Fear is the most powerful and the most ancient humanemotion. He warns us of a possible danger, so fear played a decisive role in the survival of our ancestors. But today this emotion, which can not be called pleasant, is still there, although it does not play a special role in the preservation of mankind. And not only does it exist, but sometimes it worries a certain person. How to overcome fear, if it is already crossing the boundaries of the reasonable?
Psychology of fear
What is the nature of fear in general? It can be divided into two types: fear, as a biochemical response of our body to a certain situation, and fear, which is an emotional reaction. The biochemical response is universal, while the emotional response is always individualized. Biochemical reaction When we face a potential threat, our body reacts in a certain way. The physical reaction includes sweating, palpitations and high levels of adrenaline in the blood. It was precisely this kind of reaction that our ancestors needed, because it prepared their organism either for rapid flight or for entering the fight against the enemy. Biochemical reaction of the body is an automatic response to a dangerous situation, and it was automaticity that was of great importance for survival. Emotional reaction The emotional response to fear, as we have said, is personalized. In some people, the adrenaline rush into the blood occurs during activities, for example, extreme sports, others fears a performance in front of a large audience, and someone can be scared to death by a small spider, which, along with a spider web, swept over the sleeve of clothing. Some people will do their best to avoid situations that cause fears in them, others, on the contrary, are fans of thrill and try to tickle their nerves as often as possible. And although the physical reaction to the dangerous situation will all be the same, but from an emotional point of view, some will perceive fear as negative, and others as a positive emotion. Everything depends on the person. Getting used to fear Repeated exposure to the same frightening situations leads to fear becoming dull. The human brain receives some "experience": this situation does not lead to danger. The biochemical reaction ceases to be so turbulent, and the person ceases to be frightened. Fans of adrenaline pushes them to the fact that they begin to look for ever new and more acute sensations. This same mechanism of habituation lies at the basis of the treatment of certain phobias. We will talk about this later.
Psychology of phobia
One aspect of anxiety disorder may bebe a tendency to develop fear again to experience fear. Where most people tend to fear only in a situation that comes suddenly and seems frightening to them, people with an anxious disorder fear that they will be scared beforehand. You can say, they know that they will be scared, even when the frightening situation has not yet come. And they will avoid it in every possible way. A phobia is a distortion of the normal reaction of fear. Here fear is directed at an object or situation that does not represent a real danger. The sufferer admits that his fear is completely unfounded, but can not overcome his reaction. Over time, the phobia tends to increase, if nothing is done. What are phobias? All the phobias listed, probably very difficult. This is exactly the case when you can talk about the personalization of fear - it all depends on the individual. There is a fear of death, fear of a kind of blood and even a fear of developing a phobia (phobophobia). The most common phobias are:
- Social phobia - fear of interaction with other people;
- Claustrophobia - fear of enclosed spaces;
- Agoraphobia is the fear of large open spaces and clusters of people;
- Erythrophobia - fear of blushing;
- Hypochondria is the fear of getting sick;
- Autophobia is the fear of driving;
- Aerofobia - fear of flying;
- Arachnophobia is the fear of spiders;
- Zoophobia is the fear of animals.
Social phobia can begin asshyness, which then becomes too strong and will be able to spoil your whole life. Agoraphobia is often associated with panic attacks, and people suffering from it, by all the truths and crooks, try to avoid places that can cause them panic. I must say that it is much easier to live with specific phobias, than with phobias more generalized. After all, avoiding contact, say, with spiders is much easier than contacting a large group of people. Symptoms that occur in phobias Symptoms can occur in a person who suffers a phobia when he is near an object that causes him panic, or even at the thought of this object. Common symptoms include:
- Strong heartbeat;
- Darkness in eyes;
- Strong fear of death.
In some cases, phobia symptoms maydevelop into a full-scale panic attack. To avoid such feelings, a person begins to strive for isolation, which can seriously disrupt the normal course of his life.
How to cope with phobias and fears
Fear becomes a phobia when you have to changehis way of life, severely limiting himself. But you do not have to live with a phobia. All kinds of obsessive fears are amenable to treatment. Some phobias, for example, fear of snakes, usually do not affect everyday life. But some phobias make a person fundamentally change their way of life. They start to give up work because they are afraid to go in transport, or stop leaving the house to avoid meeting people. For such sufferers there are no other options how to overcome fear, except how to seek help from specialists. Treatment of phobias The main method of treating phobias is systematic desensitization, which causes addiction to fear (or to an object that causes fear). This method works with physiological and emotional reactions in order to reduce the feeling of fear. The client is gradually carried through a series of situations, somehow related to the object of his fear. For example, a client with fear of snakes first goes through the procedure for talking about snakes. In the following sessions he will look at pictures and photos with snakes, play with a toy snake, and eventually he will come into close contact with the snake - for example, he will look at the snake through the glass of the terrarium or even pick up the snake. It is very important that all these sessions are conducted only under the guidance of a specialist! This is a potentially traumatic method, but it gives an excellent chance of success. Ten ways to defeat fear yourself If the matter has not reached the phobia, then you should not expect it. Regardless of what scares you, you can help yourself if you know exactly how to overcome fear. Here's what you should do:
Never blame yourself for being afraid of something. Look around you - from time to time you are afraid of something. The most successful people have mastered the ability to summon courage to help and have learned to move forward without giving their fears and anxieties to hinder the attainment of goals. Right now, make the decision to take control of at least one of your fears. Try to do exactly what you have always been scared to do. When you bravely look at your fear right in the face, you will see that it will leave you much faster than you could imagine. When you get rid of fear, you will give way to your freedom and happiness that will allow your dreams to become reality. And then a good life for you will become inevitable! We advise you to read: