About their breasts, of course, they constantly thinkalmost all women. However, their thoughts do not always touch upon really important questions concerning the health of the mammary glands. Much more often a woman worried about the shape and size of her breasts. However, such a disregard for your health can be too expensive. Every second woman experienced at least once in her life painful sensations and discomfort in the mammary glands: painful engorgement, especially before menstruation, any seizures or even incomprehensible discharge from the nipples, not associated with breastfeeding. And very often even in this case, women do not attach special importance to their condition. And in vain - all this is a symptom indicative of this or that disease of the mammary glands, which can progress and take chronic forms, most negatively affecting the overall health of a woman and even creating a threat to her life. Before telling about the main diseases of the mammary glands, you should refresh the memory of the readers and briefly talk about the structure of the female breast. Breast cells are grouped into lobules. Each lobule of the mammary gland ends with a milky duct. All lobules create about 20 segments that have the main milk duct, which takes the milk out. The structure and condition of the mammary glands is affected by a huge number of factors. Among the main ones can be identified: the general health of women, the phase of the menstrual cycle, the state of the hormonal system, nutrition, the emotional state of women.
The leading place among all diseases of dairyglands takes mastopathy. This disease has become so widespread that most women simply do not give it the proper value, carelessly believing that it will pass by itself. And really - is it worth worrying about this? Doctors - mammalogy answer this question unequivocally: definitely worth it! The main danger of this disease is the fact that against a background of mastitis very often develop benign tumors. And where there are benign, and to malignant tumors, alas, it's a stone's throw away. Statistics show that women suffering from mastopathy, especially in the chronic form of the disease, are five times more likely to develop breast cancer. But it is the malignant neoplasms of the mammary glands that are the main causative female mortality from cancers in Russia. Very often, the only symptom in which a doctor can suspect a woman's mastopathy is diffuse seals and tumor nodes that are palpable in a breast examination, which can have very different sizes. Women themselves, as a rule, do not note the special anxiety caused by these seals. Most often they make themselves felt, becoming painful or just sensitive, only a few days before and after menstruation, after which they again disappear until the next month. In particularly neglected cases, tenderness in the mammary glands can persist throughout the menstrual cycle - then increasing or decreasing. Seals in the mammary glands can have both a soft and dense consistency, depending on the severity of the disease. Pain sensations can be localized both exclusively in the mammary gland, and irradiate to the axillary region, or even the back. Often a woman may feel painful as a result of osteochondrosis or muscle pain. Also, with mastopathy, in addition to seals and pain sensations in the mammary glands, a woman may have a discharge of a different color from her nipples.
Varieties of benign breast tumors
On the second place in frequency of occurrenceDiseases of the breast are various tumors. What does the term "tumor" mean? Doctors call a tumor any pathological proliferation of glandular tissue, formed from the changed cells of the genital organs. All tumors are divided into two types - malignant and benign. A lesser danger to the body of a woman is precisely benign tumors. As the tumor grows, it spreads the surrounding tissues without causing them any particular harm. These tumors do not extend beyond the mammary gland and certainly are not capable of affecting other internal organs. All benign tumors can have absolutely any shape, size and density. As a rule, the elimination of benign tumors occurs without any difficulties and consequences for the health of women.
Commonly encountered varietyA benign tumor is the cyst. The cyst is a hollow neoplasm that is filled with fluid. This tumor always has a rounded shape, with clearly defined boundaries. To the touch the neoplasm is soft, elastic and mobile.
Also often there is such a tumor asfibroadenoma. It is formed not only from the glandular epithelium of the breast, but also from the connective tissue. When probed, the tumor resembles dense balls, very mobile, but completely painless.
- Intra-flow papilloma
Intra-flow papilloma is less common,but it must also be mentioned. It develops in the event that the expanded large ducts grow epithelium. Such a disease often leads to the appearance of a discharge from the nipples of serous or bloody contents.
Mastitis faces a huge numberbreast-feeding young mothers. Mastitis is the inflammatory process in the mammary glands. Causes of mastitis can be various factors - and hypothermia, and stagnation of milk, and penetration into the mammary gland of pathogenic bacteria. As a rule, they get through the cracks on the nipples.
Malignant tumors of the mammary gland
Malignant tumors are verya serious danger, both for health and for the life of a woman. Today, it is impossible to control the growth of malignant tumors. That's why any malignant tumors should be eliminated as quickly as possible. Malignant tapeworms grow with rapid speed. That is why the timely and correct diagnosis of the disease is so important. In that case, if the tumor is not eliminated immediately, malignant cells very quickly germinate beyond the breast. Penetrating through the walls of blood vessels into the blood, cancer cells can penetrate into any other organ, gain a foothold and germinate there. This phenomenon in medicine is called - metastases. And the later the disease is diagnosed, the more metastases will have time to appear. In addition, timely diagnosis is also very important for choosing the right treatment tactics. After all, the more the process is started, the fewer treatment options remain in the doctor's arsenal. And the less, frankly speaking, the woman has a chance to recover.
Risk group for breast cancer
The risk of encountering a malignant tumorthere is absolutely every woman. Just someone it is minimal, but someone is big enough. There are so-called risk groups. A woman is included in this group in the event that she has at least one of the above factors:
- Age of the woman
The older a woman, the higher her probabilityto face breast cancer. For example, at 25 years, cancer is extremely rare, whereas after the age of 40 the risk increases significantly, reaching its maximum by about 65 years. After 40 years, every woman should visit a mammologist twice a year. Such a measure will identify the disease at its early stage.
- Genetic factor
Also very attentive to one's healththere must be those women in the family of whom the cancer was encountered by someone from close relatives - mother, grandmother, sister. The risk in such cases doubles.
- Late first birth
Also the level of risk of cancersignificantly increase the first births over the age of 35 years. Even more, this risk increases if the woman, having given birth to a child, for some reason refuses to breastfeed.
- Time of onset of menstruation or menopause
The risk of breast cancer is significantly higher in those women who had the first menstruation too early - before 12 years, or the menopause came too late - after 55 years.
- Previously there were various diseases of the breast.
- Abortions and miscarriages.
- Violation of normal hormonal background, irregular menstrual cycle.
- Excessive body weight, smoking, drinking, stress.
- Overuse of a visit to the solarium.
In the event that you are at risk,you need to visit a doctor more often than other women, at least twice a year. Identify the presence of a malignant tumor of the mammary glands will be able as a gynecologist, and a surgeon, and an oncologist. However, only the mammalian doctor is able to conduct the most complete examination, which includes cytological and histological examination, ultrasound diagnosis and mammography. By the way, these specialists can help a woman in case of other problems with the mammary glands - postpartum mastitis, nipple cracking and others.
Prevention of breast diseases
Unfortunately, despite the high enoughthe level of modern medicine, completely prevent the development of cancerous tumors is simply impossible. But, nevertheless, it is quite possible to significantly reduce this probability. And it is under the power of every woman - to lead a healthy lifestyle and comply with those recommendations, which are discussed below.
- The first pregnancy
Diseases of the breast and pregnancyare directly related to each other. Do not constantly postpone the onset of the first pregnancy for later. Of course, a career is a very important stage in the life of any woman. However, you should not forget about your own health. The main guarantee of mammary gland health is timely pregnancy, up to 35 years. After all, the most important task and purpose of the mammary glands is to provide milk to a small person. And in the event that for some reason the breast does not fulfill its function, within the cells unfavorable pathological processes begin.
- Painful sensations
In the event that a woman has a mammary gland, the disease, as a rule, can no longer be avoided. That there were no various complications, as soon as possible to address for the help to the doctor.
- Choosing a bra
Very many women, buying a beautiful bottomlinen, do not even think about whether the bra should not only be beautiful, but also comfortable. He should not squeeze or pull his chest, thereby violating normal blood circulation. In addition, special attention should be paid to bras for exercising. They should properly support the chest so that it will not be shaken during running and jumping.
- Cold water
A wonderful tonic for breastsis cold water. Cold causes the cells of the pectoral muscles to contract intensively. Thus, the natural elasticity and elasticity of the skin of the breast is restored. You can direct a stream of cold water directly to the chest, or simply rub the skin of the breast with ice cubes.
Of course, caring for the décolleté area and thea very important and necessary measure. Care for them should be no less thorough than behind the skin of the face. However, many women, in pursuit of beautiful breasts, forget that they can harm their health. Today, in free sale, you can buy various nutritional supplements and creams, designed to increase the size of the breast. However, in fact, the maximum they are capable of is to make the skin of the breast more elastic and elastic. On the size of mammary glands, these drugs can not affect in any way. But to bring harm, and considerable, they can. First of all, the hormonal balance of a woman can suffer. That's why in the event that you still decide to use such drugs, keep your hormonal balance under control, systematically donating blood to determine the level of hormones. Really increase the size of the breast for today is possible only with the help of prosthetics of the mammary glands. However, none of the materials that make breast implants are completely safe for the woman's health. Therefore, remember that breast augmentation is a very extreme measure. And in no case is it unacceptable to perform a surgical intervention in the event that a woman has not reached at least twenty-five years of age. This requirement of doctors - mammologists is explained very simply - complete and final formation of mammary glands comes to an end only to 44 - 25 years, even in the event that the woman already has a child. And earlier surgical intervention is fraught with the development of all sorts of complications, including the development of malignant tumors. And at last I would like to repeat again - the sooner the disease is revealed, the higher the chances of a full recovery of a woman. That is why it is so important to remember three important components of health: regular supervision by a doctor - mammologist, timely mammography and regular self-examination. On how to properly conduct self-examination, you will tell any doctor - and a surgeon, and a gynecologist, and. of course, a mammologist. In no case should not ignore this measure - just a few minutes a day can save not only the health of women, but also her life! We advise you to read: