cervical erosion Erosion of the cervix is ​​familiar to many women notby hearsay. Statistics argue that with this disease at least once in a lifetime faced every second lady, who is in childbearing age. Erosion is the appearance on the epithelium of the cervix of the wound. In most patients, this pathology does not show any symptoms and is found during the next examination by a gynecologist. Occasionally, women who have been diagnosed with erosion of the cervix feel uncomfortable during intercourse and complain of a recurring weak pulling pain in the lower abdomen. The wound on the surface of the cervix itself rarely heals and, if left untreated, threatens to develop into cancer. That is why it is so important to detect and treat this disease in time. cauterization of laser erosion

Indications for moxibustion: the beginning of the operation

Cauterization of cervical erosion is now consideredThe most effective treatment for this common female ailment. But it is possible only if the woman has not found any accompanying pathologies in addition to erosion. Before assigning his patient to moxibustion, the doctor should examine her vagina and cervix using a colposcope device, and also take a woman for biopsy and cytology. The procedure of cauterization is possible if the cervical canal in the patient is in a normal state and it does not reveal such serious diseases as dysplasia in neglected state or cervical cancer. Women, who have been found to have pathological processes in the cervix, often worry about the question of how to cauterize erosion. The moxibustion procedure is performed in women's clinics, now it is carried out in private clinics. The patient is located in the gynecological chair during the operation and is in exactly the same position as in the gynecological examination. The doctor introduces into her vagina a special expander, with which you can see the entire cervix. After cleansing the female genital area with a swab, the gynecologist examines the cervix using a colposcope and discovers defects that need to be burned. After examining the cervix, the doctor makes the woman anesthetic and starts the operation. treatment of erosion by radio waves

Elimination of electric shock by erosion

Of all the current methods of treatmentthis ailment is the oldest and most accessible is diathermocoagulation, or cauterization, pathology with the help of high-frequency current. A method similar to this one was used in the 18th century. Then the healers used a cauterizing instrument, reminiscent of a soldering iron. Now little has changed. The apparatus for diathermocoagulation is in any female consultation, therefore this type of treatment is most often prescribed to its patients by gynecologists. Electric current cauterizes the erosion, then in its place appears wound, which after a certain time is covered with healthy epithelium. It happens that one procedure can not completely cope with the pathology, in this case, a woman is prescribed a repeat operation. Cauterization of cervical erosion by electric current is carried out in the second half of the monthly cycle. The procedure lasts about a quarter of an hour. A few hours after her, the woman is allowed to go home. During the operation, not only the pathology site but also the healthy epithelium around it is affected by the electric current. The wound resulting from diathermocoagulation can heal up to 2 months. All this time the patient is contraindicated in sexual life. A woman must comply with all the rules of hygiene, give up alcohol and cigarettes, avoid lifting weights. In order for the wound to heal faster after cauterization, doctors prescribe additional medication for their patients. Cauterization of erosion by electric current has many negative sides. The process itself is extremely painful and is conducted under local, and sometimes general, anesthesia. After diathermocoagulation, a woman can get clear or bloody discharge from the vagina for a month, pain in her lower back, and general weakness. As a result of moxibustion on the mucous membrane of the cervix, scars form, which in the future can make it impossible to fully open it during labor. Because of this, the method of diathermocoagulation is contraindicated to young nulliparous women. The negative consequences of this method of treatment are a high risk of bleeding and the possibility of developing cervical endometriosis. With erosion of the cervix, cauterization with a current gives an efficiency of 92%. Relapses of the disease occur in 3-14% of cases. cauterization with liquid nitrogen

Cauterization with liquid nitrogen

Some women's consultations began graduallyto abandon the painful and unsafe method of treating erosion by high-frequency current, replacing it with a safer cryodestruction, during which pathology is burned with liquid nitrogen. This process is more like a frost - the wound on the surface of the epithelium is frozen, after which there is not even a scar left from it. Cryodestruction can be performed in women of all age categories, including those of young nulliparous girls. Cauterization with nitrogen is not prescribed to patients who have severe ruptures or other cervical deformities. The procedure is suitable for the treatment of small erosions (up to 3 cm in diameter), the removal of larger areas with pathologies is performed in other ways. Cauterization of cervical erosion with nitrogen is usually done without anesthesia. However, this method of treatment can not be called completely painless - a woman during surgery can feel strong cramps in the uterus. Cryodestruction is performed in the first days after the end of menstruation. The risk of severe bleeding during and after the procedure exists, but it is minimal. After this kind of cauterization, most women may have a hydrodripe for a while - copious, transparent discharge from the vagina. To completely restore the mucous membrane of the cervix, women who underwent cryodestruction are forbidden to have sex at least a month after it. The effectiveness of the method is 90%, every tenth woman can not remove erosion after one procedure and cryodestruction has to be repeated again.

Treatment of laser erosion

In most countries of the world, erosion of the cervixget rid of using the method of laser destruction. Cauterization with a laser allows you to pinpoint the pathology without compromising the healthy epithelium. Treatment of erosion of the cervix with a laser has an efficiency of 98%, relapses occur extremely rarely. If cryodestruction is allowed only in the presence of small lesions, then laser cauterization is acceptable in the treatment of extensive erosion (from 3 cm or more). The method is used to treat both delivering and not giving birth to patients, after it there is no scarring. Laser destruction is carried out under local anesthesia - a doctor with a syringe with a very thin needle splits the cervix with an anesthetic. Often after moxibustion, women develop bleeding, therefore, for a quick recovery of the mucous, experts recommend that patients refuse for a month from sexual intimacy and do not use tampons. In order to reduce the risk of infection, women are forbidden to visit swimming pools and saunas, swim in rivers, and take baths. Laser destruction refers to sparing methods of treating cervical erosion, but equipment for this operation is today mainly in private clinics.

Radio waves - a new word in the treatment of erosion

New methods to combat erosionradio wave mode of treatment of this disease. In Russia cauterization of erosion by radio waves is practically not carried out, since for this operation a special device of American manufacture "Surgitron" is needed. The radio waves produced by this device are treated with epithelium damaged by erosion of tissues. The advantage of the method lies in the painlessness of the procedure and the short term of recovery of the cervical cells. The operation is performed without concomitant bleeding and trauma to a healthy epithelium located next to the pathology. In diseases of the cervix, treatment with radio waves does not turn wounds into scars, so the method is shown to all women of childbearing age. Contraindications to the use of radio wave surgery - the presence of a pacemaker in the woman, inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs. In all other cases, radio waves are considered harmless and are not capable of harming the female body. After the procedure, from a woman's vagina for a short period of time, scant excretions with an admixture of blood can go out. Sometimes patients complain of pain resembling menstrual pain. However, these symptoms go through a few days after the removal of erosion by radio waves. A woman should refrain from intimacy 10 days, during which the uterine mucosa should be fully restored. In addition to cauterization of erosion, the "Surgitron" device is used to treat a number of other cervical diseases. Radio wave treatment is today considered to be the most effective and safe method. Its only disadvantage is the high cost. The question of which method of cauterizing cervical erosion is prescribed to a woman is decided by her physician. At the same time, he takes into account the age of his patient, her desire to give birth in the future to the child, the presence of concomitant diseases. It is very important that the woman does not pull with the treatment of her illness, did not engage in self-medication and remembered that timely cauterization can save her from a very terrible disease - cervical cancer.