Thrush in women is an infection thatis caused by yeast fungi of the genus Candida. Usually, these fungi live in small amounts on the skin and in the vaginal area of women and do not cause any harm to the body. The immune system and beneficial organisms, also living on the skin and in the vagina, do not make it possible to multiply these fungi. But as soon as there are good conditions for fungi, they begin to multiply and invade the vagina, causing unpleasant symptoms of thrush. Yeast fungi of the genus Candida prefer moist and warm parts of the body, devoid of air. Therefore, the vagina in women is the most common place for thrush development. Most women at least once in a life were ill with a thrush This disease basically develops independently, without any visible reasons. But there are some factors that increase the likelihood of women developing thrush, such as pregnancy, diabetes, prolonged use of antibiotics. Infection with thrush is also affected by women with weak immunity, or who underwent chemotherapy. Symptoms of thrush in women are watery, creamy-white discharge from the vagina, redness, itching, discomfort or pain around the vulva. These symptoms do not pass without treatment.
Treatment of thrush in women
Treatment of thrush in women includes the use oftablets or topical preparations. With mild illness, the doctor can prescribe the use of only local medications - ointments, creams, suppositories. But if the infection is severe and extensive or neglected, then the treatment is always prescribed with the use of tablets. Remedies for yeast for women related to topical preparations are candles, ointments and creams that are injected with the applicator into the vagina. Such drugs contain antifungal substances - clotrimazole, miconazole or econazole. Side effects when using local drugs are very rare. Possible use during pregnancy. Local preparations can be purchased at the pharmacy without a prescription. Tablets from thrush for women are drugs intended for oral administration, which are well absorbed in the digestive system. They destroy the fungus, not only on the genitals of women, but in the whole body, even with minimal lesions.
Medicinal substances in the form of tablets for the treatment of thrush
In the treatment of thrush, many women prefertake pills, since unlike ointments, creams and suppositories they have a pronounced systemic effect and should be taken only for one to three days, which is, of course, very convenient if you need to quickly get rid of the signs of the disease. The most common drugs in the form of tablets today are fluconazole and its analogues (diflucane, flucostat, mycosyst, itraconazole), as well as pimafucin, nystatin and miconazole. Fluconazole and its analogues Fluconazole is an antifungal agent of a very wide spectrum of action, which has a powerful effect. Remarkably copes with thrush. It is accepted once. Side effects are extremely rare. Contraindicated in pregnancy, lactation and hypersensitivity to this drug. Fluconazole can be purchased at the pharmacy without a doctor's prescription, but you should still read the instructions for use carefully. Its analogues are:
The mechanism of action of this drugis due to a violation of the synthesis of ergosterol, which is found in the cell membrane of the fungus. The drug is well absorbed even when taken with food. It is especially recommended for genital candidiasis, recurrent vaginal candidiasis and candida balanitis. It is enough only once for this drug. Possible use in pregnancy only in the most necessary cases, during lactation is contraindicated.
This drug is recognized as "Goldenstandard "in the treatment of urogenital candidiasis by doctors around the world. It is the only antifungal tablets approved by WHO for the treatment of thrush. Have a high activity in relation to fungi of the genus Candida.
This drug is recommended for treatmentfungal diseases, systemic candidiasis and thrush. Malotoxic for the human body, but slightly affects human cytochromes. In comparison with other drugs of thiazyl groups, Fucis has a lesser effect on the cytochrome-dependent processes in the liver. It is recommended for treatment of adults and children over 3 years old. Contraindicated in pregnancy and lactation. Pimafucin, nystatin and miconazole Pimafucin. This medicine has a wide spectrum of action and is very effective for thrush. The active substance of this drug is natamycin. It is not absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, from the skin and mucous membranes. Most often, pimafucin is prescribed for the treatment of noninvasive candidiasis of the intestine. Possible use of the drug during pregnancy. In rare cases, slight intestinal disorders and nausea are noted during application, especially in the first days of administration, as well as allergic reactions with increased sensitivity to the components of the drug. Nystatin. Most often, this medicine is used to prevent the development of candidiasis with prolonged treatment with antibacterial agents, especially in weakened and depleted patients. It is indicated in candidiasis of mucous membranes (vagina, lower intestine and rectum) and skin. Contraindicated in pregnancy, kidney disease, liver and gastrointestinal tract. Miconazole (miconal, mycostat). The active substance of this drug is miconazole nitrate. Has antimicrobial and antibacterial action, it is affected by many pathogenic fungi. It is used to prevent the development of streptococci and staphylococci. But on pseudomonas aeruginosa and E. coli weakly. When used this medicine is not practically absorbed into the blood. Contraindicated in pregnancy and lactation. It should be remembered that thrush is a very insidious disease, which in advanced cases can affect the internal organs of a person. Therefore, at the slightest signs of this disease, one should not engage in self-medication, but immediately consult a doctor who will examine and prescribe the appropriate treatment.