Human health is an important component of life. Therefore, the prevention of infectious diseases (diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria, viruses or protozoan fungi) is necessary.
How to protect your body from infection
First of all, prevention is an increaseimmunity of the human body. It is customary to distinguish innate immunity (inherited along with other genetic traits) and acquired immunity (formed as a result of transferred infectious diseases, as well as as a result of vaccination). Thus, prevention contributes to the strengthening of human health, which reduces the risk of infection with the infection. Classification of infectious diseases is as follows:
- intestinal infections (typhoid fever, hepatitis A, dysentery, cholera, salmonellosis, etc.);
- infections of the respiratory tract (chicken pox, influenza, tuberculosis, etc.);
- blood infections (typhus, etc.);
- infection of the outer integument (hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV infection, gonorrhea, syphilis, etc.).
Infectious diseases of the skin
Infections affecting the skin, there isa lot. For example, rubrophy stop and scabies. Mycosis is a so-called fungal lesion. Rubrophytia stop (one of the varieties of mycosis) is a fairly common disease characterized by damage to the skin and nails of the feet. Infection occurs from sick people when they are in direct contact with them or with objects they have touched. Sign of the disease is peeling of the skin in the spaces between the toes, on the feet. Later on the skin formed vesicles that transform into itchy, painful areas. Gradually, the skin normalizes, but the disease itself will not pass. If there is no proper treatment, the disease will develop into a chronic one and periodically remind you about yourself. Scabies is a less common disease, it is caused by an itch mite. The disease is transmitted in the process of contact with the infected and through the objects for which he was holding. The main sign is an unbearable itch (especially late in the evening). Remember, this disease spreads quite quickly and requires treatment. Along with this, pustular skin diseases characterized by inflammation of the hair follicle are common. Single inflammations have almost no effect on overall health, but increasing the temperature of the patient may require medical intervention. Prevention of infectious skin diseases is the observance of personal hygiene.
Respiratory tract infections
The most frequent disease isinfluenza, the main preventive measures: avoid temperature changes in the body, do not drink cold drinks (primarily from the refrigerator) in the hot season, try to keep your feet (keep them warm), avoid drafts, eat as many vitamins (support the body vitamins in the winter) and so on. Separately, we should talk about a more serious disease - tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease, the carriers of which are specific bacteria (Koch's stick). Once in the body, bacteria can be in it for the rest of his life. The main routes of infection are:
- aerogenic (airborne, airborne);
- food (when eating contaminated food);
- contact (through the objects to which the patient touched).
Preventive examinations include the formulation of the Mantoux reaction, fluorography. As preventive measures of infectious disease are:
- adherence to the diet, work and rest;
- frequent walks in the fresh air;
- smoking cessation, non-abuse of alcohol;
- observance of cleanliness in the room;
- hygiene products.
And remember: the earlier you find the disease, the less it will harm your body.
Distributors of intestinal infections areViruses and bacteria that negatively affect the work of the gastrointestinal tract. It is easiest to get sick in the summer. This is due to the fact that in summer a person drinks more water than in winter (as a rule, they drink unboiled tap water). People consume unwashed (or poorly washed) vegetables and fruits. Meat and dairy products and fish quickly deteriorate due to heat, with no visible external signs. The carriers of infections are insects. Signs of infection: general weakness, worsening appetite, unpleasant sensations in the stomach, headache. Preventive drugs: this is the maintenance of good immunity (remember, antibiotics reduce it) and proper nutrition (wash hands before eating, rinse thoroughly all vegetables and fruits before consumption, chew well, drink boiled or mineral water, before taking dairy products pay attention to the date manufacturing and shelf life).
Infections dangerous to the health of women (gynecological diseases)
STI, otherwise - sexually transmitted infectionsby way of, in our time a fairly frequent phenomenon. As a rule, infectious diseases are the result of illegible sexual relations, but a woman can get infected from her husband or by household means (a consequence of a strong stress reaction of the body to external irritants, non-observance of personal hygiene rules, etc.). Anomalous development of the reproductive system may become the cause of the disease. When using hormonal contraceptives in women, susceptibility to infections increases, especially to such as HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and herpes (a viral disease characterized by the formation of a group of vesicles on the skin and mucous membranes). The main symptoms of STIs are excessive discharge from the genital tract, accompanied by an unpleasant odor, burning and itching. The most frequent infectious diseases are vaginitis and candidiasis. Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina. It can be caused by infection or chemical irritation. To avoid vaginitis, the following preventive measures should be observed:
- wear panties only from natural cloth;
- avoid prolonged use of antibiotics;
- follow the rules of personal hygiene;
- if your partner is infected, you should avoid having sexual intercourse with him (until he is completely cured);
- Any form of sexual activity that creates discomfort in the vagina should be avoided.
Candidiasis (thrush) refers to an infectiousdisease, characterized by white cheesy discharge and severe itching. Most often this disease affects women with diabetes, HIV-infected, pregnant women, as well as women taking contraceptives or antibiotics. Genital herpes is another infectious disease that leads to serious complications for a woman's health. It can affect the development of the fetus, cause premature birth, congenital pathology in newborns and others. To protect themselves and the child, couples planning a pregnancy should be treated with herpetic infection. Remember: do not engage in self-medication, it is better to see a gynecologist. For a woman, prevention is considered an ideal visit to a gynecologist once or twice a year in cases of well-being and in the absence of complaints. In the end, it is worthwhile to dwell on the disease, such as HIV infection. The source of infection with HIV infection is an infected person or a virus carrier. The main ways of transmission of the disease:
- sexual contact with a casual partner;
- use of uninfected syringes and needles;
- from an HIV-infected mother to a child (during pregnancy, with breastfeeding);
- through damaged skin (for example, during a fight).
As preventive measures, you can specify:
- Elimination of early sexual relations (including illegible relationships);
- categorical refusal of narcotic drugs;
- a young couple planning a pregnancy should be tested for HIV (as prevention);
- ear piercing, tattoos, etc. should be done only in special institutions;
- use of personal items of personal hygiene.
Thus, the prevention of infectious diseaseshas a beneficial effect on human health. The state of the human body, its immune system, and also its physiological characteristics determine the susceptibility of the organism to infectious diseases. A person who leads a healthy lifestyle is less sick. Therefore, take care of your health, engage in active sports, try to eat right and watch the purity of your hands.