Sooner or later, but the overwhelming majority of peoplethere is a desire to have children. However, alas, not all people are capable of fertilization, conception and the birth of a child. But do not despair - physiological infertility is not an excuse to give up the opportunity to hear "Mom and Dad", sounding in your address. A foster child can become your family if you so choose. In Russia, there are several types of transfer of a child to a new family: adoption, guardianship and others. This article will deal with a form such as the host family. A similar form of family education arose in Russia not so long ago - just over a decade ago. And very many people do not have enough information or do not know about it at all. But it is this form of upbringing of the adopted child that is most accessible to the average family. The conditions under which it is possible to take a child to a foster family are softer than with adoption. First of all, the guardianship agencies take into account the decency and trustworthiness of the family, its desire to have children, and only then are factors such as:
- The state of health of foster parents.
- The size of the wages of foster parents.
- The condition of housing conditions of foster parents.
For the emergence of a foster family, it is necessary that foster parents and local guardianship and trusteeship agencies conclude a contract for the transfer of the child to the family.
Foster Family Agreement
The contract is drawn up in a strictly established form. It specifies such nuances as:
- The period for which the child is transferred to foster care.
- Those conditions in which the child will live, learn and be educated.
- All those responsibilities that are placed on the shoulders of foster parents.
- All rights of foster parents.
- The duties that the guardianship and trusteeship bodies take in relation to the family that accepted the child's upbringing.
The contract is made in two copies andsigned by two parties - a representative of the guardianship and trusteeship agencies and one of the foster parents. One copy is kept in the guardianship authorities, the second is given to the foster family. The contract is valid for the entire term for which it is concluded. However, there are a number of specific cases in which the contract can be terminated prematurely. Such cases include:
- Serious illness
Disease of one of the foster parents, which does not allow to properly perform their duties in relation to the child.
- Change in the marital status of the foster family
In the event that spouses divorce, the contract onthe upbringing of the child in the foster family by the decision of the guardian council can be revoked. In case of divorce, the adoptive parents must notify the guardianship council about this fact within three days.
- Change in the financial situation of the family
Of course, with a slight changematerial situation for the worse, the guardianship and guardianship agencies will not insist on the removal of the child from the foster family. However, if the foster parents lost their jobs or housing, the tutor council will actually assess whether the foster parents can properly contain the minor child.
- Personal conflicts between adopted children and parents
Of course, the process of adaptation of the child in the waiting roomthe family very rarely runs smoothly, without any roughness. However, if the conflicts between the child and the adoptive parents arise regularly, are violent, the guardianship and trusteeship agencies may raise the issue of premature termination of the contract.
- Conflicts between children in foster care
All of the foregoing applies equally toconflicts between children in the family. If parents can not stabilize the psychological situation in the family and create a favorable microclimate, the contract can be terminated prematurely.
- Other adverse factors
The emergence of any other unfavorable factors interfering with the normal upbringing and development of the child in the foster family can also lead to the termination of the contract ahead of schedule.
- Return of the foster child to his biological parents
Very rarely, but still there are suchThe situation when people deprived of parental rights are restored in their rights with respect to the child. This happens if parents begin to lead a normal life, create conditions favorable for the child's life, and they manage to convince the court, the child can be returned to them. Accordingly, the contract with the foster family is terminated ahead of schedule.
- Adoption of adopted child
Parents accepting the child for upbringing inhis family, should be well aware of the fact that the foster family is not an adoption. And the child's data are in the common base of the children to be adopted. And it can happen that the adoptive son or daughter who has become your family will be attracted to some other married couple. And if they decide to adopt a child, the guardianship and trusteeship agencies will break the contract.
Government payments to the foster family
The state supports similar receptionfamilies. At the time when the foster family is being created, a one-time payment is made from the regional budget, in the amount of 10,000 rubles for each of the children. Such a payment is made only once. Further during the whole period of the contract, a certain amount is paid for the maintenance of each of the adopted children. The amount of payments is established by the administration of each Federal District of Russia. These funds are intended for purchase:
- Household goods
- Clothes and shoes
- For partial payment of utilities
In addition, all foster families,includes three and more children, both reception rooms and their own, are entitled to all those benefits that are provided for by Russian legislation for large families. The foster family must begin receiving payments as soon as the child is transferred to the upbringing.
Wages of foster parents
Another feature of the foster family is the fact that foster parents are paid for their work in raising a child. Its size varies and depends on such facts as:
- On how many children were taken to be raised in a family.
- From what is the health status of foster children.
To date, for two adopted childrenparents receive 4 minimum salaries, for three or more - 5 minimum salaries. In the event that the adopted child has not reached the age of three, or has any deviations in both mental and physical development, the wage rate of foster parents increases by another 30%.
Duties of foster parents
Making the decision to take upbringing in your familythe adoptive child, the parents should properly think things over and take this step only consciously, and not guided only by a rush of noble emotions. After all, it's not about any toys or things that you can put on a shelf as a useless thing. The first emotional impulse passes quickly, and the little man and you live side by side for a very long time, and perhaps all your life. Taking a child into the family, the parents take on a number of responsibilities. For example, the following:
- Engage in raising a child.
- Carefully monitor his health.
- To create a psychological atmosphere in the family that is favorable for the child.
- Monitor the learning process of the child.
- Protect the rights of the child and represent his interests, including in court.
However, as a rule, in the event that the parentslove their foster child, the fulfillment of these duties does not burden them. Otherwise, it is not worthwhile to start the whole epic with the creation of a foster family, otherwise this will turn into a headache and will bring nothing but disappointment.
Rights of foster parents
However, in addition to a number of duties, foster parents also have rights:
- Take care of foster child
Any married couple who meet certain requirements has the right to submit to the guardianship and trusteeship authorities an application for the desire to create a foster family.
- The right to personal education of a child
The rights to foster care are exactly suchThe same as the right to educate your own. No one has the right to indicate to adoptive parents on what scheme to bring up the baby and in what ways, unless this upbringing does not harm the physical condition and psychological health of the child.
- The right to receive cash benefits
As already mentioned, any such family has the right to receive a monthly allowance for each foster child.
- Right to benefits
There is a certain number of benefits that are put to any foster family. You can find out the list of these benefits in your guardianship and trusteeship body.
- The right to free medicine
Despite the fact that foster parents can notget a policy of compulsory health insurance for a child, medical care for these children is also free. The reception of poles should be taken care of by the guardianship and guardianship authorities.
- Right to pay
As already mentioned, all adoptive parents have the right to timely payment of their labor, in full.
- The right to benefits, which are stipulated by the pension and labor legislation
- The right to increase in the length of service
According to the Russian legislation, the total length of service includes the time during which the parents take care of the adopted children.
Rights of the adopted child
Children adopted for fostering in the foster family retain a number of rights, such as:
- The right to alimony
All children whose biological parents are deprived of parental rights retain the right to receive alimony, regardless of whether they are in foster care or not.
- Right to receive a social family
A child in foster care has the right to receive a disability pension or a survivor's pension.
- The right to use the living space
The adoptive child has the right to retain the right of ownership to the living space belonging to him or to the right to use it.
- The right to communicate with relatives
In the event that foster parents do not object, the child may meet periodically and communicate with his blood relatives and biological parents.
So, after reading this article, you gotas much as possible full information about this form of education of children left without parental care, like a similar family. Thoroughly weigh the pros and cons. And who knows, maybe it's this kind of family that will make you feel like a parent. And remember that it is not so important - the child is adopted, taken under guardianship, or taken to foster care. The most important thing that is necessary for a happy joint future and a happy tandem "Parents - the child" is your complete understanding of the child, readiness to accept it and, of course, the most important component of success is a huge and boundless love for the child! We advise you to read: