treatment of scars In the modern world, the treatment of scars and scars isa very real opportunity, accessible to everyone. It can not be said that one can easily and quickly get rid of any defect on the skin. Usually the process of treatment takes quite a long time and requires considerable patience. Some scars are hard to correct, but even they can be minimized as much as possible, smoothing out, selecting the appropriate treatment tactics for themselves. Proper skin care during this period is of no small importance: it must be cleaned and washed daily, moistened with nutritious creams. Scars and scars are almost the same. Scars are a household definition of various scars. From a medical point of view, they are formed as a result of skin regeneration for all kinds of injuries (burns, skin diseases, mechanical effects). Treatment for scars and scars is performed by both dermatologists and cosmetic surgeons.

Scars differ in two types

Physiological - this type of scars, arisenafter trauma, is characterized by the fact that they begin to gradually turn pale, becoming less noticeable and decreasing in volume. Pathological - the reverse occurs here, the scar becomes bright red or blue, its area increases. The second type of scar is the most complex, difficult to treat and requires immediate intervention by a qualified specialist. In the treatment of skin defects, in the first place, it is necessary to determine their appearance. This will help to choose the most optimal method for correcting the problem area. types of scars

There are the following types of scars and scars

  • Atrophic scars. Are located below a surface of their surrounding skin, thus fabrics look flabby. Can be formed with coarse extrusion of boils, boils. A common example of atrophic scars are striae or stretch marks. Treated filling the "pits" with special compounds with hyaluronic acid or hardware peeling.
  • Normotrophic scars. Are at the same level with the skin, they are elastic and flat, have a pale or solid color. They are thin or wide, and also stretched. In the treatment of normotrophic scars, radical measures (surgery) are not recommended. The maximum correction can be achieved with the help of peelings or microdermabrasion.
  • Hypertrophic scars. This species differs in that it protrudes above the surface of the skin, has a pink color. Are formed from an overabundance of collagen. Excellent treatment. Optimal results in the correction of hypertrophic scars are provided by surgical excision of scar tissue and injection of hormonal agents into scar tissue, electrophonophoresis with hydrocortisone, contractubacus. Small scars can be removed with chemical peels, laser polishing and dermabrasion.
  • Keloid scars and scars. There are fan or stellate forms, rough to the touch, painful, can cause itching, sensitive. After treatment, they can relapse, continuing their growth. It is very difficult to combat keloid scars. Only a qualified doctor will be able to choose the best treatment option.

Surgical intervention in this caseineffective, excision of the keloid scar leads to collagen production and further relapse. The most acceptable method of correction is the introduction of corticosteroids into the rumen (efficacy up to 90%). Cool results are given by cryotherapy and radiation therapy. Modern cosmetology uses a large number of different methods of treating scars, which give a good effect and make existing defects less visible and voluminous. Correction of defects is carried out depending on the variety of the scar, its age and the features of the skin. basic methods of treatment

The main methods of treatment for scars and scars

  • Cicatricial scar tissue

It is used in the fight against scars of a large area,caused by trauma or surgical intervention. The essence of the technique consists in excision of the healed tissue with the application of cosmetic sutures. With more extensive lesions, autodermoplasty is used, i.e. a shred of healthy skin from other sites is transplanted to a defective area.

  • Method of mesotherapy

Used to treat post-acne scars, special injections are introduced into the affected tissue, containing active, regenerating and regenerating components.

  • Cryotherapy or cryodermabrasion

The method of cryodestruction is to useliquid nitrogen at low temperatures. A special tip is fixed to the scar surface, which is gradually cooled from -40 to -80 ° C. The procedure is almost painless, only a slight burning and tingling sensation is possible. Dead tissues are torn away for several weeks. After 3-6 months, a new skin is formed, very sensitive and tender.

  • Medication Therapy

This group includes interferon therapy and the administration of hormonal drugs. Treatment should be carried out by a competent specialist, there is a risk of side effects.

  • Laser skin resurfacing

The scar consists of connective tissue, andThe laser beam evaporates them. At atrophic scars, they are first grinded, and then filled with collagen or gels. The procedure is quick and painless. It takes about 4-6 laser resurfacing sessions to achieve the best effect.

  • Hardware chemical peels

There are surface, middle and deeppeelings, depending on the size and depth of the scar. They represent the hardware treatment of damaged tissue, which involves the resurfacing of the scar and the restoration of the skin.

  • Sandblasting microdermabrasion

The method of treatment is similar to peeling. Due to the removal of scar lesions, regeneration processes are stimulated and a healthy skin is formed.

  • Dermotonia (vacuum massage)

Special massage, carried out under vacuum to restore lymph flow and blood circulation in tissues, leading to a decrease in the volume of scars and their alignment.

  • External treatment

This method is suitable for young people (no more thanhalf a year) of scars. There are very few drugs for external treatment. These can be silicone gel plates or self-adhesive bandages, hydrocortisone ointments.

  • Folk methods

Postoperative defects can be adjustedointment badger's fat and herbal infusions (calendula flowers, Kalanchoe and wormwood juice, dandelion grass, milkweed). For treatment of scars, beeswax and the infusion of althea root are widely used. All methods of treatment are carried out under the supervision of a specialist and in medical institutions. Before any procedures, you need to undergo a full examination, find out the presence of contraindications and the lack of allergy to the drugs administered. After the treatment sessions, all the doctor's recommendations and careful skin care are required. It is important to find the most correct and safe method of correction, which will help get rid of the problem and see a positive result.