Spathiphyllum is a plant thatbelongs to the family of aroids. His homeland is the countries of South America, as well as the east of Asia and Polynesia. If you have correctly picked up a location for your spathiphyllum in your house, then this plant will soon start to blossom blossom and will please you with its flowers all year round. Usually flowering spathiphyllum begins six months after planting, that is, when the plant is still very young, so it is important to protect it from all sorts of diseases and provide it with competent care. The genus spathiphyllum is more than forty-five species of stems without stems, which are distinguished by short rhizomes. Many of the subspecies are decorative, they are intended for urban apartments and houses. They perfectly fit into any interior, decorating it and making it more vivid. However, often the growers face a difficult problem - the blackening of the leaves of the plant. Why is this happening and how to solve the problem?
Spathiphyllum: what you need to know about your ward
First of all, let's look at the featuresthis plant. In translation from Greek, "spata" means "veil", but "phylum" is a leaf. And it is true that the plants covered in their form resemble simple sheets that can be oval or lanceolate, have a vein in the middle or parallel to the side. Spheres of spathiphyllum have a distinctive feature - they expand at the base. Inflorescences of the plant - a cob, located on a long stem. Usually flowering begins in early spring. Typically, spathiphyllums bloom for several weeks, but there are species that pleases with flowering year-round, as mentioned earlier. After the flowering is completed, you need to remove the coverlet and cut off the available peduncles as low as possible. Spathiphyllum is distinguished by beautiful expressive leaves and bright flowers. In addition, the plant is not too demanding to care, but forget, for example, about regular watering and periodic spraying is not necessary. Today, such a variety of spathiphyllum, such as bicarbonate (an underground stem 20 cm long and 5-6 cm wide), is very popular. This plant has a bright green color, pointed foliage and a light, often white, veil that is slightly concave in its shape. No less popular and spathiphyllum pleasant, similar to the abundantly flowering. The difference is only in the size of the leaves - here they are larger (25x10 cm). The color of the veil also differs. In the second case, it has a greenish tinge.
Basic rules of care
As already mentioned, very often in the processits growth spathiphyllum is facing a number of problems. First of all, it is the yellowing of the leaves and their drying. In addition, because of improper care, the tips of the leaves turn black in the plant. So why is this happening and how to prevent the onset of this or that disease? First of all, provide the plant with the necessary conditions for it. Suitable temperature regime is 22-26 degrees. If you want the plant to bloom brightly and brightly, you need to take into account that for this it will need a rest period. To do this for two or three weeks, lower the temperature to 12-14 degrees, while limiting watering. Please note that the spathiphyllum does not tolerate drafts. Place the pot with the plant away from doors and windows, if you always open the window. Spathiphyllms love bright but diffuse light. In summer it is better to plant the plant against direct rays. It is best to place the pot with the flower in a light, slightly shaded place. In winter, the lighting should be sufficient - spathiphyllum should not suffer because of a lack of light. Pay attention to the features of watering. Spatifillum should be watered very abundantly throughout the spring and autumn, during the winter period, watering is reduced. It is important to know that a lack of fluid, as well as its excess, can provoke all sorts of problems. It's like decaying the root system, as well as problems with leaves or flowers. Often, the tips of the leaves turn black due to improper irrigation. Now about fertilizer - from proper feeding depends also a lot. Starting around March and until the end of September, feed spathiphyllum, using quality fertilizers, which you can buy today in all flower shops. Pay attention to the quality of fertilizing - it should not contain lime. If the plant blooms profusely in the winter, then sparfillum should be fed about once a month. And do not forget that this plant prefers good humidity. Wash, wipe and sprinkle flowers and leaves. Use warm water for this. It is important to know how to properly transplant the plant. In the case of spathiphyllum, the transplant should be annual, and it must be performed in the spring. You do not need to choose spacious, too large pots - the size of the dishes should be suitable. For the transplant, choose such soil: two parts of turf, part of leaf and peat soil in combination with a part of humus and sand. Add the coal and perlite to the resulting soil, and put a drain on the bottom of the pot. Propagation spathiphyllum - is the division of the bush, which occurs during the transplant. When working with a plant, try not to injure the root system - it is very easy to damage it. Do not tear the roots with your hands - just cut them with scissors. After the fission process is completed, spray the leaves, but do not water the plant for three days.
Problems in growing
With the basic rules of care, we figured out,Now we need to talk more about how to treat spathiphyll disease, which can appear for various reasons. It is not superfluous to know also why these diseases appear. If the room is too dry air or low temperature, you will soon notice that the tips of the leaves are turning black and drying. This is desirable not to allow, so make sure that the temperature does not fall below the required rate. Do not allow and excess fluid, which also manifests itself in problems with leaves and flowers. If you want to increase the humidity in the room, spray spathiphyll more often. If the plant is damaged because of the cold, then move the pot into a warm, sheltered place from the wind and draft. If spathiphyllum is ill due to excessive overflow, then you need to get the plant from the pot and dry the soil layer. Over time, the tips of the leaves should again become healthy. Problems with blackening or dying of leaves, as well as with flowering, can also occur due to weak growth, the cause of which is defeat by a spider mites, aphids or scab. For example, a mealybug you can consider and with the naked eye - its effect is manifested in light discharge on the leaves of the plant. These are called honey-dew. As a rule, the worm affects the root system of spathiphyllum. To prevent damage to the leaves by a cutworm, you need to regularly monitor the plant, especially during off-season periods. Follow all the rules of care. If the pest has already hit the plant, then you have to cut the damaged parts, having previously collected the pests. To treat spathiphyllum, use insecticides that actively absorb the root system and transfer them throughout the plant. These drugs kill all parasites that suck the plant's cell juices. Spathiphyllum needs good literate irrigation and frequent spraying. If you notice that the plant dries, provide it with a more versatile comprehensive care. Arrange the plant a kind of soul that will revive the spathiphyllum, make its flowers and leaves more vivid. But in the event that the premises are cool, you should not abuse this "shower", so that the plant does not freeze. Often the leaves of the plant, as well as its flowers, suffer from excessive watering. Many growers, thinking that the more liquid the plant receives, the better it will grow, seriously mistaken. Even if you thought that the plant was too dry and should be watered more often, do not go to such measures - you can aggravate the situation. The result is decay of roots, blackening of leaves, wilting of flowers. Try and stick to the right balance here. If the soil is already too waterlogged, then it is better to transplant the plant. With the help of a transplant, to save him, maybe, it will turn out. If the spathiphyllum is not transplanted on time, then it may completely die. When fertilizing the plant, try not to overfeed it. All vitamins, trace elements and other useful substances should be in the soil for the plant in a moderate, sufficient amount, but not in an overabundance. The same can be said about the lack of fertilizing. In this case, the plant will wither and dry. On your part, it is very important to normalize the fertilizing, make it balanced and optimal. Choose only those substances that are suitable for the spathiphyllum. Each portion of the fertilizer should be of medium size, not too bulky, but not too small. Causes that provoke diseases spathiphyllum, an incredible amount. But all problems arise mainly due to improper feeding, watering, too low or high temperature, that is, due to non-compliance with the rules of care. As soon as you see that the plant is ill, immediately begin to save it. Having provided the competent spathiphyllum with comprehensive care, you can grow a truly delightful plant in your house or apartment, which will refresh and decorate the interior!