Discharge from the vagina. All women of reproductive age face them on a daily basis, without exception. However, sometimes these seizures become a cause for concern to women. After all, it is worth the secretions slightly change the consistency, color or smell, the woman starts to panic, fearing that this indicates a disease. And really - changing the habitual nature of vaginal discharge requires consultation with a doctor - a gynecologist. After all, if a woman does not have medical education, she will not be able to determine the cause of such vaginal discharge. Is the appearance of atypical secretions always evidence that a woman suffers from any gynecological diseases? Or is vaginal discharge a physiological norm? It is to these questions that the readers will find the answer in this article.
Normal vaginal discharge
Allocations from the vagina do not always indicate that a woman suffers from any disease of the female sexual sphere. A woman should not worry if she:
- The vaginal discharge is transparent, resembling slime.
- The discharge does not have a pronounced odor.
- There are not many selections.
- Vaginal discharge does not cause irritation of the mucous membranes and skin of the genital organs.
- Vaginal discharge is not accompanied by an increase in body temperature, pain in the lower abdomen, or discomfort in the genital area - both external and internal.
In the event that the reproductive system of a womanis in perfect order, its vaginal discharge is similar to mucus, which is produced by glands located on the cervix. Such discharges are the physiological norm, because it is with their help that the sexual pathways of a woman are cleared, due to which the woman is reliably protected from penetration into the sexual organs of certain pathogenic pathogens. The number and consistency of normal vaginal discharge constantly varies, depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle, as well as on the overall health of the woman. In addition, a very important role is played by the individual characteristics of the female organism in each specific case. For example, liquid vaginal discharge is characteristic for the period of ovulation, but after it, as a rule, the secretions become jelly-like. Sometimes the number of vaginal discharge can increase dramatically. Typically, this happens in the following cases:
- A state of strong sexual arousal in a woman.
- Stressful condition.
- Chronic fatigue syndrome.
- Sharp change in climatic conditions.
In addition, very often a significant increasevaginal discharge occurs in expectant mothers. And the longer the gestation period, the more abundant the discharge. This increase in vaginal discharge during pregnancy has a simple and scientific explanation. This is due to the fact that during pregnancy in the body of a pregnant woman the content of sex hormones is off scale.
Other types of vaginal discharge
There are also other vaginal discharge,which can serve as a symptom of unhappiness in the field of female genital organs or even about the presence of any diseases. It is about this and about what causes these vaginal discharge causes, and we will discuss below. As already mentioned, if the fair sex is completely healthy, the discharge is watery or mucous, colorless, transparent and odorless. If there is a change in consistency, color, or acquire a specific odor, we can assume that in the body of a woman there is some pathological process. Bloody discharge from the vagina In the event that a bloody admixture appears in the vaginal discharge, they acquire a red tint. Typically, such discharge appears in a woman about a few days before the onset of menstruation and smoothly flow into abundant menstrual flow. They can also persist for several days after the end of the menstrual cycle. Most often, a similar phenomenon is observed in those women who have a contraceptive spiral. In the event that the allocation data are not very abundant, they are considered a physiological norm and do not require any treatment. Sometimes spotting gets brown or even black shade, which is a consequence of oxidation and destruction of blood in the uterine cavity. And also women sometimes have systematic smearing bloody discharge, not associated with the days of the menstrual cycle, or bound, but the blood has a fetid smell. All these cases require immediate consultation of the doctor, since they signal serious enough violations. Also, the reason for the appearance of weak bloody vaginal discharge may be a woman taking oral contraceptives. In the event that such secretions occur in the first two months of taking hormonal contraceptives, there is nothing to worry about. If the bloody discharge continues on the third and fourth month of taking the drug, the woman should as soon as possible turn to the doctor - gynecologist. Most likely, this oral contraceptive is simply not suitable and it is necessary to replace it with another one. In the same case, if a woman has abundant bloody discharge, in no way associated with the physiological cycle, this indicates a serious pathology. A woman should be examined by a gynecologist as soon as possible, as the uterine bleeding is extremely dangerous for a woman's life phenomenon. The loss of time can lead to very serious consequences for women's health and even a threat to her life. If the bloody discharge is not abundant, but nevertheless also not associated with the menstrual cycle, they can also testify about such pathologies as:
- Violation of the menstrual cycle.
- The presence of endometriosis in a woman.
- Erosion of the cervix in neglected form.
- Cervical cancer. In this case, the strongest discharge occurs after sexual intercourse.
In the same case, if spottingarise in a pregnant woman, she should immediately seek medical help. In the early stages of pregnancy, bloody discharge can appear as a result of spontaneous miscarriage, and later - as a result of premature detachment of the placenta. In order to save lives for both mother and baby, a woman should be delivered to the nearest medical institution as soon as possible, where there are doctors and gynecologists. Whitish and yellowish discharge. In the event that a woman has whitish or yellowish vaginal discharge, especially if they have a sharp unpleasant odor, there is every reason to believe that a woman has pathogens in the body that transmit sexually. Because of the huge number of secreted leukocytes and microbes, the vaginal discharge becomes whitish or yellowish in color. Similar discharges are noted in women with diseases such as gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, thrush, and others. Such discharge causes a strong feeling of discomfort in a woman - itching, burning. In addition, many women complain of pain in the lower abdomen or in the lower back. The only case when such allocation are considered admissible is pregnancy. In the event that the future mother feels well, she has no other complaints, and the results of the tests are within the limits of the norm, there is no cause for concern. Curd, thick or foamy discharge from the vagina You can also talk about the pathology and if the woman changes the consistency of vaginal discharge. If the normal liquid discharge from the vagina suddenly becomes frothy, or curd, or excessively thick, the doctor may suspect the presence of a woman of a disease that is of an infectious nature. Discharge from the vagina with an unpleasant odor The same is true if the vaginal discharge of a woman has acquired a sharp specific unpleasant odor, it also indicates the presence of an infectious disease in the body of a woman. The smell can be different - both sour and rotten. The cause of the unpleasant smell is the products of vital activity of the pathogenic microflora - microorganisms feed on and release a specific gas that has an extremely unpleasant odor. Allocations from the vagina, as well as white, gray or greenish, appearing after a few days or weeks after sexual contact are considered to be a signal of the occurrence of an infectious disease. Sexually transmitted diseases are most common. The most common are:
- Bacterial vaginitis.
- Urogenital trichomoniasis.
It is inadmissible to ignoreappearance of such vaginal discharge. After all, any disease, including sexually transmitted infections, must be treated as soon as possible. Otherwise, the treatment will take much longer and will require more effort. In addition, all sexually transmitted diseases can lead to serious complications, such as peritonitis, adhesions, secondary infertility and other. However, self-medication also should not be dealt with, because in rare cases, such discharge can be caused by hormonal failure. And taking drugs intended for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases will give an extra burden to the body, and the true cause of such vaginal discharge will remain unknown. That's why if a woman sees her yellow discharge from the vagina, she needs to see a doctor as soon as possible - a gynecologist. The doctor will examine the woman, take a gynecological smear. If necessary, a number of additional studies will be conducted to help identify the possible disease. And already on the basis of the results obtained, the doctor will prescribe adequate treatment, which will lead to a full recovery of the woman. Vaginal discharge with a curdled consistency. If a woman observes cheesy extracts that have an acidic odor, most likely, one can speak about vaginal candidiasis. This disease is very widespread and is characterized by the following symptom. Mucous membranes of the external genitalia are covered with a whitish coating. This plaque can be distributed evenly, and can be grouped in separate sections. In the event that the disease is in neglected form, the skin in the lesions can crack. If you touch the affected areas of the skin, a woman experiences severe pain. In addition, one of the earliest signs of thrush is the strongest itch in the perineal region. Especially strongly this itch pierces sick women at night. In addition, heat also greatly increases the itching, for example, when taking a bath or a hot shower. Also extremely painful feelings for a woman brings the most common process of urination - urine gets on the affected areas of the mucous membranes of the genital organs and corrodes them. Getting rid of thrush is not so difficult - modern pharmacology offers women such drugs that eliminate thrush in just one day. And, of course, treatment should be started as soon as possible. However, despite the fact that drugs for treatment of thrush are sold without a doctor's prescription, you should not buy them yourself. Many of them have a number of contraindications, therefore, only the attending physician should choose the appropriate one. Therefore, if a woman has noticed white discharge from the vagina, she should seek medical help as soon as possible.
Discharge from the vagina during sexual intercourse
Women's nature is such that at the moment whena woman experiences a feeling of sexual arousal, her vaginal glands work with a triple force, producing a huge amount of vaginal lubrication. That is why a huge number of vaginal secretions, both before and after sexual intercourse, is perfectly normal, and you should not worry about it at all. Very many women notice the following pattern. In the event that the sexual certificate or act has occurred without use of a condom, after it or him always vaginal allocation are very plentiful. This is due to the fact that the body in this way purifies the vagina from the seminal fluid. It's not worth worrying about this - this phenomenon will be very fast, about an hour. In the same case, if a woman after coitus has bloody vaginal discharge, this indicates that she most likely has cervical erosion. Such excretions also disappear quickly enough - literally in a few hours. But after the next sexual intercourse again resume. To eliminate them, you need to see a doctor - gynecologist for the treatment of erosion of the cervix. Discharge in the first trimester of pregnancy Of course, we can not not separately tell about this phenomenon, like vaginal discharge in pregnant women. Of course, all future mothers are extremely sensitive to their health, and vaginal discharge also often becomes another cause for concern. Conventional mucous transparent secretions that do not smell and do not cause discomfort in the genital area are a physiological norm and should not disturb a pregnant woman. But in the event that a pregnant woman has bloody discharge, this is an alarming signal that a malfunction has occurred in the pregnant woman's body. Typically, such discharge in the first trimester appear in the event that the rejection of the fetal egg begins. In order to avoid losing a child, a pregnant woman should be hospitalized as soon as possible in the gynecological ward, where the doctors will take all necessary measures to save the pregnancy. Late gestation In a pregnant woman in the second trimester, the consistency of the vaginal discharge changes - they become more viscous and dense than before. A similar phenomenon is considered a physiological norm - thus the woman's body is protected from the penetration of various pathogenic bacteria. After all, any infection can cause irreparable harm to the health of the unborn child. But in the event that allocation from the vagina of a pregnant woman will acquire a bloody tinge, it is worthwhile to be alerted and as soon as possible to apply to a medical institution. After all, such discharge may indicate a premature onset of labor, or an abruption of the placenta. In this case, in order to save the child, emergency care is needed for obstetricians and gynecologists. If the extracts are not abundant, and have a red and brown shade, there is probably no cause for particular concern. Very often, such secretions appear as a result of weak bleeding from the vessels located on the neck of the vessels of the uterus. However, nevertheless, during the next scheduled visit to the doctor - the gynecologist, the pregnant woman necessarily should inform him of similar vaginal discharge. We advise you to read: