In the scientific milieu, thrush is called candidiasis. This name she received because of the fungus of the pathogen - Candida albicans. The main symptoms are irritation, discomfort, vaginal itching and discharge from the genitalia in the form of cottage cheese. Almost all women are carriers of this fungus, but in small doses it does not cause harm. But under certain conditions the balance is broken and the fungus begins to grow at an increased rate. Because of this, the mucous membrane is damaged and the woman has symptoms of thrush.
The causes of thrush
Weakened at the moment immunity. Immunity can be weakened by severe diseases or by the use of drugs that suppress the immune system. Use of antibiotics. Powerful antibiotics of a wide spectrum, along with harmful bacteria, kill and are beneficial to the body. Use of birth control pills. Hormones in the human body control the number of bacteria. But the contraceptives, in which there are hormones, affect the level of hormones in the body. Close clothes. Constantly dressing in tight clothes, increases the risk of increasing temperature and humidity in the folds of the skin, which helps the development of the fungus. Infections of the intestine. Fungus, which causes thrush, is most often found in the intestines. And if you do not comply with hygiene standards after defecation, the fungus of the yeast infection can get into the vagina. Diabetes. Diabetes is the cause of increased levels of sugar in the blood and urine. Because of this, sugar in the vaginal fluid rises, the acid medium decreases, and this leads to the development of the yeast infection. Infections of the sexual certificate or act. It should be noted that thrush is not a venereal disease. At the sexual certificate or act the mucous membrane of a vagina can break, and it will increase risk of disease by a thrush. Men also have thrush, but they do not manifest themselves. And if the woman is cured of the disease, and after a while the disease manifests itself again, one should also check the male partner.
Symptoms of thrush in women
The thrush has the main symptoms:
- Painful sensations. The mucous membrane of the vagina is very tender, and if it is inflamed, it leads to a feeling of pain.
- There is burning sensation when urinating. This occurs when urine enters the inflamed parts of the vagina
- There is an unpleasant itch around and inside the vagina, which is a common indicator of thrush, it can be very strong.
- Discharge from the vagina. With diseases of thrush, the discharge becomes abundant, most often white, resembling cottage cheese, but there is no smell.
- There are pains during sexual contact.
But not always with thrush are whitecheesy discharge. It is important to note that for the diagnosis it is important to determine the type of pathogen. Usually with thrush, the color of the discharge is white. In this case, the odor of discharge is sour-milk. If candidiasis is vaginal, then it accompanies dense lumps of cheesy type with the appearance of grains. They are easily removed from the mucous membrane. Later a dense film of whitish-gray color, which, in turn, densely adheres to the mucous membrane, can appear. Attempts to separate the film lead to bleeding.
Types of discharge for thrush
When there are green discharge, most likely,it speaks of inflammatory processes in the fallopian tubes, vagina, cervix or ovaries. If there is a high level of leukocytes in the secretions, then they become green. And doctors call it leukorrhea, that is, if the discharge is green, this indicates a bacterial infection. Gynecological diseases are characterized by pathological discharge from the vagina. Here are some symptoms of pathological discharge:
- Isolations of a specific color, which are more abundant than usual discharge in different cycles of menstrual time.
- Allocations from the vagina of any color at any point in the cycle. In this case, secretions are accompanied by burning of the genital organs, abdominal pains and an unpleasant odor of discharge.
- Changed the usual blood discharge during menstruation. Allocations either decrease sharply or become abundant.
- Appear pink spotting before and after the menstrual cycle. There may be profuse bleeding during menstruation.
- Still green discharge can be with bacterial vaginosis.
What are the manifestations of bacterial vaginosis
The causes of such a disease can be infections,transmitted by the partner during sexual intercourse, or insufficient or, on the contrary, excessive hygienic procedures. The cause may be antibiotics, stress, a weak immune system and pregnancy. With this vaginosis, the microflora of the vagina is compromised. The number of lactic acid bacteria decreases, but the level of pathogenic microorganisms increases and gardnerellez appears. Then the selection becomes green or gray-white. Isolations exfoliate with films and have a sharp fishy smell. There are unpleasant sensations and a burning sensation at an emiction. It is necessary immediately to contact a specialist for treatment, as gardnerelles destroy the habitual flora of the vagina. This problem is treated in two stages. First, antibiotics are taken, which destroy the gardnerella. And then restore the microflora of the vagina. Another reason for green discharge is trichomoniasis. Confirm it is possible only with the help of tests. And if a woman has green discharge, a slight irritation of the genitals is felt, it is better to immediately consult a doctor. Yellow and green discharge are characterized by acute inflammation. In this case, the allocation will be abundant. But with chronic inflammation, the discharge is poor and with a greenish color. Isolations with yellow color If a woman's discharge has unusual color, texture, itching and pain, then it's better to think and immediately go to the doctor. Yellow discharge is bacterial vaginosis. This disease is overtaken by 65% of women. In this case, the microflora of the vagina is destroyed. Appears yellow discharge or white, which have an unpleasant odor. This smell is usually worse after hygiene or sexual intercourse. Brown discharge in women When bright red spotting appears before the menstrual cycle, it can be caused by erosion of the cervix or endocervicit. If the discharge of this color appears in a pregnant woman, it is an indicator that the detachment of the fetal egg has started, which can cause a miscarriage. If there are small cracks in the vagina, then after coitus there will appear bright red spotting, which is also a consequence of erosion of the cervix. Bloody discharge may appear after the termination of pregnancy, then you should see a doctor. Appearance of light brown excretions If brown discharge appears before menstruation, it is an indicator that a full-fledged menstrual cycle will begin soon. Light brown discharge is not normal during menstruation, if you do not take hormones. The reasons can be different:
- The cause may be in inflammation of the uterus
- If the vagina is inflamed due to sexually transmitted diseases
- Cancer or erosion of the cervix
In such cases, brown or pink selectionwill be permanent after intercourse. When a pregnant woman has a brown stained spotting, the reason for the placental abruption that occurred a few days ago. If the dark stained spotting appears before the menstrual period, then this is an indicator of the pathological processes in the uterus. If a woman appears white, cottage cheese-like discharge, white film or plaque between the labia or the clitoris, it is a sign of thrush. The smell in this case will be similar to bread or sour-milk. It happens that during the period of the month there are bloody large clots, which, most likely, says about the cervical cuff. Or it is due to poor blood coagulability, a tendency to form blood clots, or a lack of vitamin B. It is very important to consult a doctor for examination and for treatment, regardless of the nature and color of the discharge.
The main signs of "thrush"
With thrush a woman can face oneor several symptoms of the disease. Consider the most frequent signs. Itching in the genital area. The itch has both a permanent character and is intensifying before the monthly, after long walks, if a woman uses synthetic underwear, when using daily pads. Often, the appearance and intensification of the itching after taking a hot bath. Because of the itching, a woman may begin to suffer from insomnia or nervous exhaustion. The appearance of discomfort in the genital area. Itching often forces a woman to comb the fungal areas, which leads to increased irritation. And this leads to redness, the appearance of swelling and inflammation. The sensitivity of the vaginal mucosa to water and urine increases. Occurrence of various selections. Each woman in the tissues of the vagina has glands that secrete a little mucus, this helps the vagina self-cleaning and keeps it from drying out. These discharges are insignificant and transparent. With thrush, the secretions have an abundant character, similar to a creamy consistency. With the thrush, there is itching, pain when urinating and painful feelings in the intimacy, which were mentioned in the article above.
What treatment should I follow with thrush?
The urgency of thrush does not subside, even thoughon the fact that there are now a huge number of drugs to fight thrush. The thrush is always very difficult to cure to the end, and there is always the risk of a recurrence. It is important for a thrush to see a doctor, because self-treatment can be fatal. Only an expert will help to choose the right drug and the method of treatment. What kind of activities will be the basis for treatment of thrush:
At the beginning of treatment of thrush, it is important to remember thatit is impossible to completely get rid of the fungus that causes thrush. And drugs play the role of limiting the reproduction of fungus. All the medicines for thrush are divided into several types:
- Antimicrobial. These are antibiotics based on levorin, nystatin, natamycin.
- Antifungal. The main substances in them are ketoconazole, iconazole, miconazole and clortimazole.
- Medicines of the combined type. They include antimycotics and antibiotics.
Drugs used for topical treatmentthrush, are applied to the surface of the skin or mucous membrane. And they look like an ointment or solution. More such drugs can be introduced into the sexual organs of women. And have the form of vaginal tablets or suppositories. The peculiarity of the drugs is that they need systematic application (1-2 times per day) and the duration of their application is 14 days. After medications, you need to restore the immune system. This contributes to the effectiveness of treatment. For this, prebiotics are used, which restore the microflora of the mucosa. A woman is prescribed a drug with a complex content of vitamins and minerals. After such treatment for thrush, it is often necessary to restore the intestinal microflora. In this case, a special diet is prescribed. Experts advise not to engage in self-medication. If a woman begins to stand out unusual mucous or cottage-like discharge, having an unpleasant smell, it is best to immediately go to the doctor who will prescribe the desired course of treatment.