polyps in the uterus Recently, in the office of gynecologists, more and more oftenand more often begins to sound like a diagnosis, like the polyp of the uterus. And the more often with this pathology there are not only women who have reached 50 years, but also very young girls. What is this disease, how to treat it and what are the consequences for the woman's health? These and some other questions you can find the answer in this article. And we will begin with the fact that we will find out what is the polyp of the uterus. Doctors with this definition characterize the pathological modification and proliferation of endometrial tissues, mainly glandular. Also often polyps choose the place of their localization endocervix - the inner mucous membrane of the uterus. In all cases, without exception, the growth of polyps occurs against the background of the woman's chronic inflammatory processes that occur in the female's reproductive system. As already mentioned above, more recently, doctors believed that the proliferation of polyps is due to migraines or a difficult climacteric period. This misconception is related to the fact that the disease was diagnosed earlier only in women giving birth, or in those who have had or are just starting menopause. However, in recent years, such a point of view has been refuted by the doctors themselves gynecologists, and their multiple observations. Now more and more often polyps in the uterus are found not only in young women, but also in girls who are in adolescence, and even not yet that do not give birth, but do not even lead sex life. Either the newly appeared polyps in the uterus can be found in an elderly woman who has been in menopause for a very long time. According to the observations of doctors - gynecologists and the results of numerous studies, the most common reasons for the development of polyps in the uterus are:

  • Hormonal disorders that result from the disruption of the normal functioning of the endocrine system.
  • Chronic erosion of the cervix, especially true erosion.
  • Inflammatory processes of the sexual organs of women, especially chronic.

Typically, most often polyps are located either on the cervix, or in its cavity, usually in its upper and middle parts. Much less often, but sometimes polyps are localized at the bottom of the uterus.

Symptoms of polyps in the uterus

Of course, this disease, like the others,has certain symptoms. The most important sign on the basis of which a doctor can suspect a woman having polyps of the uterus is a profuse uterine bleeding, usually appearing a few days after the end of menstruation. In addition, if the polyps are localized on the cervix, a woman often experiences discomfort and even pain during sexual intercourse. And also after a sexual intercourse in such cases very often a woman can observe smearing spotting. But, nevertheless, it is impossible to be guided and diagnosed only on the basis of these symptoms. Before making a diagnosis, the doctor will conduct the most thorough examination of a woman. As a rule, diagnostics of uterine polyps does not represent any difficulty for the doctor-gynecologist. To diagnose polyps of the cervix, a simple gynecological examination with the help of special mirrors is enough. Polyps look like pinkish formations that hang from the cervix, like a bunch of grapes from a vine. In order to diagnose polyps that are in the uterine cavity, it is enough to conduct an ordinary ultrasound examination. By the way, on the cervix of the uterus, polyps can also be detected with ultrasound. If the doctor is embarrassed, he may prescribe additional research to the woman, for example, such as colposcopy, metrography or hysteroscopy. At colposcopy the doctor makes a full examination of the vagina with the help of a special light device. If a complete examination of the uterine cavity is performed, the procedure is called hysteroscopy. And in the same case, if an x-ray examination of the uterine cavity is carried out, it is called metrography. For additional diagnosis of the disease, diagnostic scraping of the uterine cavity can be performed. The doctor will send the contents of the uterus to the laboratory for histological examination, with the help of which the laboratory doctor will determine whether the tumor is malignant. polyps in the uterus treatment

Treatment of uterine polyps

Both glandular and glandular cystic polypsneck and body of the uterus are only benign neoplasms, so they do not represent an immediate danger to the health of women. However, remember that persistent bleeding with a very high probability leads to the development of iron deficiency anemia, a constant sense of discomfort. In addition, however, the doctors regard the polyps of the uterus as a precancerous disease of the uterus. Therefore, this disease in no case is unacceptable to leave without treatment. Polyps must be removed without fail. However, many women are afraid of panic. And the most frequently asked question to doctors concerns the possibility of a woman suffering from polyps in the uterus, conceiving, bearing and giving birth to a healthy baby. One of the women says that it is necessary to get pregnant and give birth before the operation to remove the polyps in the uterus, and someone thinks that it is possible to do this only if the polyps have already been eliminated. Who of them is right? Doctors say the following about this. Given that one of the main reasons for the development of polyps in the uterus is a violation in the body of a woman's normal hormonal background. Accordingly, polyps can serve as a kind of signal that with the conception of the child and his subsequent bearing can be certain problems. You understand that it is much more reasonable to get rid of a polyp, to be examined for the presence of a violation of the hormonal background. If such violations are found, the woman will need to undergo the appropriate treatment. And only after this it is necessary to plan the birth of a child. But if pregnancy, albeit unplanned, is still there, panic and despair is not worth it - even the largest polyp does not represent any danger to the child. In such cases, polyps are not treated until the baby is born. Although sometimes there are certain exceptions to this rule. In the event that the doctor deems it necessary, he can remove polyps from the cervix in a woman who is in early pregnancy. Those women who previously had polyps, in no case should forget about this disease, since it has the property of repeating itself. It is necessary to undergo regular preventive examination at the gynecologist, especially the first few years after childbirth, as pregnancy and childbirth are often a catalyst for the recurrence of the disease. Typically, for the treatment of cervical polyps and the uterus, doctors use surgical intervention and subsequent drug therapy. Especially large polyps larger than two centimeters in diameter are removed as follows: the polyp itself is twisted, and its pedicle at the base is burned by electric current. In the event that the polyp being removed is located in the uterine cavity, after its removal, the whole uterine cavity is cleaned, in order to exclude the possibility that small polyps will remain. A few days after the removal of polyps, a repeated examination of the uterus is necessary. In the event that polyps appear again, they will be deleted again. And, in addition, the woman will be assigned a special course of treatment with hormone-containing drugs. We advise you to read: