Many (unfortunately, very many) ownerscats this issue will cause bewilderment. What does it mean, what to feed the cat? What we eat, and you can feed it - we are not harmful. By the way, that "we are not harmful" can also be argued. But the fact that for a cat food from our table is not suitable, no doubt. Want to know why? Because the cat is not human. And it is genetically adapted to another food. So, more about what you can feed a cat, and why not and why.
Genetic taste predilections of cats
As is known, all cats are born hunters. They are predators, the main component of their diet is meat. Large cats (lions, tigers, leopards) in the wild hunt large mammals. The smaller ancestors of the domestic cat are also hunters, but their production is large and small rodents, birds and insects. The cat eats its trophy wild (and domestic too) entirely, along with wool, feathers, insides and small bones. In this case, not only meat but also connective tissue gets into the cat's body, and often the contents of the stomachs of birds and rodents, consisting mainly of plant foods - grains, berries, grass, fruits. The protein (meat) cat eats in a natural, raw form. And carbohydrates (cereals) get to the cat already in semi-digested form, from the stomach of prey. Therefore, all domestic cats are genetically adapted precisely to such food: meat, cereals, fruits (mainly root vegetables). And how do you calculate the ration of your predator according to this? How often and exactly what needs to feed the cat, so that it is not only full, but healthy? Possible options are two: natural food and special (dry or wet) animal feed.
Necessary and safe natural products
Feeding natural food can be considered the mostthe best option, first of all, for the cat. However, this does not mean that natural food is food from your table. To cats very much and very much many human "delicacies" are harmful, so it is impossible to feed your four-footed animals with what you eat yourself. Advantages of eating natural food - high life expectancy of pets. The disadvantage is the difficulty in observing the proportions of a balanced diet. Nevertheless, it is natural products that will provide your cat long life and good health. You just need to know what to feed the cat you can, and what you can not. What foods should be included in the diet of a domestic cat? The basis of the menu for the domestic cat should be meat - beef and poultry. These sources of proteins can and should be given to the cat daily. Next followed by carbohydrates in the form of cereals - buckwheat, oatmeal, rice, yak. And the third component of the diet is vegetables. Meat is best given to the cat in raw form, and you can cook on its basis of porridge. By the way, in the porridge on the beef broth you can add a raw chicken, or vice versa - you can add pieces of raw beef to the chicken broth. Raw meat can be alternated with by-products, which give the cat also raw, but previously scalded with boiling water. Vegetables are needed for a cat for good bowel function and as a source of vitamins. If your pet likes raw carrots, beets, cucumbers and cabbage, then do not let it interfere - let it eat. If the raw vegetables to the cat do not taste, then you need to put them in porridge. In addition, you can add to the food of the cat germinated grains and herbs - these products are very useful for it. It is best to plant a special herb for cats in a flower pot, the seeds of which can be purchased both in the flower shop and in the department of animal products. However, you can add fresh herbs in porridge. Sour milk products and eggs as a source of protein can also be given to a domestic cat. Give preference to unsweetened beverages, for example, kefir, add cottage cheese to the menu. It is believed that fresh milk can not be given to adult cats. Of course, fresh milk is great for feeding kittens, but in adult animals it can cause indigestion. However, if your cat drinks fresh milk without undue consequences, then do not deprive it of this pleasure.
That the cat can not be given in any case, sothis is human food, seasoned with salt and spices, fried, canned, pickled. And also it is impossible to include in the diet all legumes and corn, pork and other fatty meat, raw fish, smoked products and sweets. Why are these foods harmful to cats? Fish, which they love very much, can be given to them, but carefully, as it will rather harm your pet than will benefit her. Although many owners and argue that no bad consequences for feline health, feeding does not have fish, however ... However, raw fish are the first and main source of infection by parasites, and simply - worms. So if you still decide to include in the cat's diet fish, it is exclusively sea, boiled, or even better steamed. In addition, when deciding to feed a cat with fish, remember that many veterinarians urinary diseases of cats are directly associated with the presence in their diet of fish and seafood. And the predominance of fish in your cat's menu can cause vitamin K deficiency and as a result - poor blood clotting and disturbance of oxidation-reduction processes in her body. Sugar, bakery products, beans, peas and corn are harmful to cat health, because they cause flatulence (a cluster of intestinal gases), intestinal colic and obesity of the heart. So these products can not be given to cats either. Beef and chicken liver is a conditionally prohibited product that can be included in the diet of domestic cats. Damage to the health of a cat can only be caused by the consumption of the liver in large quantities. Since it contains a lot of vitamin A and D, the excess of which can lead to hypervitaminosis of the animal. And it is better not to feed the animal with a raw liver. Of course, the food from the hostel is very popular with all pets. And we often can not resist the temptation and not treat our pets with a tasty morsel. But this is just not necessary. Excess of salt, spices, seasonings, preservatives can lead not only to digestive disorders, but also to serious diseases of the liver, stomach, kidneys and other organs. Is not the price great for a minute's pleasure?
Ready feeds - pro and contra
Ready-made cat food has its drawbacks andtheir advantages in comparison with natural food. We will not try to entice you into the camp of fans or opponents of ready meals for animals, we only note that low-quality and cheap feeds can also provoke a variety of diseases. If you decide to feed your cat ready dry or wet food, then do not save on her health. What kind of food should I prefer? It is best to choose the premium feed. Yes, they are more expensive, but their quality is much better. By the way, there is still a super premium food. These feeds should be fed only to those animals that are prepared for exhibitions, since it is the feed of this class that significantly improves the appearance of the cat. At the same time, super-premium feeds pretty load all the withdrawing systems of the cat's body, which can also provoke their diseases. The availability and cheapness of widely advertised ready-made fodders for cats has one significant drawback. Their low price they are not due to the best raw materials. Judge for yourself, on packages with dry or wet food, it is indicated that they contain a certain amount of proteins, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins. But what exactly are proteins, they rarely write. Very often, as a source of animal protein for cheap feed, manufacturers use bone meal and even feathers. But, not at all, not meat. In addition, ready-made feeds contain flavoring additives so attractive to the cat that they can cause a real dependency of the animal. As a result, a cat fed with dry food, like a drug addict, will refuse any other food and insist on demanding ready-made food. And the dependence can be so strong that the animal will starve, but will not touch any other products. A side effect of low-quality protein - urolithiasis, gastritis, dermatosis and a bouquet of other diseases. And yet, ready-made animal feeds are very popular all over the world. No one will be able to deny their positive quality in the form of a balance of all substances necessary for a cat. Yes it is. In addition, to feed animals ready dry or wet food is also very convenient. And yet think carefully before you translate your cat into food prepared feeds. You yourself would eat only canned food? It is unlikely.
Of course, every owner should not only know what to feed his cat, but also how to do it right. Here are some useful tips on this topic:
- an adult healthy cat should be fed twice a day;
- kittens, pregnant and lactating cats need four or six meals a day;
- in the cat menu, the volume of liquid should be one and a half to three times the volume of solid food;
- regurgitation of undigested food - a signal about overeating, in this case it is necessary to limit the amount of food for the cat;
- clean water is a must and must always be available to the cat;
- bowls, from which the cat eats and drinks, should be so wide that the whiskers (vibrys) do not touch the edges of the dishes - many cats do not like it;
- the place of food intake should be as far as possible from the cat's toilet - the cats are squeamish and will not eat where they recover.
It is said that the cat has nine lives. Even if it is, one of them lives next to you. And you are responsible for it. Therefore, knowing how to properly feed a cat, try to make this her life the longest. And your love and care will necessarily make the life of the cat in your home the happiest of all its nine lives. We advise you to read: