What do we know about the origins of vegetarianism and aboutWhat is it? Vegetarianism is a complete or partial abandonment of animal food. Followers of vegetarianism do not recognize food as any meat, including fish and poultry. Nowadays this current is becoming more and more popular. Vegetarian diet people adhere to and for aesthetic reasons, and for the sake of losing weight, and from the beliefs, and for treatment. And just in a fashion. Let us consider in more detail what exactly this method of nutrition really is and when it can bring benefits, and when - harm.
Types and benefits of vegetarianism
Vegetarianism has different types, the main are three areas:
Vegetarians call themselves and those who havetable there is no meat warm-blooded animals, but there are milk, eggs, fish and seafood. I must say that vegetarianism is not only a certain type of food. This is also a certain way of life. Vegetarians, for the most part, do not smoke or drink alcohol and strong tea and coffee. Of course, there are a lot of advantages in this behavior. In particular, researchers argue that vegetarians:
- Better than the non-vegetarians, general health;
- Longer life expectancy;
- Less common are overweight, hypertension, ischemia, diabetes.
These are impressive factors that are kind ofwould be significant arguments in favor of vegetarianism. Especially for those who have long and unsuccessfully struggles with excess weight. However, opponents of vegetarianism argue that the exclusion of animal food from the diet is unacceptable. And that it hurts the human body rather than benefits. Is it so?
Is vegetarianism harmful?
Vegetarians are convinced that all the necessarythe human body has vitamins in plant foods. This is not true. Vegetable food in abundance supplies only vitamin C. It is impossible to fully supply the human body with the necessary complex of minerals. In particular, suppliers of vitamin B2 can only be milk, eggs, liver, kidneys, and tongue. Lack of this vitamin leads to damage to brain tissue, and this threatens serious trouble for those who eat only vegetable food. Vitamin B12 - an active participant in cell division - and generally can enter our body only through animal food: liver, kidneys, heart, milk, seafood, eggs. Vitamin D, which provides durability of bones and teeth, contains fish, fresh eggs, milk, butter, fish oil. But in plant foods, it is almost not there. Little in it and vitamin A - the one from which free radicals perish in the human body. But fish, liver, eggs and dairy products are rich. Those who adhere to strict vegetarianism, their diet is impoverished not only by vitamins, but also by various microelements. For example, in plant foods there is not enough iron, which is also badly absorbed from it. Deliver it to the human body mainly products of animal origin. Deficiency of iron provokes the development of anemia. It is poorly digested from plant foods and calcium. A little in vegetables, cereals, fruits of iodine and zinc. Does not supply vegetable food in the right quantities to humans and proteins. Do not come with her amino acids - that, from which these very proteins are split. Such are the cases. Probably, the opponents of vegetarianism are right. Right, but only partly. All the disadvantages of the vegetarian diet are mainly related to hard vegans. If you do not adhere to such a narrow diet, and observe lacto-ovo-vegetarianism, proteins of animal origin can be obtained with eggs, cottage cheese, milk. But only the fish and the bird can supply the iron to the human body. Selenium, supporting the tone of blood vessels, is found only in seafood. And the only supplier of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which strengthen immunity and oppose cancer, is fish. So it turns out that strict vegetarians, completely depriving themselves of animal food, are at great risk. But non-strict adherents of such food, if they correct the vegetarian diet, you can get almost everything you need with food. In a word, those who do not have meat on the table, but there is a bird, fish and milk, the refusal of animal food practically does not threaten anything. Thus, we can say that strict veganism is dangerous and categorically contraindicated for pregnant women and those who have at least some deviations in health. It is impossible to get in the right quantities of vitamins, trace elements and proteins, consuming only products of plant origin. To do this, they need to eat a lot, which is fraught with gastrointestinal upset. But how to be the one who, having excess weight, intends to sit on a vegetarian diet? Is it possible to move to it?
Vegetarianism and weight loss
Since our birth, our body regularlyneeds energy, which, as a rule, comes from the food we eat. It contains nutrients such as proteins, fats and carbohydrates. The energy contained in a particular food is measured in kilocalories or kilojoules. 1 kilocalorie (kcal) corresponds to approximately 4.2 kilojoules (kJ). Proteins in one gram contain about 4 kcal, 1 g of carbohydrates - also 4 kcal and 1 g of fat - 9 kcal. The amount of energy consumed depends on many factors: age, sex, weight and height of a person. Also important in calculating the right amount of energy (kilocalorie kilojoule) is the climate, hormonal balance and lifestyle. The body spends most of its energy on its main exchange reactions: cardiac activity, breathing, maintaining body temperature and metabolism, as well as physical activity: exercise and physical work. Therefore, it is so important in case of severe physical exertion of adequate nutrition. Insufficient energy consumption forces the body to access reserves. When the reserve is used up, weight loss occurs. Conversely, excessive energy consumption causes fat deposits. Thus, overweight arises, which, in turn, entails a number of different diseases. To avoid unpleasant consequences, each of us today has the opportunity to calculate the amount of calories needed per day. Probably, it is not a secret to anyone that people who lead an active lifestyle or engage in heavy physical labor need more energy than those who lead a sedentary lifestyle. If you calculate for yourself, how many kilocalories / kilojoules are required for you, and get them with food in the right quantities, there will not be problems with excess weight. Well, well, if a person does not go in for sports and does not have an active lifestyle, will the diet offered by vegetarians help maintain weight in the norm? I guess, yes. Only make it right. So, not to deprive the body of the elements necessary to it. Otherwise, losing weight can turn into a serious disease. I must say that it's even pleasant to sit on such a diet. Vegetarian dishes are prepared quickly, without much difficulty. They are tasty and varied, so the diet can be made boring and interesting. However, when going to sit on a vegetarian diet, remember - even sparing, it can go wrong if you used to be a big lover of meat. A new diet can provoke an imbalance in the body, so it is better to master it gradually. If you are going to lose a couple (or even more) of extra pounds, then remember the first main rule: "Do not overdo it!" In the famous novel of the American Robert P. Warren "All the royal army" one of the heroes admits that he can not stand thin women: they, like pasta in a pack, rattling and prickling. You do not want to turn into a withered prickle or earn a metabolic disorder, so try to observe the measure in everything. There are infinitely many ways to lose weight, most importantly, choose the one that is right for you. Turning your body into an experimental laboratory to check all the patented means of excess weight, choose one - and, following all the prescriptions, use it regularly. This is the second important rule: regularity in everything, whether it is using "magic" herbs and bandages, charging or dieting vegetarians. Of course, if you have obesity and you are seen with a doctor, then a diet for you is a fundamental change in the diet according to the appointment of a specialist. The doctor will tell you where to start. If you yourself want to lose 5-7 kg, then use "shock diets". Recipes for such diets you can easily find in numerous reference publications on the health of the body. An example of a "shock diet" can serve as a so-called fragmented diet. It is based on the principle of separate consumption of foods of different categories, which allows the body to better absorb food. On Monday, arrange a vegetable day, on Tuesday - meat, on Wednesday - egg, on Thursday - milk, on Friday - fish, on Saturday - fruit, on Sunday - eat whatever you want; and you will lose 5-7 kg in three weeks. Variants of "shock diets" are many. All of them, as a rule, are based either on reducing the calorie content of food, or on reducing the intake of liquid or fat and carbohydrates. Therefore, if you embark on a "shock diet" without consulting a doctor, then observe the third main rule: listen to the reaction of your body. Do not bring yourself to illness because of the desire to quickly get rid of excess weight. If you experience dizziness and lose your appetite, then, most likely, a "shock diet" is not for you. Refer to more reliable and less rapid ways. Live under the motto: "Do not get fat!" Lose weight slowly. The faster the body loses the extra pounds, the easier it recruits them. Do not reduce the number of meals, eat better often, but in small portions. When the body is hungry, it releases toxins. Less sweets, canned food, salt and alcohol (a glass of wine - it's already 100 calories)! Drink juices in the morning and do not overeat at night. The period of the highest activity of the digestive system is from 12 to 17 hours. From time to time arrange your body for "unloading" days. Fast 1-2 days once a month. And, most importantly, you can not do without physical education. Gentle vegetarianism and sports, in principle, are compatible. You can choose anything: aerobics or shaping, simulators or gymnastics on TV, yoga or dancing. But the most accessible is the usual morning (day, evening, as you like) gymnastics. Ten to fifteen minutes of exercise every day, and graceful forms are provided to you. Vary your gymnasium, fantasize, without forgetting about your goals. For example, one day dedicate the waist and the exercises that form it, another day - the abdominal muscles, the third - the muscles of the hips and so on. Ideally, of course, it would be nice to add a pool, massage, walking tours - in combination with proper nutrition it gives amazing results! Do not just say that your lifestyle does not allow you to do yourself. If you do not have ten minutes to charge for the day, then it's not the way of life that is to blame, but ordinary laziness!