causes of hepatitis B Hepatitis B is a viral disease thatfirst of all affects the liver. This ailment occurs quite often: about 350 million people in the world have this virus in their bodies. Hepatitis B can exist in acute and chronic form. Moreover, these forms have no connection with each other, since the disease can become chronic at once, bypassing the "acute" period. This virus has one distinctive feature: it is able to exist in harsh conditions for a long time, even at a significant negative temperature. The causative agent of the disease is found in the DNA.

Transmission routes of hepatitis B and its symptoms

The virus can be transmitted as artificial,both natural and natural. Most often, infection is possible through the biological fluids of the patient, such as blood, vaginal discharge or semen. Therefore, there are main ways to get hepatitis B into the body:

  • transfusion of blood from an infected person;
  • through various medical devices;
  • by means of a needle or a razor;
  • during sexual intercourse;
  • household methods as a result of using the personal hygiene means of the patient.

From the above list it becomes clear thatit's quite easy to get infected with a virus. People at risk are people with various chronic illnesses, people who often come in contact with patients, drug addicts and that part of the population who enters into casual sex. In the early stages, it is not easy to detect hepatitis B. The disease has a sufficiently long incubation period, which can last as long as 2 months, or six months. But usually the first symptoms begin to manifest themselves as early as week 12. At an early stage, the symptoms will help to suspect the disease, such as high fever, general poor health, lethargy and weakness, lack of strength to perform the most basic tasks. Another can lose appetite and appear nausea, pain in the joints. But all such symptoms can be characteristic for some other diseases, therefore, to accurately determine the presence of the virus, it is necessary to pass a blood test. The main purpose of this diagnosis is to identify the hepatitis B antigen. Depending on the type of antigen found, a diagnosis is made. ways of infection with hepatitis b

Methods of treatment of the disease

Modern medicine struggles in every way with thisa regular timely vaccination. But, despite all efforts, cases of infection still occur. The fight against hepatitis B is usually performed by a medicamental or surgical method, as well as at home. In the modern world, many medications have been developed that can effectively reduce the increased absorption of the intestine and thereby increase the level of body protection. The surgical method of treatment is applicable in the most severe and exceptional situations. In this case, a healthy liver is transplanted to a person. Try to get rid of the disease in an easy, unenclosed form, and at home. But, before proceeding to this form of treatment for hepatitis, a compulsory medical consultation is necessary. In addition, in the process of applying health measures, certain requirements must be met that will help to cope faster with the disease and prevent a possible complication. medicamentous treatment of hepatitis b

Basic rules for the treatment of hepatitis B in the home

In the fight against the disease, you need to comply with the requirements that will facilitate recovery:

  • During treatment at home, you need to consume as much fluid as possible. It is able to effectively prevent dehydration and remove toxins from the body.
  • During the fight against the virus it is forbidden to usealcohol. It is inadmissible to drink alcohol and after a certain period after the course of treatment. The liver, affected by the disease, can not fully split alcoholic beverages. Therefore, in order not to cause additional harm to the body and not worsen the condition, it is better to refuse drinking.
  • Proper nutrition should also be givenenough attention. Food should be not only high-calorie, but also healthy. Usually, the doctor prescribes a certain diet to the patient, which must be adhered to. It is recommended to eat food in small portions, but more often than usual.
  • Physical activity also needs to be reduced for the duration of the illness. Any load must be commensurate with the condition of the infected person.
  • It is inadmissible to use any additional medicines, except those prescribed by the attending physician.
  • The acute form of the disease can be characterized by a strong subcutaneous itch, which must be controlled.
  • During treatment, you must try to prevent the spread of the virus. Tell your loved one or sexual partners about the presence of the disease.
  • home methods of treatment

    Home methods of treating hepatitis B with herbal decoctions

    Chronic form of hepatitis B can be manifested by a feeling of heaviness in the liver. To get rid of these symptoms, you should prepare a healing broth. Required:

    • 300 ml of hot water;
    • half a teaspoon of mint;
    • half a teaspoon of anise seeds.

    All components must be poured with boiling water and givenbrew for 30 minutes, then drink a warm broth in small sips. Discomfort in the liver can be caused by the consumption of a large number of fatty foods, so during the illness should avoid such food. This broth should be taken before meals every day. Anise seeds can be replaced with fennel or caraway seeds. Efficiently get rid of discomfort and help the birch buds, instead of which you can use birch leaves. To prepare a decoction, you will need:

    • 0,5 liters of boiling water;
    • 1 tablespoon birch buds;
    • baking soda on the tip of the knife.

    Leaves should be poured with boiling water and add soda. After the mixture is infused for an hour, it must be filtered and taken 150 g before meals. For treatment and strengthening of the liver, still use infusion of nettle leaves. Ingredients will require the simplest:

    • 250 ml of boiling water;
    • 15 g of nettle leaves.

    Nettle should be poured with boiling water and left in a warmplace for an hour. After the infusion is ready, it is desirable to prepare a special broth. To do this, take the roots of nettle, 15 grams, and pour them with 250 ml of hot water, after which all boil for 10 minutes. After straining, the broth should be mixed with the previously prepared infusion and, if necessary, add honey or sugar to the mixture. You need to take a medicinal drug 4 times a day for half an hour before a meal of 100-150 ml.

    Other folk recipes for the treatment of disease

    To eliminate pain in the liver, you can stillapply simple recipes, which for the treatment of hepatitis offers traditional medicine. During the next painful attack, you should immediately drink 2 whipped egg yolks. After 5-7 minutes, they need to be washed with mineral water in an amount of 250 ml. Then you have to lie down for 2 hours in bed under the blanket. In the liver area, put a plastic bottle with hot water or a heating pad. In some cases, traditional medicine advises taking half a cup of pickle from sauerkraut three times a day before eating. Known for a good recipe and based on Karlovy Vary salt. For cooking it is necessary to pour boiled water into enameled dishes and pour in salt there, and add 0.5 liters of lemon juice. Boil everything for 20 minutes, stirring with a wooden spoon, in the end, add 100 g of glycerin. The agent is best stored in the refrigerator and shaken well before use to remove sediment. Use the drug should be 1 tablespoon before eating twice a day. Diseases of the liver well heals and decoction of horseradish. To prepare it, rub it on a grater. It is necessary to get 4 tablespoons of gruel, to which should be added a glass of warm milk. Further, bring everything to a boil and insist in a warm place for 5-10 minutes. After percolation, the agent can be taken in small doses. Treatment of hepatitis B at home is entirely acceptable. Doctors usually support such an initiative. The main thing is to consult the doctor before applying this or that remedy and in the future to adhere to all his recommendations. In case of worsening of the condition or the appearance of questions, it is necessary to contact the medical institution.