Roses are known since ancient times. Carved out of stone, they are preserved in the monuments of Babylon and Assyria. The earliest image of the rose, found in Europe on the frescos of the Palace of Knossos in Crete, dates back to the 16th century BC. In Ancient Greece, this flower came from the East after Alexander the Great conquered the Persian state. He was sung by the great poets of antiquity - Homer and Sappho. Herodotus described a sixty petal rose from the garden of the Phrygian king Medas. In ancient Rome roses were imported from Egypt. One day, Nero gave a ton of gold for Alexandria's flowers. They covered the way of the victorious commanders, and triumphal arches adorned them with garlands. In the houses of the patricians, the participants in the feasts were sprinkled with rose petals, on the tables, many flowers were laid out, so that their aroma suppressed the action of wine vapors. And for pools and fountains used rose water. In our climatic zone without winter shelter, only the dog rose and the park roses are not frozen. Many well-known varieties of roses can even freeze under the winter shelter not only the upper parts of the shoots, but also the stems to the very bottom, and the methods of trimming recommended by specialists remain often only on paper. Therefore, experts offer flower growers to lovers of roses, the best varieties of which are tested in practice. They hibernate relatively well and therefore are most preferable for decorative gardening of personal plots. Roses come from the southern latitudes, therefore, even in spite of the thoroughgoing care in the autumn-winter period, they in most cases freeze. To avoid damage to roses during cultivation in our climatic zone, special attention should be paid to the selection of varieties of roses for planting, giving preference to those that are less damaged during the winter.
Modern roses enthusiasts are notpioneers, but only continuers of the interrupted wave. In Russia, once there are also flowers of roses. For example, in 1912 in the Moscow region, near the station Tuchkovo, was planted alley of eight thousand rose bushes. History has not preserved the memory of what roses were planted there, but certainly not without a group of Portland roses. Compact growth, repair blossom, excellent winter hardiness, good health and a strong aroma - this is an incomplete list of advantages that characterizes these roses. In France, these roses were bred in the middle of the XIX century. They received their name not from the city of Portland, although it is known today as the "city of roses", and in honor of the Countess of Portland - a passionate fan of roses. If you have little space in the garden, and you want to plant a rose, then choose a variety of Jacques Cartier. This healthy, winter-hardy, richly flowering rose is incredibly beautiful. Flowers have a rich pink color with a large abundance of small petals surrounding the core. This is an old sort of roses, and unlike many of these varieties, Jacques Cartier well tolerates the rain, because the petals on it are located so that the water just drains from them. The rose blooms in dense brushes up to five pieces and is good for cutting. Jacques Cartier blossoms in waves until the winter, copiously repeating every six months. And pruning wilted flowers speeds up the next wave of flowering. The bush is compact, tall and narrow. The plant has a dense dark green foliage.
Rose Pink Panther will not leave anyoneindifferent. This beautiful tea-hybrid rose would be more properly called grandiflora, because its large flowers bloom usually in the hands. They have a beautiful salmon-pink color, which from slightly orange at the beginning of flowering turns into a more pink in the aftermath. But the shade is very beautiful always. Flowers do not shed the sun and well withstand rain. The bush is very hardy and has foliage of a gray-green color. The variety is well-stable in the conditions of northern Europe and its humidity to black spots. In the warm countries of Europe, the color of flowers of this variety varies slightly, but in cold countries this contrast becomes very significant. Large beautiful flowers have a goblet shape, and the buds in them consist of more than forty petals. Rose has a light fruity aroma and blooms all summer, until late autumn. Flowers do not fade for a long time and at the end of flowering, before the petals crumble, resemble peonies. Rose Pink Panther looks better in a dry climate, because brown petals appear on the petals from the rain. Strong shrubs of the bush reach a height of one to one and a half meters, the leaves are shiny, bronze.
Rosa Madame Mailand knows everything, although in Germany hercall Gloria Day, in Italy - Goya, and in English-speaking countries Peace (Peace). This is perhaps the most famous rose in the world, probably still the most common. Rosa is called her hybridizer in honor of her mother, who died young. The flowers of this rose are huge. They are very beautiful at all stages of flowering - from elegant buds to a fully opened flower. Usually the flowers have a soft yellow color with a raspberry edge, which burns to pink-cream. In practice, the color varies depending on the place of cultivation and the season. The smell also depends on the same conditions. The variety has a strong shrub, dark green large foliage and is resistant to diseases. The bush looks good even when the rose does not bloom. It is very easy to grow a frost-resistant rose. Terry large flowers of pale yellow with a pink edge look very luxurious.
Roses Cordes is rightly called the queen amongflower world. Their beauty, grace, variety of colors and shapes are truly inexhaustible and conquer the hearts of all florists. Among them, they are known for the beauty of the bud and the flower itself, its unusual aroma and striking vitality. These marvelous roses delight the rosewoods with their luxuriant flowering. Today, a lot of roses of this sort of foreign selection have appeared, the flowers of which have a variety of colorings and forms, but the best varieties of Cordes roses are those that have been tested by time and have proved themselves in our climate. Roses Cordesa includes the best cold-resistant varieties of roses. In general, most of Cordes's roses are frost-resistant, which is an important condition for our climate. Roses Cordes do not require special care. Here all traditionally - watering, fertilizing, weeding, spring pruning and indispensable mulching.
Pierre de Ronsard
The flowers of Pierre de Ronsard have a charmof ancient roses. Cupped large flowers with long petals bloom slowly. In a humid and cool climate, they rarely blossom completely. The flowers themselves are cream colored or ivory with pink saturated edges. The outer petals have a greenish tint. The Pierre de Ronsard bush is compact and not very strong, the foliage on it is stiff, dark green, shiny, there are few spines. The first flowering is the most abundant - then the bush is covered with flowers from the bottom to the top. Then the flowers appear constantly, but they are much smaller.
This variety has pure white flowers with a diameterseven to eight centimeters. Terry buds have up to thirty petals and are collected on three to eight flowers in the inflorescences. This variety has a light aroma. The leaves are shiny, dense, light green. A dense thick bush has a height of 0.8-1.0 m. This variety begins to bloom from the middle of June and blossoms to frosts with small interruptions. The variety is sufficiently frost-resistant. In our climatic zone, only the upper parts of the shoots usually freeze, so the bushes for the winter should be sufficiently covered with earth to a height of 0.3-0.4 m, and in the spring cut off shoots over the fourth or fifth eye from the ground. After this, new shoots will quickly grow, which will bloom already this year. Three-year and older shoots must be cut in spring at the base - the plants are rejuvenated and more abundantly blossom. The variety is resistant to fungal diseases. This gorgeous, abundantly blossoming variety from the floribunda group looks great on the cuttings, in the group plantations and looks very impressive on the stems. Recently, the renal mutation from the above-described variety has gained prominence, which, undoubtedly, deserves attention of flower growers-lovers. It's a curly Iceberg. Its bushes in height from 2,5 m are densely covered with foliage of the sated-green color. This variety also starts to bloom from the second decade of June and to frost. The variety is winter-hardy, and only in its winters with prolonged minus temperatures, only the tips of the shoots freeze. Bushes for the winter enough to soil the earth. In addition, the shoots can be bent neatly to the ground and secure them in this position with wooden pegs, covered with wooden shields or covered with leaves. Shelter will provide an opportunity to keep on the shoots the maximum number of flower buds, in order to achieve abundant flowering next year. In the spring, it is necessary to cut the tips of shoots damaged by fungal diseases or frost. And shoots from three years and older, so that the bush is rejuvenated in a timely manner, is cut at the base. This species of Iceberg is also resistant to fungal diseases. Curly Iceberg is great not only for vertical gardening, but also for cutting flowers.
This cultivar has double pink flowerswith a diameter of six to seven centimeters. Buds have up to thirty petals and exude a pleasant apple flavor. Flowers only occasionally are solitary, most often they are collected in inflorescences of five to seven flowers. Leaves are leathery, small, dark green and consist of five or seven round leaves. The variety is vigorous, and the bushes have arched strong shoots up to two or more meters. The blossoms of roses of this variety begin from the middle of June, and bloom until frost. New Don is a very frost resistant variety, and from the group of climbing roses is the best autumn variety. In severe winters with long minus temperatures, only the tops of the shoots are frozen. Roses for the winter enough to hill to a height of 0.35-0.4 m, and in the spring to cut frost-damaged tops of shoots. To ensure that the bush is rejuvenated in due time, shoots from three years and older must be cut at the base. The variety is resistant to fungal diseases and is recommended for planting on the lawn in single specimens, in small groups, and also for vertical gardening.
Paul Scarlet Clymer
Roses of Pols variety Scarlet Clymer have terrybright red flowers are globular in diameter up to seven centimeters. Slightly fragrant buds, having up to forty petals, are collected in inflorescences of ten flowers. Petals keep color well and do not burn out in the sun. Large shiny dark green leaves consist of three to seven leaves. The bushes have strong thick shoots up to a meter and a half tall. Bloom these roses in June from the second decade and blossom abundantly within 28-35 days. Further, repeated flowering is less abundant. The variety is winter hardy - it only freezes in winter in the upper parts of annual shoots. For the winter, the bush only needs to be ground to a height of 0.35-0.4 m. In regions with long and cold winters, the shoots should be bent gently to the ground, secured with wooden pegs in this position, and then covered with wooden shields or sprinkled with leaves. This will save the maximum flower buds on shoots and achieve abundant flowering next year. The variety is resistant to fungal diseases. This rose belongs to a group of half-lobed roses and is very good for planting single specimens or small groups against the background of a lawn. It is also suitable for cutting flowers.
The rose of the Maigold variety has fragrant low-mahoganyflowers of bronze-yellow color, cup-shaped, with a diameter of up to ten centimeters. Buds, which have up to seventeen petals, are collected in inflorescences up to ten flowers. Large dark green shiny leaves consist of five to seven leaves. Shrubs of this variety have whitish shoots up to two meters high. This rose begins to bloom from the middle of June and blossoms until late autumn with small interruptions. The variety is frost-resistant. Bushes for the winter enough to hill to a height of 0.3-0.4 m by the earth, and in the spring it is necessary to cut off shoots over the fourth-fifth eye. Then the powerful young shoots from them quickly grow and bloom already this year. Shoots age of three years and above should be cut in spring at the base, which allows the plant to rejuvenate. And it blooms much more abundantly. The variety is resistant to fungal diseases. Maigold is a half-lobed variety that looks great, planted in small groups, and is also very effective on the stems. The variety is suitable for cutting flowers.
Roses of Ankl Walter's variety have double velvetydark-red large flowers, up to twelve centimeters in diameter. Slightly fragrant buds, in which there are up to thirty petals, bloom alone or collected in inflorescences up to eight flowers. The petals of roses keep color well and do not burn out in the sun. Leathery, large, dark green leaves consist of five to seven leaflets. Shrubs with straight strong dense shoots have a height of up to one meter. Ankle Walter's rose blossoms with little interruptions from mid-June to late autumn. The variety is winter hardy. Bushes for the winter can be ground up to a height of 40 cm, and with the onset of spring shoots cut off the fourth or fifth eye from the ground. This procedure contributes to the growth of powerful young shoots, which bloom already this year. Shoots of three years old are cut in spring at the base, which helps the plant to rejuvenate and promotes a much more abundant flowering. Ankl Walter is resistant to fungus diseases. It belongs to the tea-hybrid group of roses and is excellent both for cutting flowers and in group plantings.
Dame de Coeur
Rose Dam de Coeur has large, large-sizedcherry-red flowers are cup-shaped, with a sharp center, with a diameter of up to twelve centimeters. Slightly fragrant buds have up to sixty petals and most often grow alone. Flowers well retain color and do not burn out in the sun. Large shiny leaves have a dark green color. Compact bushes up to one meter high have dense, straight, strong shoots. The variety of Dam-de-Cher blooms with small interruptions, from the second decade of June until late autumn. The variety is winter hardy. Bushes for the winter should be plowed by the earth to a height of 0.3-0.4 m, and then in the spring it is necessary to cut off shoots over the fourth or fifth eye from the ground. After this procedure, the roses grow new powerful shoots, which blossom already this year. Shoots of three years old must be cut off at the base in the spring, which helps the plant to rejuvenate and bloom much more abundantly. The Dam-de-Coeur variety is resistant to fungal diseases. This variety belongs to the tea-hybrid group of roses. It is recommended to grow it for cutting flowers and use it in group plantations.
The rose Queen Elizabeth large terrygently pink flowers of a cup-shaped shape with a diameter of up to twelve centimeters. Aromatic buds have up to thirty petals, grow alone or collected in inflorescences. Strong straight shoots up to a meter and a half grow with a bush. Rosa Queen Elizabeth blossoms with small interruptions, from the middle of June until late autumn. The variety is winter hardy. Bushes for the winter should be bored to a height of 0.4 m by the earth, and in spring to cut over the fourth-sixth eye from the ground shoots. After that, this rose quickly grows powerful young shoots, blossoming already this year. The variety is resistant to fungal diseases. Queen Elizabeth is an abundantly blossoming variety from the group of grandiflora, which is grown for cutting flowers or planted in group plantations.
Variety Ravel - one of the varieties of tea-hybridgroup. Terry large, soft pink flowers of a goblet shape, with a high center, have a diameter of up to twelve centimeters. In the bud up to thirty petals. Buds grow alone or rarely on two or three flowers on the shoot. Shrubs with straight shoots up to a meter high are densely covered with foliage of a rich green color. This variety blooms with small interruptions, from mid-June to autumn. The variety is winter hardy and the bushes for the winter simply enough to hill up to 40 cm above the ground. In the spring, shoots should be cut over the fourth or fifth eye from the ground. After this, powerful young shoots quickly grow in the bushes. Shoots up to three years old must be cut at the base to rejuvenate the plant and achieve abundant flowering. The variety is also resistant to fungal diseases. Specialists recommend the use of Ravel in group plantations, and also grow to cut flowers. Cut flowers stay in the water for up to three weeks.