Every woman wants to be the most-most. The most beautiful, the most elegant and the most attractive. But, alas, sometimes on the way to her dream there are a variety of obstacles, such as, for example, pigment spots on the face and body. But do not rush to let go, for it is not without reason that folk wisdom says that if a woman does not become beautiful by the age of thirty, then she is either stupid or lazy. Your beauty is in your hands, dear women. Pigmented spots, as a rule, are typically a female problem. And many representatives of the fair sex mistakenly believe that the appearance of spots is associated with the skin condition, so in the fight against age spots only cosmetic products are used. However, the causes of the appearance of pigment spots are not so little, and most of them are directly connected with the state of the woman's organism in the most direct way.
Causes of pigment spots
First of all, let's figure out whatrepresent these pigment spots and from where they appear on our bodies and faces. You have probably heard that in the deep and outer layers of the epidermis there is a special substance - melanin, which is responsible for the pigmentation of the skin. Sometimes, under the influence of various factors, the amount of melanin increases dramatically, which provokes the appearance of spots on the skin. If the accumulation of melanin on the skin is not too large, then the specks turn out to be light yellow in color and do not attract special attention to themselves. For example, freckles are also pigmented spots, and many like them very much. To the same superficial pigment spots are sun lentigo, nevi (benign neoplasms in the form of moles). But sometimes melanin is deposited in large quantities in the deep layers of the epidermis, as a result of the appearance on the surface of the skin spots of dark brown color. Moreover, these pigment spots can slightly rise above the skin level, which does not adorn their hostess at all. If you have a tendency to pigmentation, then the first thing you need to understand is the reasons why the amount of melanin is growing. So you can avoid unpleasant consequences on the face and body. Sun rays What, the most common cause of the sharp activation of melanin in the skin is the action of direct sunlight. For any person who is not prone to this kind of blemishes, melanin is more of a friend, not an enemy. After all, the main function of this substance is to protect the skin from the dangerous effects of ultraviolet rays. Despite the fact that we all love to sunbathe, and the bright sun gives us such a health vitamin D, it has long been known that direct sunlight carries a serious health hazard. Surely you noticed that girls with light skin are quite dangerous to sunbathe in the bright sun without special protection, since there is a great chance to burn. So, the melanin struggles to protect the upper layers of the epidermis from sunburn. How he does it? Stains light areas in a darker color. So, by the way, and turns out a tan. Just in ordinary people, pigmentation occurs evenly, in people who are prone to increased pigmentation, staining occurs in spots. As a result, instead of a beautiful bronze skin tone, we see the appearance of unattractive spots on the face and body. If you know that your skin is prone to pigmentation, then try to be less exposed to direct sunlight without special protection. Apply to the skin a special cream with SPF-protection, and not only in summer, but in other seasons. Even in the winter under the rays of the bright sun you can provoke a sharp increase in melanin in the skin, so do not take chances. You can monitor the condition of your skin and avoid the appearance of pigment spots yourself; all that is necessary to do this is to show a little more concern for one's own health. Although for some women, sunscreen products are a kind of "double-edged sword". Sometimes after the application of sunscreens, pigmentation can greatly increase. And this is due to the fact that the skin simply does not take the chemical composition of the cosmetic. Doctors in these cases recommend immediately, as soon as you notice the first signs of pigmentation, start using skin-bleaching agents. In the summer, do not go out without a hat covering your face. It can be a panama, a cap or a broad-brimmed hat. If spots appear all over the body, then you should not walk with open areas of the body - choose clothes that cover the skin. Believe me, in hot weather you can look stylish, without exposing your hands and feet. Choose clothes from light, breathable materials, in which you will be comfortable and comfortable. Diseases, as well as changes in metabolism We bring to your attention a list of diseases that provoke a more active production of melanin in the skin and are the cause of the appearance of pigment spots on the face and body.
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Doctors have long established that the skin condition directly depends on the state of the human gastrointestinal tract. And most often red spots on the face appear in those women who suffer from these or other diseases of the intestine.
- Skin contact with various chemicals. Very often, the appearance of pigment spots is due to the use of some perfumes and cosmetics, especially when they are abused. Most often, such a result leads to those cosmetic products, which include all kinds of essential oils. Incidentally, the cause of the appearance of age spots can be associated with improper cleaning of the face with the use of abrasive cosmetics - various scrubs and peelings.
- Diseases of the kidneys, liver and gallbladder.
- Lack of vitamins in the body of a woman.
Sometimes some women appear on the facepigment spots during pregnancy. This type of stains doctors call chloasma. Chlazmy are spots with uneven edges, which have a very dark color. And if the pregnancy falls on the spring months, in addition to the pigmentation spots in the future mother appear cute freckles. Doctors advise future mothers not to take any action aimed at eliminating pigment spots. In almost ninety percent of all cases, all the pigmented spots disappear by themselves, without outside interference, about a month and a half after the baby is born. In addition, if you carefully consider the pigmented spot, you can understand the cause of its appearance. For example, if there is a wide patch of yellowish color on the forehead with a rim, then this may indicate a possible disorder of the nervous system. If there are hardly noticeable spots on the cheeks and neck that do not have clear boundaries, then this may indicate problems with the liver. Dark brown spots in the mouth and chin can be a sign of a malfunction in the gastrointestinal tract. As a result of one or more of the above factors, melanin in the skin is distributed unevenly. The skin acquires a non-uniform shade - red and brown spots on the face and body are allocated. As a rule, pigmented spots in themselves do not pose a direct threat to human health, except in those cases in which the appearance of age spots is a consequence of a serious malfunction of the internal organs. And in this case, pigment spots are just a manifestation of the disease. As a rule, women who have already reached the age of forty, but not young girls, are more likely to encounter increased pigmentation. Doctors explain this feature by the fact that in a more mature age the human body begins to produce much more pigment, but does not evenly distribute. Yes, and hormonal restructuring, taking place in the body of an adult woman, also significantly complicates the situation.
Getting rid of age spots
In the same case, if pigmented spots are annoyingvery strongly, there are several fairly effective ways to get rid of them. Still more recently removal of stains was ineffective, since this problem was considered purely cosmetic and was solved with the help of bleaching creams and pastes. Now you can, if not remove, then brighten the pigment spots so that they will be almost invisible on the skin. However, do not forget that if the cause of the appearance of these spots is associated with various diseases, then you will not get rid of the problem until you correct the health situation. So, the most common methods for getting rid of pigment spots are the following methods: Peelings There are several types of bleaching peelings, but they all have the same principle of action: the surface layer of the skin is removed, resulting in an intensified regeneration process. As a result, the skin becomes much lighter and more uniform. There are three types of peeling:
- Laser. At the moment, this type of peeling is the safest and most effective, as it really solves the problem of skin polishing and causes minimal damage to the epidermis. The laser penetrates the skin and evaporates the moisture that is in it. As a result, old skin cells die, new, healthy, without pigment disorders appear in their place.
- Ultrasonic. This is a less effective way to get rid of pigment spots, but it is perfect for those women who have these spots only slightly visible. The ultrasonic wave affects only the upper layer of the epidermis, creating the effect of micromassage in the dermis and improving blood circulation.
- Chemical. This is one of the most dangerous and outdated types of peeling. Its essence is that special substances containing acids are applied to the skin, which corrode the upper layer of the epidermis together with the pigmented spot. This is a rather unpleasant and painful procedure, which has many contraindications. As a result of chemical peeling, the spots become lighter with each procedure, but it is often not recommended to do it repeatedly.
Despite the popularity of peelings as a means ofgetting rid of pigment spots, it should be remembered that they all have many contraindications. Common for each of the procedures are the presence of abscesses, paralysis of the facial nerve, infectious and chronic diseases. That's why, before you sign up for the procedure, you need to consult a beautician. Recipes of traditional medicine In order to get rid of age spots, it is not always worthwhile to resort to expensive cosmetic preparations. With the same success can be used juice of plants such as grapefruit, lemon, cucumber, sauerkraut, radish. To bleach spots in the juice of one of the plants, moisten the gauze and put it on the area of pigment spots for about ten minutes. After this, the face must be rinsed with clean, cold water, wipe off and greased with some moisturizer. The procedure should be carried out twice a day - in the morning and in the evening, for ten days. After this, it is mandatory to do at least a week's break. The yeast mask also helps very quickly to reduce pigmentation spots to a minimum. Ten grams of yeast and one tablespoon of lemon juice carefully mix, dilute with water to the state of the paste. Apply the resulting mixture to the pigment spots, cover with gauze on top and leave for half an hour. After this, rinse your face with cool water and apply any moisturizing cream. The course of treatment is ten days. A normal curd can become a good assistant in the struggle for clean skin. Prepare the following mixture: one tablespoon of curd, ten drops of ammonia and five drops of hydrogen peroxide mix thoroughly and apply to the area of pigmented spots. The solution should be left for about fifteen minutes. After this, it is necessary to wash off with water. Perfectly helps to fight with pigment spots lemon juice. Two tablespoons of freshly squeezed lemon juice should be mixed with two tablespoons of 3% hydrogen peroxide. The resulting mixture is applied to gauze, put on a problem place and keep for fifteen minutes. After the procedure, it is necessary to thoroughly wash the skin with warm water, after which apply a moisturizer. Calendula will not only help whiten pigmentation spots, but also get rid of annoying pimples and acne. You can simply squeeze the juice from the leaves and flowers of this plant and apply to the skin, or you can prepare a mixture of herbs that enhance the effect. To do this, take a teaspoon of calendula juice and half a teaspoon of the juice of viburnum and lemon. Mix the ingredients, rub the mixture with the mixture two to three times a day. The next mask for getting rid of pigment spots is called "Cleopatra". To prepare it, mix in equal proportions sour cream, cosmetic clay, lemon juice and honey (make sure that you have allergic reactions to honey). Apply the mask to your face and keep it for fifteen to twenty minutes, then rinse first with warm water and then with cool water. Do not forget to put moisturizing cream on the skin after the procedure. Perfectly copes with the problem of pigmentation on the skin white cosmetic clay. Dissolve the clay with warm drinking water to the consistency of thick sour cream and apply to the skin for fifteen minutes. If you are the owner of dry skin of the face, then you can dilute the clay with cream. Another wonderful folk recipe for getting rid of pigment spots is a mask made of honey and fish oil. We take in equal proportions the ingredients (fish oil can be bought in any pharmacy), mix well and apply to problem areas of the skin. The beauty of this mask is that it is suitable for any skin type, for any age. It not only relieves pigment spots, but also smoothes the skin, hiding wrinkles, and also improves the complexion. If you do not have allergies to mask components, then you have every chance to be transformed and rejuvenated for several years. Note the fact that all skin whitening procedures are preferably carried out overnight. This is explained very simply - after bleaching, you must not allow sunlight to get on your skin. Otherwise, the situation will only worsen. And more - it is not necessary to try to independently deduce or remove pigmentary maculae on the face which cause of occurrence to you is not known. In this case it is much more reasonable to see a doctor! We advise you to read: