Unfortunately, the human body is prone toa huge number of very different diseases, as completely trivial, for example a common cold, and serious enough, representing a real threat not only for human health, but also for his life, for example, tuberculosis. It is about tuberculosis that will be discussed in this article, as well as about the treatment of tuberculosis with folk remedies. Not only adults, but also children suffer from tuberculosis. Most often this disease occurs in older children, but also in infants the possibility of infection can not be completely excluded. Doctors - phthisiatricians, who, in fact, are engaged in the treatment of tuberculosis, have seen very small crumbs that have not reached the age of one year old, but are already infected. The causative agent of the disease is a stick of Koch, named after the scientist who discovered it. The disease, as a rule, proceeds wavyly - then calms down, then again escalating, for a sufficiently long time - from several months, provided that the disease was diagnosed in time and the sick child began receiving the necessary treatment, up to several years if the disease Do not treat properly. The disease provokes such complications of the course as chronic blepharitis, conjunctivitis and many others. When diagnosed, the doctor should not confuse tuberculosis with diseases that have similar symptoms, for example, with tonsillitis, sinusitis, pyelonephritis. For this, there are special diagnostic methods, which will be described in more detail later.
Symptoms of tuberculosis
An experienced doctor is able to suspect the presence ofchild tuberculosis even before the special examination, only on the basis of external signs and evaluation of the general state of health. Tuberculosis in children has the following symptoms:
- Increased fatigue
As a rule, healthy children resemblea kind of perpetual motion machine - their energy beats over the edge, the children are ready to run for hours, jumping and driving. However, with increased fatigue, the child behaves very differently: he avoids moving active games, at any convenient opportunity tries to sit down or lie down, explaining this desire with just one word "tired". Parents often do not only surprise, but also frighten.
- Increased irritability
With increased irritability, the childalmost unable to control their emotions, among which the prevalence of anger and irritation. A child can be indignant and angry with such trifling reasons, which he simply never even noticed before. - A broken cup, a commercial, a broken pencil - any trifle can cause a whole wave of indignation.
- Impairment of appetite
Strictly speaking, especially good appetite canboast only a few children. But, nevertheless, the poor appetite caused by any disease - in our case tuberculosis - is significantly different from the usual, typical for children, reluctance to eat. The child refuses literally everything, even from those foods that he always simply adored.
- Increased sweating
Physiological features of the sweat glandsthe child is such that the child does not practically sweat before reaching puberty. However, if the child is infected with tuberculosis, his sweat glands produce sweat in abundant amounts, which causes the child to sweat constantly - the mother notices that his clothes are always wet, especially in the back area, the palms of the crumb are also wet.
- Chronic lymphadenopathy
Another sign of having a persontuberculosis are constantly enlarged lymph nodes. Unlike lymphadenitis, the lymph nodes are soft, painless and have a loose consistency. You can feel them almost at any time.
- Subfebrile fever
A child may havepathological phenomenon, as subfebrile (not exceeding the mark in 37 and 5 degrees) temperature. The temperature, as a rule, rises in the evening hours, for a long time. By the way - there is no need to bring down such a temperature - it only indicates that the body continues to fight infection.
- Increase in some internal organs
For very young children under the age of ten, the disease with tuberculosis is characterized by an increase in some internal organs, in particular the liver and spleen.
- Change in blood composition
When conducting a laboratory blood testsome change in its normal indices is revealed - the ESR increases (the rate of erythrocyte sedimentation), which is a direct evidence of the presence of any inflammatory process in the human body, and the number of leukocytes (white blood cells, indicating the rapid functioning of the immune system) is increasing.
Diagnosis of the disease
In the event that the child shows up allor at least a few of the above symptoms, the doctor decides to conduct an additional specialized examination that will reliably determine the presence or absence of tuberculosis in the child. Diagnosis of tuberculosis in children in our time is reliable. After a preliminary examination of the child and determining his body condition, weight, physique and other aspects, the child is given a special Mantoux test. A special drug is injected into the inner region of the forearm with the help of injection, which is obtained from microbacteria of tuberculosis by means of special technology. After the neutralized agent of tuberculosis - tuberculin, enters the body, in the event that the child is infected with tuberculosis, comes into direct reaction with antibodies. At the injection site, a specific inflammatory reaction begins to form. Two days later - three days after the introduction of tuberculin, a seal is formed that has a bright pink color that is content to feel dense, but when pressed on it, it instantly loses its bright color. Evaluate the results of the Mantoux test on the third day, by measuring the compacted tubercle (papule) with a transparent ruler, with sufficient bright illumination, necessary to accurately determine the edges of the papule. Please note that the dimensions are not the redness itself, but the seals. The results of the evaluation of the Mantoux test are as follows:
- Negative reaction - no reaction at the site of injection is observed, or the size of the compaction does not exceed 1 millimeter.
- Doubtful reaction - for this type of reaction to the Mantoux test, only the redness of the skin is visualized at the injection site, or the papule size fluctuates within 2-4 millimeters.
- A positive reaction is a papula that exceeds 5 millimeters in size.
- Hyperergic reaction is a reaction in which the size of the papule exceeds 17 millimeters.
In addition to Mantoux's reaction to the suspicion ofa child with tuberculosis, the doctor will definitely give the child an X-ray examination of the lungs. In the event that the child is infected, the pattern of the lung structure changes significantly - it multiplies and becomes more pronounced, which the radiologist will definitely notice.
Who is to blame and what to do?
In the event that the conducted surveysshowed that the child is really infected with tuberculosis, treatment should be started urgently, as soon as possible. Parents should not waste precious time for panic and "debriefing", determining who is to blame for this disease. In fact, no one is to blame. Despite the fact that the 21st century is in the yard, and the level of medicine is at a staggeringly high level, every year a huge number of people develop tuberculosis. In society, it is considered that tuberculosis is a kind of social disease that affects only alcoholics, drug addicts and people who were in prison. However, this stereotype is completely erroneous and has no evidence of physicians, phthisiologists or grounds, confirmed by statistics or at least personal observations. Koch's wand does not look at any social strata and the level of material wealth, it affects equally often both prisoners and persons without a permanent residence, and well-known businessmen, scientists, politicians. Children's tuberculosis - it's your trouble, but not wine, and certainly not a shameful spot. None of the doctors will think anything bad about you. The task of doctors is to heal your child, and not to work on washing your bones. And to be afraid that someone from the third parties, besides you and the doctor, learns about disease of your child, too it is not necessary - after all there is such concept, as medical secret.
Onset of disease
Sometimes the disease is diagnosed at thethe initial stage, and sometimes - in a fairly neglected state. Of course, this aspect depends on many factors, including the care of parents and the competence of the attending physician - pediatrician. But it depends more on the form in which the tuberculosis disease began. Doctors distinguish two main forms of onset of the disease:
- Acute current
With an acute onset of the disease, it beginssuddenly, with a rise in temperature to sufficiently high figures, a pronounced weakness and sweating, a cough. In its symptoms, a similar onset of tuberculosis can very strongly resemble acute pneumonia or pleurisy. Parents can take such a state of the child for bronchitis or the flu and try to treat themselves than only aggravate the condition of a sick child who does not receive timely medical help. But the doctor, for the sake of justice, should also note that it can also diagnose the acute onset of the disease as pneumonia.
- Subacute current
This form of onset of the disease isthe greatest danger, since tuberculosis is practically not manifested. The child's well-being does not change in any way, and even cough and shortness of breath are not always in all cases. As a rule, the disease is detected either accidentally, during the planned Mantoux reaction, at its initial terms, or even when it takes a fairly neglected form and begins health problems associated with chronic tuberculosis intoxication.
Chronic tuberculous intoxication
In the event that the Koch's wand is inthe child's body for a long time, develops chronic tuberculosis intoxication, which has a very negative impact on the health of the baby. The child has such violations as:
- Lethargy. The child practically does not react to any events surrounding him. He loses interest in his earlier favorite pursuits: walks with friends, circles, sections, studies.
- Fatigability and irritability, which have already been discussed above.
- Impairment of appetite - a child can almost completely refuse to take any food.
- Very enlarged lymph nodes. Moreover, these lymph nodes are often welded together and form a group. The number of such groups of inflamed lymph nodes can be very large.
- The Mantoux test is positive for a long time, but not as pronounced as in the acute form of tuberculosis.
By the way, weight loss and increased weakness are the first signs of tuberculosis in children.
Treatment of tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is a very serious disease,and therefore the treatment of tuberculosis in children should be no less serious. Treatment of this disease should be handled by a phthisiatrician. Treatment is selected individually, taking into account the results of the examination and the state of health of each child specifically taken. However, nevertheless, there is a definite scheme of treatment, which is used in various variations in all cases. The most important method of treatment is chemotherapeutic therapy, which uses special drugs that have a harmful effect on bacteria that are the causative agents of tuberculosis. Ordinary drugs - antibiotics to use makes no sense, since Koch's stick is not sensitive to their effects. Nowadays, TB doctors use a certain number of drugs, which includes Streptomycin (S), Etambutol (E), Pyrazinamide (Z), Rifampicin (R). These drugs for the treatment of tuberculosis are recognized as the most effective and are used to treat tuberculosis not only in Russia, but throughout the rest of the world. For the treatment of children, modern medicine recommends the use of a chemical such as isoniazid (H). He is the most sparing for the child's body and causes the smallest number of side effects and complications that inevitably arise in the course of treatment with chemotherapeutic pharmacological drugs. Doctors - phthisiatricians very carefully approach to the decision of a question on the optimum scheme or plan of treatment. After all, wrongly selected and prescribed treatment will not bring any benefit to a sick kid, but the harm can be very, very significant. Not only that, with improper treatment, there is a risk of developing damage to vital internal organs such as the liver, kidneys, spleen and others, so do not forget about the risk of forming a drug-resistant form of tuberculosis. And this most drug-resistant form of tuberculosis has much more sad predictions. This is due to the fact that the causative agents of tuberculosis due to improperly selected medications, modify and stop responding to any effects of medications. Accordingly, treatment becomes extremely difficult and, most importantly, ineffective.
Phases of treatment of tuberculosis
As already mentioned, the course of treatment of tuberculosisvery, very long and complicated. Tuberculosis is not a cold, and, alas, it can not be cured by simple medications in just a few days. The entire course of treatment is divided into two main stages:
- Intensive Care Phase
The purpose of the first is an intensive phase of therapyis the active suppression of the process of reproduction of Koch's rods and the destruction of their colonies. For this purpose, doctors use a combination of four antituberculous drugs: ethambutol, rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide. This course of treatment with drugs lasts for 4 months. After 4 months, the drug regimen changes, and the sick child receives only two drugs - rifampicin and isoniazid. At this time, the death of residual pathogens of tuberculosis and the regeneration of damaged tissues occur. As a rule, such a scheme of active treatment brings very good results, especially if the disease was diagnosed in a timely manner.
- Supportive therapy phase
The goal of maintenance therapy isprevention of secondary infection of the child with those tuberculosis pathogens that may have remained after the first stage of treatment. In addition, it is during the last stage of treatment that a complete regeneration of damaged lung tissue takes place. The duration of maintenance therapy is much longer than the first - it can last for a year, and two, and even three.
Traditional methods of treatment of tuberculosis
If it is a small child, thenThe only option for treating tuberculosis for him is the treatment offered by official medicine. Tuberculosis in young children should not be treated with herbs, since babies often have an increased sensitivity to plants and may experience allergic reactions. But if a child is over 10 years old with tuberculosis, parents can try to use the recipes of traditional medicine, the effectiveness of which is recognized even by doctors - phthisiatricians. Traditional methods of treating tuberculosis will not bring any harm to the child, provided, of course, that they do not replace traditional medicine.
- Adonis spring decoction
Dry grass Adonis spring you without difficultycan be purchased at any pharmacy. To prepare the broth you need to boil one glass of water, pour into it half a teaspoon of raw materials and boil for about 3 minutes, then cool and strain with gauze. The broth should be stored only in the refrigerator, and no more than five days. The child should take a decoction before breakfast, at the rate of one drop per kilogram of the child's weight. The course of treatment should continue as a minimum of three months.
- Aloe vera
Aloe vera has a wonderfulregenerating properties, so its impact on the child's lung tissue, damaged by Koch's stick, can not be overemphasized. There are two types of recipes with aloe juice. The first is: give the child pure aloe juice, without any impurities, five times a day, after an equal time interval, one tablespoon, regardless of the meal. Aloe juice has a bitter taste, so prepare something in advance so that the child can drink it. The second recipe is suitable only for teens, since it contains, albeit in small amounts, but still alcohol. Grind four stems of a tree aloe, fill it with 100 grams of wine, place on a small fire, close the lid and simmer for half an hour. After this, give the child one tablespoon of the resulting mixture, once a day, preferably overdrew with sleep. Both the first and second courses of treatment should last 3 - 4 months.
- Swamp Lake Bael
For the preparation of this Ledum, grindthree tablespoons of dry herbs, put it in a thermos and pour one liter of steep boiling water. Cover the thermos tightly and let it brew for 24 hours. Infusion of Grasshopper herbs should be filtered using gauze tissue, it must be stored in the refrigerator. For the treatment of the baby, add the rosemary in tea. On the day the child should drink at least five teaspoonfuls of infusion. The course of treatment should last approximately one month, after which a week-long break is necessary.
- Birch tar
If you can find birch tar in the pharmacy,you can try the next, very effective treatment for tuberculosis. Dissolve in the milk 5 drops of birch tar in the morning and 10 drops - in the evening before going to bed, offer the child to drink milk. Such treatment returns the child's appetite, helps to restore lost body weight due to illness. The course of treatment can last as long as necessary.
- Heather ordinary - infusion
For the preparation of this heather is necessarybuy a herb in the pharmacy, boil one liter of water and pour in three tablespoons of herbs. The dishes should be covered and covered with a dense cloth. Infuse the grass for two hours, then strain through gauze. The broth the child should drink directly before meal, approximately on half of a glass, during three months.
- Grassy grass
Decoction of grass sporisha remarkably helps withintensive cough, taking it off literally in a few hours. To prepare the broth, place three tablespoons of herbs in enameled dishes, fill it with a liter of water and bring to a boil. After the broth boils, reduce the heat and add to the broth three tablespoons of honey. Boil, stirring constantly, until the honey dissolves completely. Then remove the broth from the fire, carefully, so as not to burn yourself, strain it through the gauze fabric. A child should take a decoction of half a glass, three times a day, regardless of food intake. The course of treatment should last exactly as much as the child suffers from a debilitating cough. However, pay attention to the fact that you can apply this recipe only to those children who have never had an allergy of honey and other beekeeping products before.
- Decoction of root elecampane
In the event that a patient with tuberculosisthe child is difficult to cough very dry and, as a consequence, it is difficult to withdraw phlegm, parents will come to the aid of a decoction of the root of elecampane. Itself is sold in pharmacies - note, you need a root. Grind it, place in a small saucepan, pour one liter of milk and bring to a boil. After the milk boils, make fire less and cook the root of elecampane in milk for about 20 minutes. This broth should be given to the child in the morning, on an empty stomach, half a glass a day. The course of treatment should continue until the sputum is separated without any difficulties.
- Tea from oregano
Almost all children drink tea without exception. For children who are ill with pulmonary tuberculosis, the following recipe is very useful: get a herb of dry oregano in the pharmacy and brew it like ordinary tea. Strictly speaking - this is the whole recipe, just replace the traditional brew on the herb of oregano. Incidentally, the oregano remarkably raises the immunity weakened by tuberculosis. The treatment can last as long as you please - the oregano and healthy family members will bring nothing but good.
- St. John's Wort - broth
If the child currently has the first,active, the phase of treatment of tuberculosis with pharmacological drugs, he will be treated with a decoction of the perforated St. John's wort. For its preparation you will need a small bag made of gauze fabric, which you can easily sew yourself. Place in it five tablespoons of perforated St. John's wort, tie it and place in a liter of pure boiling water. Make a smaller fire and continue to boil for 30 minutes. Broth cool, remove from it a gauze sack and pour into any glassware. Store the broth in the refrigerator, heating it to room temperature before giving it to the baby. The child should take a decoction of five teaspoons, every two hours, throughout the course of treatment with pharmacological drugs. But the tincture of St. John's wort is very effective at the second, supporting, stage of treatment. To prepare the tincture, repeat the procedure described above with the only difference that the volume of water should be taken half as much - that is, half a liter. As a result, you will get a more concentrated broth. After that, place in the broth two branches of a tree aloe, previously passed through a meat grinder, close the lid and place in a dark and cool place, preferably in the fridge, for about five to seven days. The child should take the resulting tincture once a day, one teaspoonful. Duration of treatment should be one year.
- Lemon-yolk mixture
Doctors for a long time have noticed that pernicious influence,which renders citric acid on the pathogens of tuberculosis. And in folk medicine this property of a lemon also did not remain without attention. For the treatment of tuberculosis, prepare the following mixture for your child: pass three lemons with zest through a meat grinder, and mix them thoroughly with the raw yolks of five eggs. Add five tablespoons of sugar and mix again, then transfer to a glass container and place in the refrigerator. The child should take a table spoon of the resulting mixture every day before breakfast. The course of treatment should last 6 months, without interruption for a single day.
- Broth mother - and - stepmother
Grass mother and stepmother also has a strongsoftening and expectorant effect, which makes it easier to cough up a child suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis. To prepare the broth, place in a small saucepan two tablespoons of dry grass mother and stepmother, fill it with half a liter of water and put on fire. Boil the broth for at least five minutes, then cool and strain through gauze. During the day, the child should drink about 200 grams of decoction. Note that the decoction of the mother-and-stepmother loses its useful properties very quickly, it can not be stored for more than two days. I would like to remind parents once again that the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis with folk remedies can only be used as an additional measure, but in no case should it be an excuse for refusing medication. Tuberculosis is not calluses and corns, it is a serious disease that can lead to the death of a child, in the absence of proper treatment. And independent treatment of tuberculosis in the home, without medical assistance, is simply impossible. That is why parents should be aware of the responsibility that they are responsible for - the responsibility for the child's life. We advise you to read: