How to get rid of a nervous tic - this questionbecomes very popular. With this phenomenon in recent years, there is an increasing number of children more and more often. What is a nervous tic? The nervous tic is a disease that is of a neurological nature. By the way, nervous tic takes a leading place among neurological disorders. Most often with a nervous tic, children 6 to 10 years old face. Transistor or, as they are called, transient nerve tics occur in about three out of ten children. Statistics show that boys are five times more likely to experience this phenomenon than girls. Many parents are very much frightened when faced with a nervous tic. In order to understand how to deal with nervous tics, you need to know exactly what it is and what is caused. Doctors give the following definition to such a phenomenon as a nervous tic: it is an involuntary arising and repeatedly during a short period of time a repeated movement or some sound. For example, jerking of cheeks or eyebrows, muscle tension of the face, compression of the lips. Voice tics are manifested by rhythmic snuffling, screaming, noisy sighs or sobs. All tics are divided into certain subgroups:
In addition, all without exception nervous ticschildren are divided into simple and complex. With simple forms of a tick, only one group of muscles participates in it, for example, mimic or gastrocnemius. And a nervous tic can manifest itself not only by a simple twitching of the cheek or eyebrow, but even by bouncing or squatting. All nervous tics are either transitory, that is, temporary, lasting not more than one year. But in the event that tics appear regularly for 12 or more months - doctors talk about chronic nerve tics.
Nervous tick or ...?
Very often parents confuse a nervous tic with such aphenomenon, like obsessive movements. So, for example, it is often possible to hear complaints of parents that the child, barely getting rid of the habit of continually blinking, starts gnawing his nails. Other parents complain that their child began to constantly twist a lock on a finger or ten times in a row to check whether the light is switched off or the door is locked. So - these actions have nothing to do with nervous tics, but rather they refer to the so-called obsessive movements. This problem must be solved jointly with children's psychologists. However, if you have any doubts, a neurologist's consultation will not bring any harm to your child.
Distinguishing signs of nervous tics in children
The nervous tics have certaindistinctive features that can help observant parents notice the presence of a problem. As you remember, a nervous tic is a consequence of involuntary contractions of a certain group of muscles. But, nevertheless, if a child is asked and he tries very hard, then a weak tick can be stopped by effort of will and control over the muscles. As a result, the child stops blinking continuously, snoring or shrugging his shoulders. In addition, the nervous tick has the feature of migrating, changing its location. So, for example, a baby can twitch one eye in one day, the other - a cheek, and the third day - the muscles of the shoulder girdle. Many parents mistakenly accept every new location of the nervous tic for a newly started independent disease. However, in fact, this is not so. Migration is just repeated attacks of the same disease.
The severity of the disease and the causes that cause it
How strongly pronounced the nervous tic dependsfrom many factors, for example, from the time of the year, the time of day, the psychoemotional state of the child at the time of the onset of the disease and others. So, for example, a child who has spent a lot of time playing computer games or watching television shows, the psychoemotional state is most often unstable. And it is only natural that the risk of nerve tic is much higher, and the degree of its expression will be brighter. Emotions such as anger, resentment, embarrassment, and even joy also increase the frequency of the occurrence of nerve tics and increase their flow. But at a time when a toddler is busy with some exciting activity that requires maximum concentration of attention from him, for example, during a game or reading an interesting book, a nervous tic can significantly reduce the intensity of nerve ticks until they disappear completely . However, it is worth the child to finish his fascinating occupation, as the tick immediately returns to normal. Of course, that parents of children suffering from attacks of nervous tics, first of all ask doctors - neuropathologists the question of what is the cause of the appearance of a nervous tic. However, even the modern medicine is unable to give an unambiguous answer to this question. Nevertheless, doctors still identify several factors in which children are at risk of developing a nervous tic. It is about them that will be discussed below. So, nervous tic - reasons:
- Genetic factor.
Genetic predisposition in development ofchild of nervous tics plays far from the last role. So, for example, if the mother or father of a child in childhood also suffered from attacks of a nervous tic, their child has a very large chance of falling into a snare of a nervous tic.
- Disorders of the central nervous system.
Often with a nervous tic, those children,who suffer from a syndrome of hyperactivity, attention deficit, minimal brain dysfunction. Doctors - neurologists are aware of a similar feature of this group of kids and know how to help such a child.
- Stressful state of the child.
In the event that the child has experienced a nervousshock, or he is in a state of chronic stress, the risk of a nerve tic is about 80%. Stressful environment can be caused by various circumstances - an unfavorable microclimate in the family, illness or death of relatives, the emergence of new family members and much more.
- Beginning of school.
In children's neurologists there is such a thing,as a "tick of September 1". This nervous tic is caused by those stresses that inevitably lead to adaptation to school conditions, especially among first-graders. Strictly speaking, this kind of nerve tics is also a tick caused by a child's stressful condition.
Most often children's neurological doctors hear fromparents complain of such a variety of diseases as a nervous eye tick in children. However, most often, blinking is not a nervous tic. It occurs as a consequence of the child's conjunctivitis, or even its consequence. The child experiences unpleasant sensations in the eyes and constantly involuntarily blinks, trying to eliminate them.
- Influence of external factors.
Sometimes the cause of nerve ticksunexpected factors become unexpected. For example, a turtleneck with a tight neck can become the culprit of the motor species of a nervous tic. The child, trying to free himself from the feeling of pressure on the neck, will constantly rotate his head. And even after the turtleneck is removed, the tick will chase the crumb for some time.
Perception of nervous tic by kids
One should also not mention the reaction of the children themselveson such ailment as a nervous tic. As a rule, the vast majority of kids perfectly coexist with their nervous tics, not thinking about why they arise, and without giving this fact any significance, unlike overly shy parents. Yes, and the surrounding baby with a nervous tick, children, as a rule, do not pay absolutely no attention to this feature of their comrade. By the way, very often those parents, whose children are faced with a nervous tic, accuse themselves of this. Many mothers and dads for a long time harass themselves with doubts and reproaches: if I had not scolded, if I had not refused, if I had bought and so on, and so on. Of course, stressful experiences and nervous shocks contribute to the launch of the mechanism of nervous tics and its further development, and many other problems may well provoke - so do not once again injure the neo-nerve system of the child. However, I blame myself for the fact that the baby has developed a nervous tic, also it is not necessary - after all, without a predisposition to this disease, a nervous tic will not appear anyway.
How should parents behave?
What should the parents of those children who are faced with such a problem as a nervous tic have in mind? Doctors - neurologists and child psychologists give parents a number of specific recommendations:
- Do not focus on the existing problem.
Do not constantly remind the child of hisailment, even accidentally, in conversation with adults. Doctors have proved that the more you talk about a nervous tic in the presence of a child, the more often you will experience seizures and the more pronounced they will be.
- Do not put pressure on the child.
Very many parents make the same,very widespread, error. They Ask and even order the child: "Do not get drunk," "do not jerk," "do not blink." However, such a measure not only will not bring any benefit, but rather greatly exacerbate the situation, having the most opposite effect - increased snuffle and blinking. And the child does this not at all to annoy his parents, just constant cries and pullings cause the crumb unconsciously, involuntarily to get stuck on a nervous tic. As a result, even a mildly expressed nervous tic can take a rather severe course, which will require a serious and prolonged drug treatment.
- In good time, seek medical help.
Required for the first symptoms of appearanceNerve tics parents should, without delay, seek medical help. However, unfortunately, very many parents do not do this, because they consider a nervous tic not an independent disease, but just a bad habit, otherwise the child would not know how to stop a nervous tic. Most likely, parents come to this conclusion on the grounds that the child by force of will for some time is able to restrain the attack of a nervous tic. And as a result, the child receives the necessary medical care only when the illness takes an already started stage. And in fact, if nervous tic in children, treatment should be started as early as possible in order not to start the disease.
- Create a comfortable psychological environment for the child.
Of course, to go with the child in everything andindulging all his whims - not the best way out. However, parents are simply obligated to create a favorable psychological climate for the child - there is no need to discuss serious problems for the child, because often the child understands much more than adults think. Do not negatively speak about his friends, and even more so to find out the relationship with the child, even if you do it in a completely calm tone and with icy calmness.
- Limit the time of watching TV and working on the computer.
In order to reduce psycho-emotionalstress, and at the same time to protect the eyesight of the child, try to maximally limit the time watching TV and working with the computer. It is much more reasonable to organize the regime of the child's day in such a way that the baby spends as much time as possible in the open air, and not in a stuffy room.
Treatment of nerve tics
So we came to the final question: a nervous tic - how to treat? In very many cases transient (temporary) nerve tics in children disappear by themselves, without any serious intervention by a neurologist. However, although it is rare enough, nevertheless, doctors are faced with cases when the temporary tics smoothly flow into the chronic, hitting more and more different muscle groups. Doctors call similar tics generalized. Most often, no special treatment is required for children's tics. Parents should only follow those simple rules and recommendations that have already been mentioned above. As a rule, the correct organization of the child's day regimen and the surrounding microclimate very quickly help to forget about such a problem as a nervous tic. However, in particularly difficult cases, when "little blood" to get rid of a nervous tic in a child for some reason does not work, doctors are forced to resort to medical treatment. Taking into account the age, weight of the child, the features of the course of the disease, the doctor will choose a suitable medicine for a nervous tic. Parents should not categorically abandon it, because if a child has a complicated nervous tic, the treatment should be serious. Tablets from a nervous tic will not bring the child's body any harm. Sometimes from a nervous tic very quickly there is no trace, just two or three weeks - and the child completely forgets about such a problem as a nervous tic. However, unfortunately, sometimes doctors have to observe quite the opposite picture - the treatment is moving slowly enough and requires constant attention and control from the mother. And here comes to mind Carlson's favorite saying: "Calm, only calm!" Otherwise, the child's illness will not disappear, and parents themselves risk getting a nervous tic! We advise you to read: