causes of rash in the child Every parent is undoubtedly calledanxiety any deviation in the child's health. One of the reasons for parents' anxiety are various skin rashes. Often the rash appears after a high temperature or together with it. Any rash that you are worried about should be indicated to the pediatrician. In some cases, you can not rush and within a few days calmly go to the doctor (if the rash itself does not pass). In other cases, this is deadly and the account is not for days, but for hours. In this matter it is necessary to understand and remember what to look for.

Banal Sweating

The safest rash that occurs afterstrong sweating of the body at elevated temperature, is a sweating. Sweating is irritation of the skin, which develops after sweating and insufficient sweat evaporation. It is often observed in infants and young children. Its development is facilitated by overheating and excessive wrapping of the child. Sweating is manifested as skin rashes in the form of small bubbles with a clear-watery content on the closed areas of the skin (arms, legs, back, neck, buttocks). Can cause the child to itch and anxiety. Treatment consists in taking air baths and water procedures with a light solution of potassium permanganate, decoctions of oak bark or alternating streaks. Reception of antihistamines in this case is inappropriate. For the prevention of urticaria, and to alleviate the patient's condition when the body temperature rises, adults must provide cool moist air in the room and do not wrap up the baby. If this is not done, the probability of sweating will be several times higher. examination by a pediatrician

Allergic reaction

At a high temperature, most parentsbegin to give antipyretics, and in some cases also other medications. Each of the components of these medicines can be an allergen specifically for your child and cause a rash. Also, you can not exclude contact allergy (you put something new on your child or put a bed clean with linen). An allergic rash appears quickly after contact with the allergen and represents a variety of itchy rashes on the skin. Often the allergy is accompanied by a strong cold. When the rash occurs, parents must necessarily analyze what they have given their child new in recent times (drugs, food, clothing) and, based on this, to conclude - whether the manifested rash can be an allergic reaction. Treatment consists in excluding the allergen from the child's environment (changing medicine, clothes, bed linen), taking sorbents (for faster removal of the allergen from the body) and taking antihistamines prescribed by the doctor. In case of suspicion of allergies, it is worth consulting with a doctor. with repeated manifestation of even the most insignificant allergy, serious complications can arise, in particular, Quincke's edema. Mosquito bites also cause a skin allergic reaction, and a large number of bites can sometimes be mistaken for a rash.

Viral diseases

Herpes 6 and 7 type This virus most oftencauses infectious disease in young children (usually up to the age of two), which is called sudden exanthema (roseola). Sometimes it is called pseudo-red. The disease begins with a high fever. There are no other symptoms. For 3-4 days from the onset of the disease, the temperature drops, and 9-20 hours after the temperature, a pinpoint pink rash appears. Eruptions are located throughout the body. After that, the temperature no longer rises. Very often, the rash is taken for the allergic reaction of the body to the antipyretic, which in the days when the temperature was high, the parents managed to give the child. However, the rash passes by itself for a couple of days without the use of any medications. With a roseolone, no special treatment is required, the disease is not dangerous and does not give any complications. Measles At the onset of the disease, fever rises, cough and runny nose are present. A rash in a child appears on the 3-4 day from the onset of the disease. Small red spots (which can merge, turning into large spots) appear on the head and face and, gradually sinking down, within a couple of days reach the feet. The disease is serious and quite hard to tolerate. In our country, due to vaccination, is rare. Rubella With rubella, the temperature and rash appear simultaneously, accompanied by symptoms of ARI and enlarged lymph nodes on the neck and occiput. The rash is small, pale pink. It spreads like from measles, from head to foot, but more quickly - for a couple of hours, and disappears in 3-4 days. Infectious is the child the day before the appearance of the rash and 5 days after. Particular attention should be paid to isolating pregnant women from a rubella patient due to the extremely unfavorable effect of the virus on the fetus (regardless of whether the woman becomes ill after contact with the patient or not). Chickenpox The appearance of the rash occurs against a background of fever and deterioration in overall health. The rash appears as red spots on the entire surface of the body. After a couple of hours these specks turn into bubbles filled with a colorless liquid, and begin to itch. On the second day the liquid in the vesicle grows turbid, and the pimple itself wrinkles, dries up and becomes covered with crust, which disappears after a week. Within 3-7 days, new pimples will appear on the baby's body. Infectious is the child the day before the onset of the disease, throughout the illness and 5 days after the appearance of the last of the fragments of the rash. Most easily this disease is tolerated by children under 12 years old, older children suffer it more severely, and for adults it poses a serious threat and often leads to complications. bacterial infections

Bacterial infections

Scarlet fever Infectious disease, with severethe body's reaction to erythrotoxin is a poisonous substance that some of the streptococcus bacteria produce. The onset of the disease is characterized by a sharp temperature jump to 39-40 ° C. In this case, the child may have a headache, nausea and, with swallowing, severe pain in the throat. If you look into the child's mouth in the first hours after the onset of the illness, you will see that the tongue is coated with a white coating. Later the tongue will turn out to be brilliant and bright red, and a white coating appears on the tonsils. By the end of the first day, a small pink rash appears. It covers the whole body and thickens in the skin folds. To the touch, the skin is dry and rough, like sandpaper, but reddish, with a lot of brighter red dots. Another characteristic feature of scarlet fever is that the area around the mouth (nasolabial triangle) remains clear of the rash and pale. A week after the disappearance of the rash begins a very strong peeling of the skin (especially on the palms) - it dies dead during the disease cells of the epidermis, the outer layer of the skin. With the timely treatment of scarlet fever with antibiotics, the outcome of the disease is safe, and in case of rejection of them - almost always severe complications. Quarantine of a child with scarlet fever (3 weeks from the onset of the disease) does not work so that the child does not infect anyone, but in order to not collide once again with bacteria of streptococcus, as long as the immunity has not yet recovered. this can lead to complications and allergic reactions. Meningococcal infection The most serious and deadly disease, with the disease, which accounts for the time until the appointment of treatment is not for days, but for hours - meningococcal meningitis. When ingested through the bloodstream, the infection enters the brain. There is such a form of meningococcal meningitis, when meningitis is infected with blood. Symptoms of this form of meningitis are:

  • high body temperature,
  • rash in the form of hemorrhages under the skin in the form of asterisks (there may be only a few elements), which, if you press it with your finger, does not disappear,
  • vomiting.

At a high body temperature, vomiting and rash in the form ofsubcutaneous hemorrhages (in the form of asterisks), which does not disappear when you press a finger on it, you need to urgently take the child to a medical facility. With timely treatment and use of antibiotics, the disease is treated and does not cause complications. Vaccination is used to prevent meningococcal infections.

Your actions upon detection

When a rash is found in your child's firstThe task is to analyze several past days to determine whether the rash is allergic. If it's an allergy, then eliminate the allergen. If you suspect a child has a meningococcal infection - call an ambulance immediately. If you are suspected of having an infectious disease, call your doctor at home (to prevent contamination of others in the transport and polyclinic) and isolate the child from the pregnant (until you make sure that the disease is not rubella). Before the doctor comes, you should not lubricate the rash with any medications, especially with colorants. All the same, the diagnosis of the disease and the appointment of treatment should be made by a doctor. Only he can determine: a viral disease in the child or bacterial, and if bacterial, then appoint a suitable antibiotic. To prevent some of the diseases described above, vaccination is carried out. Spend vaccination according to the vaccination schedule, strengthen the immunity of the child, try to avoid allergens and be healthy!