your garden, using them as green walls or roofs.
Lianas with beautiful flowers
Beautifully flowering creepers in the garden - it's just a findfor any landscape designer. With their help, you can transform absolutely any garden, turning it into a work of art. Covered with flowers, arches and pergolas will become the so-called "highlight" or perfectly complement the already formed architecture of the garden. They can be used both as soil cover plants, and for decorating buildings, and make separate bright elements of the landscape. "The most-most" of them are the climbing roses and clematis. They rightfully lead the list of beautifully flowering vines for the garden. No other plant (from a number of similar) can not compete with them for the beauty of flowers and the luxuriance of flowering. Therefore, it is about them - a little more. Climbing roses. Most varieties bloom only once a season, usually at the end of May and in June. But how they blossom! The plant is simply strewn with flowers - it's mind-blowingly beautiful! And the flowers on the climbing roses can be white, and red, and yellow, and pink all shades. Let for a short time, but your garden (or its part) is enveloped in a chic pink foam. The effect is simply stunning! No one can pass by without stopping and admiring your climbing rose. But if such short-term and abundant flowering seems to be inadequate, choose a sort of stumpy rose that can bloom all summer. Yes, yes, there are such. For example, a rose New Down. It is strong (up to three meters in height) plant with delicate pink, almost white flowers that emit a pleasant fragrance with apple notes. The foliage is dark green, dense and shallow, with a glossy sheen. It blossoms continuously, but lives long. In the British parks there are roses of this variety, which is more than one hundred years old! Clematis is another prince of your garden. It is believed that the plant is capricious and whimsical. This is partly true, but, tell me, who is not being arrogant from aristocrats? Given the extraordinary beauty of the clematis, some of his whims are completely forgivable. There are a lot of varieties of this liana, and they are divided into groups: Jacqueman, Lanuginosa, Florida, Viticella. Each of these groups can talk a lot and endlessly. Therefore, only note that this classification allows to group clematis in color and form and flowers, as well as in agrotechnics. Other beautifully flowering perennials are inferior to both roses and clematis, but they are no less decorative, and therefore no less popular with gardeners. Kampsis is a woody liana with openwork foliage and red or orange gramophone colors. Wisteria blooms with chic pink or purple tassels, but is suitable only for southern regions. Hydrangea winding will please you with flowering in July and August. Its inflorescences in the shape of umbrellas reach twenty centimeters in diameter. In the earlier periods (June, July), the calisthea blossoms - the grassy vine up to four meters in height. It blooms abundantly, with small (but very attractive) terry-colored white and pink flowers. Azarina is not a very high liana, blooming from the second half of summer to the first frosts. Many species of passionflower (known as the indoor liana) perfectly live in the open ground and are suitable for the garden. Her flowers are large and fragrant, similar to representatives of extraterrestrial flora. It is simply unrealistic to describe the diversity of perennial lianas. There are also unpretentious specimens among them, and there are others who will have to tinker with it. But you certainly can choose what will suit you and become a real decoration of your garden. Because the vines in the garden - it's not only beautiful, but often also useful! So be sure to settle on your site a sort of "hello from the jungle", and you will certainly be satisfied with the result. We advise you to read: