Hives are called skin diseases,the cause of which is the allergic reaction of the organism to an irritant. It is generally accepted that most often these are certain foods from the main group of allergens, for example, citrus fruits, strawberries, eggs, seafood, chocolate, etc. But such factors as sunlight, exposure to heat or cold, exercise, contact with plants and animals, too may be the cause of the disease. The bulk of people suffering from urticaria are children, adults get sick quite rarely. Mostly it's women.
Symptoms of urticaria
Symptoms of urticaria have several manifestations. It can be a rash, flaking plaques and blisters. They are the most common symptom of the disease - they really look like a nettle burn: bright pink, with uneven edges, dense, very itchy and hot to the touch. Because of this, the rash is accompanied by an increase in temperature to 38 ° C. The peculiarity of hives is the sudden appearance of symptoms and the same disappearance, leaving no traces. Usually blisters appear throughout the body and limbs, less often - on the mucous membranes. This situation requires an immediate response, because due to swelling of the nasopharynx and larynx there is a threat of suffocation. Isolate acute and chronic varieties of hives. In the acute form of the disease, typical for young children and adolescents, the attack lasts several hours and is especially intense. In just a few minutes the child becomes blistered, he becomes restless or becomes listless, begins to be capricious. Against the background of a fever in children, there is a lack of appetite, headache, fever, or chills. The first time this can scare the parents of the child, tk. The process looks pretty awesome. However, after a couple of hours urticaria and all the symptoms disappear, so the doctor is rarely treated. If the mild eruptions appear regularly, remain for several days and are updated, this is an indication that the disease has taken a chronic form.
Causes of the disease
In adults, urticaria is very rareand, as a rule, in an acute form. It is accompanied by an increase in temperature to 39 ° C, a feeling of acute discomfort throughout the body and increased irritability. It is necessary to closely monitor the patient's condition, because symptoms of hives can lead to the development of such severe consequences as Quincke's edema or anaphylactic shock. When there is swelling of the face, neck and signs of suffocation, emergency medical care is needed. The development of the disease in adults is associated with abnormalities in the work of internal organs (liver, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract) and a decrease in the functions of the immune system. The cause of urticaria in children is often the periodic effect of allergy factors, both food series and physical properties. Do not also exclude the autoimmune nature of the disease. The appearance of symptoms, for example, is possible after taking too warm a bath, using familiar products, emotional outbursts or walking in nature. Specificity of external signs allows to determine urticaria with the first symptoms. To alleviate the condition and stop the attack, it is necessary to give the patient a mild antihistamine drug, for example, diazolinum, loratadine (for a child - 1 tablet, for an adult - 2), to take a cool shower. To remove from the body of food allergens recommended abundant drink, a laxative or cleansing enema. This is especially important in acute urticaria in order to avoid edema. To prevent the transition of the disease from acute to chronic, after the symptoms are eliminated, you must always consult a doctor. To establish the diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct skin tests, isolate blood antibodies and analyze the balance of hormones. Only by results of special procedures the allergist-immunologist will appoint treatment.
Treatment of urticaria
Is it possible to get rid of hives once andforever? It is unlikely that anyone will argue or deny this unequivocally. There is no doubt left: it is necessary to treat the disease! They treat urticaria by two main methods: medicamentous and so-called method of elimination. The essence of the method lies in the fact that certain foods are consistently taken out of the patient's diet, they stop contact with possible physical stimuli and observe the reaction of the organism. The detected factor-allergen is categorically excluded from use, after which the improvement occurs very quickly. The method is successfully used to treat children under the age of 6 years. Their living space is fully controlled by the elders, so disruptions in the treatment program are unlikely. Concomitant medications are usually immunomodulators (eg, prednisolone group) and light antihistamines to relieve symptoms. This method is used to treat both children and adults. The difference is that more intensive medication is performed in conjunction with the examination of internal organs and general recovery. Speed up the recovery of rejection of bad habits, an active lifestyle and avoid stressful situations. Many solve the problem of finding a provocateur product by conducting provocative tests. After 2-3 days of fasting, the presumed allergens are alternately introduced into the diet. This system is not applicable to children, and women can withstand it easily and quickly achieve results. The duration of treatment for urticaria depends on individual indicators. One child needs one course and strict elimination of the detected irritant factor, and someone regularly undergoes a preventive course for many years. Specialists in this regard unanimously declare that for the treatment and prevention of disease it is necessary to strengthen immunity and adhere to the diet regime for both children and parents.