Diabetes mellitus in recent years is spreadingwith frightening speed. According to doctors - endocrinologists, today more than one hundred million people in the world are sick with diabetes. And every year this figure is inexorably growing. Moreover, diabetes mellitus spares no one - neither young people, nor pregnant women, nor even children. The name diabetes mellitus is a disease in which the blood sugar level is excessively high. This increase occurs due to the fact that the pancreas work is violated for certain reasons, and accordingly, the production of the insulin hormone, which is responsible for the normal sugar content in the blood, decreases, or even stops altogether. Diabetes occurs because of a malfunction of the endocrine system. With insufficient amount of insulin, neither the liver nor the muscles of a person are able to convert sugar, which enters the body with food, into glycogen in the same volume. And the tissues of internal organs, in turn, do not oxidize sugar and do not use it as an energy source. Modern medicine divides diabetes into two subspecies:
- Diabetes mellitus of the first type.
With this type of diabetes, the pancreas loses its ability to produce enough insulin.
- Diabetes mellitus of the second type.
At the same type of diabetes pancreaticiron produces enough insulin, but the liver and body tissues lose the ability to absorb and process sugar. Of course, that any person who heard from the doctor that he has diabetes causes the causes will be of interest not least. In fact, there are a lot of reasons that are capable of provoking the development of the disease. Therefore, only the attending physician is able to more or less accurately assume what exactly the development of diabetes in each particular case was caused. However, the following triggers the first places:
- Genetic predisposition.
As a rule, in the event that diabetes mellitussick father or mother, the risk of developing the disease in the child is approximately 30%, if both parents are sick - the risk increases to 50%. And no preventive maintenance of a diabetes here will not help or assist. If more distant relatives suffer from this disease - grandparents, uncles and aunts, the risk that the child will overtake diabetes is about 5%.
As a rule, very often people who are sick with sugardiabetes, suffer from excessive weight. It can be assumed that obesity is also a provoking factor, but it is often only a consequence of diabetes mellitus.
- Viral infections.
Ordinary virus infections can sometimes lead to the most unpredictable complications, including the development of diabetes mellitus.
- Nervous stress.
Despite the fact that diabetes is not aHe is a deadly disease, he delivers a lot of problems to a sick person. Once appeared, diabetes in most cases becomes, though unwanted, but a true companion for the rest of his life.
Symptoms of Diabetes
The peculiarity of diabetes is the fact,that his symptoms often do not appear immediately. The disease can be very long time to be in the body of a sick person in the so-called "dormant" state, in no way giving out its presence. Often a person learns about his disease quite unexpectedly, when calling a doctor about any other disease. For example, a person will turn to a doctor-oculist who, after examining the fundus, may suspect the presence of diabetes in the patient. Modern medicine knows two types of diabetes mellitus, the symptoms and manifestations of which also differ. However, given that the disease is still the same, there are a lot of common symptoms too. Diabetes mellitus has the following symptoms:
- Strong thirst.
As a rule, a feeling of constant thirst occursin all cases of diabetes mellitus. Most often this symptom appears one of the first. However, we should not forget that the feeling of thirst can be caused by a number of other diseases, so the doctor, when making a diagnosis, will not focus only on this symptom.
- Frequent urination.
Both forms of diabetes mellitus are characterized bysymptom, like frequent urination. However, it must again be recalled that frequent urination can signal other diseases, for example, a malfunction of the urethra.
- Significant weight loss with increased appetite.
If a person constantly wants to eat, however, his weight is reduced for no reason, it also makes sense to be alerted and undergo a survey that can reveal the presence of diabetes.
- Increased fatigue.
The appearance of the syndrome of chronic fatigue, drowsiness - all these symptoms accompany a huge number of very different diseases. And diabetes was no exception to this rule.
- Deterioration of vision.
Very many people with diabetes mellitus complain of such phenomena as the appearance of a fuzzy image, a white "shroud" in front of the eyes.
- Problems with potency.
Men have problems with sex life- deterioration or complete disappearance of the erection. Incidentally, the signs of diabetes in women include such a phenomenon as excessive dryness of the mucous membranes of the vagina.
- Violation of the normal process of circulation in the limbs.
Feeling of numbness and tingling in the hands and feet of a sick person, the appearance of cramps in the calf muscles is an occasion to pass a blood test to determine the level of sugar content.
- Decreased ability of tissues to regenerate
Any damage to the skin, even a simple scratch, heals extremely and extremely long. Often there are dying wounds, and even ulcers.
- Low body temperature.
As a rule, in people suffering from sugardiabetes, body temperature is lowered and fluctuates within 35, 5 - 36 degrees. The degree of expression of a particular symptom depends on the individual characteristics of the organism of each individual sick person. Someone has all of the above symptoms, and the symptoms are quite bright. And for some people, almost all the symptoms are either very greasy, or even completely absent. In addition to the individual characteristics of the body, the stage of the disease affects the degree of symptoms of diabetes mellitus - the more violated normal insulin secretion, the stronger the symptoms.
Seeking medical help
In the event that you notice yourself, oryour relatives, two or more of the above symptoms, try to seek medical help as soon as possible for a doctor - an endocrinologist or, in his absence, a therapist. Only a doctor will be able to reliably determine if a person has diabetes mellitus. After all, diabetes symptoms can give and not typical. Diagnosis of the disease to date, there is absolutely no difficulty. The doctor visually inspects the sick person, listens to his complaints, and then assigns some studies:
- Laboratory study of blood.
The purpose of this study is to determinelevel of sugar in the blood of a sick person. The blood test is performed strictly on an empty stomach, so do not eat breakfast before going to the polyclinic.
- Laboratory examination of urine.
This research is done with the samethe purpose is to determine the presence of sugar in the urine. Based on all the data received, the doctor will assess the condition of the sick person and determine exactly whether diabetes mellitus is related to his ailments. Of course, any person who heard from the doctor that he has diabetes mellitus, panic, not knowing how to live on. However, panic is the worst companion in the fight for diabetes. First of all, calm down and remember that diabetes today is not a verdict, although, of course, it significantly complicates the life of a sick person.
Treatment of diabetes mellitus
Treatment of the disease must begin immediately,as soon as a sick person learns about his disease. Unfortunately, he will have to reconcile himself with the fact that it is impossible to completely cure diabetes today. Diabetes mellitus will henceforth not just become a disease, but a very real way of life. In addition to the fact that a sick person must radically change his way of life and habits, diet and day regimen, he for the rest of his life falls under regular medical supervision. And in some cases, a sick person should make insulin injections for the rest of his life. Of course, despair is not necessary, as the doctors are trying to do everything possible to make life as easy as possible for a person suffering from diabetes. In addition, modern medicine, too, does not stand still - regularly conducted research on the problem of diabetes. And it is quite possible that very soon scientists will be able to find that treatment that will help get rid of diabetes once and for all. Those methods of treating diabetes, which modern medicine offers today, are based primarily on the introduction of insulin and sugar substitutes into the body of a sick person. In this article will not be called drugs for the treatment of diabetes, since all pharmacological agents, the regimen of treatment and dosage of the drug should be selected only by a doctor - an endocrinologist. Any scheme of treatment is selected strictly individually, taking into account the features of the disease, blood and urine tests, the weight and age of the sick person. Self-medication in diabetes mellitus poses a real threat not only to the well-being of a sick person, but even his life.
Therapeutic diet for diabetes mellitus
It goes without saying that diabetes mellitusleaves an imprint on the whole life of a sick person, and first of all on his diet. The slightest violation of the menu in diabetes mellitus - and deterioration of the condition will not slow to remind of yourself. The first and most important motto of all people with diabetes is "Life without sugar!". In the official medicine, there are certain types of therapeutic diets, each of which is intended for people with a particular group of diseases. All diets are digitally labeled. That diet, which is prescribed to people with diabetes, appears on this list at number nine. Of course, the diet may differ slightly in different sources, but its principle remains unchanged - it will be described a little later. The purpose of this diet is to normalize the carbohydrate metabolism, as well as the timely prevention of possible diabetes disorders of fat metabolism. Another task that faces a therapeutic diet is the determination of the amount of carbohydrates that the body can absorb each individual person with diabetes mellitus. The sick person should eat a fraction: the food should be taken in small portions, however at short intervals. It is absolutely unacceptable situation in which a person with diabetes mellows feels hungry - skipping a meal time can turn into a big trouble for him. If you have diabetes, nutrition is extremely important for you. For eating, the following dietary intake is recommended:
- First meal.
All soups should be low-fat - do not cooktheir on pork, it is much wiser to give preference to beef, chicken or rabbit meat, which contain much less fat. Also very useful are mushroom broths with vegetables, but be very careful not to allow food poisoning by inedible mushrooms. Use the mushrooms to prepare the broth, which are sold in any supermarket.
- The second dishes.
As the second dishes with diabetes, you canuse porridge from such cereals as: barley, pearl barley, buckwheat, wheat, oatmeal. Also, a wheat bran filled with milk is very useful to a sick person. Also, with diabetes, you can eat the following foods: skim curd, low-fat and unsalted cheese, vegetable and butter, added to the dishes.
People suffering from diabetes, doctorsallow to eat vegetables such as tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, pumpkin, zucchini, cabbage, eggplant. All these fruits contain less than 5%, so they will not have any negative impact on the patient's body.
- Fruits with diabetes mellitus.
Of fruits, however, people with diabetes,can use figs, raisins, bananas, grapes, dates. No other fruit is not worth it, since they contain too much fructose, which can cause a deterioration in the health of a sick person.
From drinks doctors allow coffee with milk, tea -of course, without sugar, milk and any unsweetened sour-milk products, juices from permitted fruits and vegetables, strictly without the addition of sugar, broth of wild rose and mineral water.
Strictly prohibited products
There is a certain number of products that are strictly contraindicated to people suffering from diabetes. Prohibited foods in diabetes mellitus:
- Sausage products, especially smoked.
- Any canned food.
- Fatty varieties of fish.
- Fish Caviar.
In addition, from the diet ofcompletely eliminate any fats - both vegetable, and animals, mayonnaise, margarine, sour cream. Sharp and salty foods should not be consumed either - salted and pickled vegetables, mustard, pepper, horseradish.
Sample menu for people with diabetes mellitus
At first glance, it may seem that a diet withDiabetes is very strict, the diet is very meager and monotonous. However, in fact, this is not so. Possessing a certain imagination and desire, the menu can be made quite diverse. Below is an example of a possible menu for one day, perhaps it will be a source of inspiration for you:
- The first meal - low-fat cottage cheese, milk.
- The second meal is buckwheat porridge with vegetable oil.
- The third meal - soup with beef, cooked in vegetable oil.
- The fourth meal is one banana.
- The fifth meal is a vegetable cutlet and boiled fish, tea with a sweetener.
- The sixth meal is one cup of kefir.
Perhaps the first time a sick person will beto experience certain difficulties with observance of a similar diet, however in due course she will stop to burden him, as will become an integral part of life. After all, diabetes is one of those few diseases in which the life of a sick person depends on the diet.
Traditional methods of treatment of diabetes mellitus
People with diabetes mite onany way to improve your health. And many of this is possible with the help of proper treatment, compliance with the diet and all the recommendations of the treating doctor. However, there is another way to ease the course of the disease - some recipes of traditional medicine. It is about them that will be discussed below. However, before talking about them, it is necessary to recall that the treatment of diabetes with folk remedies should not replace traditional treatment. If you have diabetes, herbal treatment can be an excellent addition to the basic treatment. And another very important point - if you intend to use non-traditional methods of diabetes treatment, be sure to tell your doctor about it and get his consent. After all, the main goal of treatment is to improve the condition, and not to allow deterioration. So, folk medicine is the treatment of diabetes mellitus:
- Berries of black mountain ash.
The berries of black chokeberry are extremely useful forpeople suffering from diabetes, because they contain a huge amount of sorbitol, the most beneficial effect on the patient's body. The best way to prepare berries is as follows: rinse the berries thoroughly, place them in a saucepan, lightly mash with a fork. After that, pour boiling water, based on one part of the berries, four parts of the water. The pan should be tightly covered with a lid and leave the berries to infuse for 5 hours. The resulting infusion of a sick person should drink during the day, and the berries must be eaten on an empty stomach.
- Infusion of St. John's wort perfumed.
For the preparation of infusion, you will need onea spoonful of dry herb St. John's wort and one liter of boiling water. Place the herb of St. John's wort in a thermos bottle and pour it with boiling water. Close the thermos and leave for a day. After the end of the day, strain the broth and place in a glass container. Store the broth in the refrigerator. A sick person should drink every three hours for one hundred grams of infusion. The course of treatment should last a week. Repeat the course of treatment is necessary every month.
- Infusion of dioecious nettle and bilberry leaves.
To prepare this decoction you needchop two tablespoons of dioecious nettle and one tablespoon of blueberry leaves. Raw materials can be used both dry and fresh. However, if you use fresh nettle and blueberry leaves, they need half as much - one and a half and half tablespoons, respectively. Place them in an enamel saucepan, then pour one liter of boiling water. Cover the pan with a lid, leave for two hours. After this, infuse with a gauze cloth or strainer. A sick person should take five tablespoons of broth before each meal. The course of treatment should last a month, after it is necessary to make a one-month break.
- Decoction of the aspen bark.
Decoction of aspen very effectively removes thoseunpleasant symptoms that causes diabetes. However, you must immediately warn - the broth turns out to be extremely bitter. If you still decide to try it, you need to crush the bark as much as possible, place it in a saucepan, add water and bring it to a boil. Let the broth steep for 30 minutes, then carefully strain. A sick person should drink during the day at least 500 grams. The course of treatment should last 21 days. It must be carried out at least once every three months.
- Decoction of acorns.
To prepare the next decoction for youit is necessary to prepare dry acorns in advance. Place the ordinary acorns for one hour in the oven, heated to 250 degrees. After that, cool the acorns, peel them from the peel and pass through the meat grinder. Pour 1, 5 liters of water and bring to a boil, then reduce the heat and simmer for about an hour. Allow the broth to infuse for at least 12 hours, after which once again boil for 30 minutes. After that, cool the broth, strain it and add one glass of vodka. Broth pour into a glass container, place in the refrigerator for thirty days. To begin with, a patient needs to undergo an intensive course of treatment. To do this, he needs to take one tablespoon of broth three times a day for 14 days. Take it preferably before eating, not after. Having passed the course of intensive care, the sick person should take one tablespoon twice a week. Such a measure will not allow sugar in the blood to rise above the critical level.
- Cinquefoil erect.
Infusion of erect crochet helps keepthe level of sugar under control. For the preparation of infusion, you need to grind 25 grams of grass, pour it half a liter of vodka, put in the refrigerator. Infusion will be ready for use no earlier than three weeks. Then infuse the infusion and store it only in the refrigerator. A patient with diabetes should take in the morning, on an empty stomach, five drops of this tincture. Breaks in treatment can not be done at all.
- Decoction of chicory root.
Decoction of chicory root in diabetes mellitus itselfeffectively removes a constant feeling of thirst and normalizes urination. To prepare the broth, you need to grind two tablespoons of chicory root, boil half a liter of water, pour chicory into it and simmer for about 10 minutes. Decoction cool, strain through gauze. A sick person should take 200 grams of broth, in the morning on an empty stomach and in the evening, before going to bed. The course of treatment should last for three months. However, pay attention - this tool should not be taken to people suffering from peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
- Infusion of burdock leaves.
Infusion of burdock leaves renders complexpositive effect on the whole human body, a patient with diabetes. To prepare the infusion, grind one tablespoon of mug, put it in a thermos and pour a liter of boiling water. Insist for about three hours, then strain. The infusion is ready for use. Take his sick person should half the glass three times a day, about 15 minutes before eating. The course of treatment should last 14 days, after which it is necessary to take a week break.
- Decoction of flax seed.
Decoction of flax seed is very effectivewound healing in people with diabetes mellitus, as it increases the ability of tissues to regenerate. To prepare a decoction of flax seeds, you need to grind two tablespoons of seeds into a powder, pour half a liter of water into them and boil them in a very small fire for about 15 minutes. After this, turn off the broth, cover with a lid and leave to soak for an hour. A sick person should drink this volume of broth within a day, in small portions. The course of treatment should continue until the wound heals completely. During the whole treatment period, the sick person should take one tablet of ascorbic acid. As those sick people who have tried this recipe say, wound healing takes place approximately 3 times faster than usual.
- Decoction of grains of oats.
Broth of oat grains increases vitality andworking capacity of the patient with diabetes mellitus. To make it, place 6 tablespoons of oats in a pan, fill it with one liter of water and boil for two hours. After this, drain the broth with gauze cloth, add one glass of milk and boil again for five minutes. A sick person should drink the resulting liter of decoction for one day, regardless of meals. Treatment should last for 30 days, after which it is recommended to take 30 days off.
- Infusion of lime color.
Of course, that fact, the lime color isa wonderful remedy for colds, is not a secret to anyone. But the fact that the lime blossom helps maintain normal blood sugar levels in diabetes mellitus, few people know. The broth is prepared in the most usual way: two tablespoons fill with two glasses of boiling water, insist half an hour. Drink this infusion in the morning, instead of tea, on an empty stomach. Drink it should be about two weeks - until normal blood sugar levels.
- Chicken egg and lemon.
In order to quickly reduce the level of sugar in theblood, take one chicken egg, a tablespoon of lemon and mix them thoroughly. The sick person should drink the resulting mixture, after which nothing is for one hour.
- Sea buckthorn oil.
In the event that the symptoms of diabetes mellituswomen are manifested in the form of dry vaginal mucosa, tampons with sea buckthorn oil significantly improve the situation. Dilutely moisten the sea buckthorn oil with a normal hygienic swab and insert it into the vagina, leaving it for the whole night. The course of treatment should be continued for at least 10 days. By the way, folk recipes for the treatment of diabetes require their regular use - otherwise you will not find any positive dynamics. Folk ways of treating diabetes are very diverse. And for sure, if you want, you can choose exactly the recipe that suits you. Proper nutrition, a healthy lifestyle, constant medical control and the help of nature itself will surely make your life much more comfortable. We advise you to read: