Summer is the time of active rest, vacations andentertainment. Every year, many people have to add large suitcases to go on vacation, for example, at sea. But with a hike, everything is much more complicated. What to take in a hike, so that the rest is most comfortable with a minimum set of things? Let's see this together. When going on a trip it is important to take into account the basic requirement: the backpack should be as spacious and comfortable as possible with minimal external dimensions. The capacity of hiking backpacks is measured in liters. Ideal in this case is a backpack, the capacity of which is 50-70 liters. The backpack should be made of strong dense fabric, its bottom should be sewn, and the shoulder straps should be securely attached. Before you decide on what you need to take a hike, understand one rule. Things in the backpack should fit like this:
- Heavy should be laid down or middle, as close as possible to the back.
- Soft - only to the back.
- Fragile and voluminous - upstairs.
- Items of essentials should be placed in the pockets of the backpack. And it is important to remember their location in the backpack to quickly get them when they are needed.
- Things should be stacked in such a way that when walking, nothing thundered.
Experienced tourists recommend first lying ina backpack folded rug for shaping a backpack and a plastic bag to protect things from moisture. After that, it is better to pack a blanket or sleeping bag, then the other large and soft things. Then it is necessary to add food products - canned food, cereals, sugar, etc. and then - things of prime necessity. Things of personal use should be spread out on fabric or waterproof bags. Having combined the things necessary in the hike, you should put a backpack on your back to check how comfortable it is sitting on your back. If the backpack is laid correctly, it will fit the concave side to the back very tightly. Large items should not be fastened at the back of the rucksack or outside. In some cases this, of course, is impossible. After all, such items as a tent and a sleeping bag are problematic to fit into a backpack, so they should be tightly tied to a backpack by wrapping them in a waterproof cloth. Before you begin to directly collect a backpack, you need to write a list of necessary things in the hike, and think it over carefully, so as not to take with them unnecessary and do not forget the right. To begin with, you need to talk with the other participants in the hike, who is carrying what from common objects, so as not to duplicate objects and not to drag excess cargo. That is, it is enough for one of the whole group to take one tube of toothpaste, one soap, etc. If you correctly discuss who takes what, you can get rid of 2-3 extra kilograms of cargo. You can also do with food. It is necessary to discuss in advance what kind of food to take in the campaign for each of its participants. And now you can start writing a list of necessary things in the hike.
We collect kitchen utensils
So, first, let's see what kind of dishestake with you. Beating dishes should not be taken with oneself. First of all, take a mug, a knife, a spoon and a bowl. And for a hike is best to choose aluminum spoons - they weigh a little, and they can be used many times. The mug will be preferable to choose from food plastic - it is not only light, but also does not heat up like metal mugs. Bowls should be taken, as well as spoons, aluminum. You can, of course, and plastic, but in the field of such a dish is quite difficult to wash off the fat. Also among the participants of the trek should be one large bowl, in which you can prepare a salad for the whole group. If the campaign is 10-12 people, then the whole group should take no more than 3-4 knives. And the knives must be packed in cases, to avoid accidental injuries and damage to backpacks. Also do not forget to grab one ladle for the whole group of people. A large group of people (10-16 people) need to take at least two boilers. If the group is small (3-4 people), then it is quite possible to manage 1 boiler. In addition, the boilers can be replaced with aluminum pans, the handles of which should be sawed off, and in their place drilled holes in which you will need to insert a cable made of metal. The length of the cable should be equal to half the perimeter of the pan. A small group of people will get one 2-and 4-liter saucepan. For the average group (6-8 people), 5-liter and 7-liter boilers are needed. But for a large group, you can make boilers from cans, with a volume of 10 liters. It is important that the cans are made of food grade aluminum. What should I take in the hike from the dishes yet? Of course, a frying pan. Thanks to the presence of a pan in the group, you can cook not only more delicious soups, making it a roast, but fry various pancakes and fritters. It is best to take a pan with a Teflon coating and a removable handle.
We collect first-aid kit
Making a list of what to take on a hike, it should beremember that hikes sometimes happen accidents. Someone can break something, someone can cut themselves, somebody eat something, and someone can just chill out. In this case, it is important that the group has a first aid kit with everything necessary to provide first aid. So, what to take in the trek: the list of necessary funds in the medicine cabinet:
- Sterile and non-sterile bandages.
- Elastic bandage.
- Bactericidal plaster.
- Plaster in a roll.
- Hydrogen peroxide.
- Potassium permanganate.
- Sofradex or Albucid.
- Baralgin, analgin, spazgan or ketorol.
- Suprastin or fenkarol.
- Activated carbon.
In addition, when going on a hike, you should find out fromall its participants, they transfer these or other medicines or not. If someone has an intolerance to any medicine, then it is best if he himself will purchase suitable means for the campaign.
We collect food for the hike
So, the basic things necessary in a campaign alreadycooked. Now it's time to think about what you will eat. Of course, it is impossible to take fast-deteriorating products. But a variety of canned food - what you need. Before deciding what kind of food to take in the hike, explore the route of the hike. This is very important, because the number and list of products depends primarily on whether during the trip on your way there will be settlements with shops. In fact a part of products can be bought and there. But if the route of the hike passes through an unoccupied area, then you should stock up on food for the entire duration of the trip. And, the longer the campaign is planned - the more products should be taken. In addition, each person in the group must have an "emergency reserve" in case the calculations turn out to be wrong and the food runs out prematurely. About home food for the duration of the trip should be forgotten, because people do not go on a hike in order to eat. Food in the hike is needed primarily to restore and maintain strength. During the trip it is important to replenish carbohydrates in the body. They are rich in cereals. Therefore it is necessary to take with itself such groats as: rice, buckwheat, perlovka, macaroni. You can take meat products. It can be dried, dried or canned meat. Ideal option - stew. You can also grab a sausage, but only a smoked sausage, which is packed in a vacuum package. For vegetarians, you can take peas, mung beans, kidney beans or soy beans in ready or dry form. Of course, it is best to take dry foods, because they contain more nutrients. Also from dried products you can take dried vegetables, dried fruits, dried mushrooms and greens, nuts, milk powder. So, the main thing that you need to take in the hike from the products is determined. Now you can reflect on what to take in the trek from the "yummy". You can bring sweets, cookies, condensed milk. Also it does not hurt to take mint or acid lollipops. A good honeymoon sweet is honey. So, now we will briefly consider what it is necessary to take in a campaign for a week from products, per person:
- Groats (any) - about 1 kg.
- Beans - 0,2-0,3 kg.
- Meat - 0,2 kg. If the meat is dried - then 0.1 kg.
- Muesli - 0.3 kg.
- Dried mushrooms and vegetables - 0.3 kg.
- Milk powder - 0,2 kg.
- Sweets - a little bit of everything.
- Tea brew or coffee - according to the needs of the person.
- Salt and spices.
- Dried fruits and nuts - 0.3 kg.
And, of course, the most important in any hikeis water. Without water, do not cook anything - no soup, no porridge, no tea. For a long trip, do not take a lot of water, so the route should be laid in such a way that natural sources of drinking water (for example, springs) or settlements where you can replenish the reserves of this valuable liquid come on the way. For a hike, plastic bottles are best suited, in which you should pour water. If the water in the campaign ends, and until the next place of replenishment is still far away - in no case replace the water with alcoholic beverages. This can lead to dehydration.
Other necessary things in the hike
In addition to all of the above, to hike anotherthere are such things as an ax and a saw. Thanks to an ax, you can cut wood for a fire. But the saw will come in handy for pouring comfortable chocks, which will successfully replace the chairs by the fire. And the ax and the saw should be carried in the case to avoid injuring any of the participants in the hike. So, all the basic we have considered. Now let's talk about clothes and other small things. Let's determine now what else to take in the campaign: a list of everything else, which is also no less important during the hike, is briefly presented below:
- 2-3 sets of underwear. It is best to take thermal underwear, because often the nights are very cool.
- 2-3 pairs of thin socks and 1-2 pairs of warm socks.
- Very warm sweater.
- T-shirt. You can two, but not more.
- A warm sweatshirt. And it is important that the hoody was with a hood.
- Non-blowing jacket.
- Rubber boots.
- Old sneakers.
- Headgear (cap, panama or straw hat).
- Means of personal hygiene (toothbrush, soap, toothpaste, toilet paper).
- Means for sunburn.
- Wet wipes (including for intimate hygiene).
- Hygienic lipstick.
- Swimsuits (swimsuit). Will be useful, if the hike is at the height of summer, you can swim somewhere.
- Fishing rod. If there are ponds, lakes or rivers on the itinerary, then you can go fishing. Ear at the stake is
- terribly delicious!
- Remedy against mosquitoes.
- Guitar. The gathering in the evening at the campfire to the sound of a guitar - wonderful memories for a long time.
That, strictly speaking, and all that is needed in the campaign. Have a good rest! We advise you to read: