lemon Tree Who does not want to introduce himself on the beachwarm sea, in the shade of beautiful citrus trees? A sweet cocktail in his hand, a uniform sound of waves, warm sun rays stroking his face. Alas, most of this list of amenities can be found except during a trip to the seaside, but you can try to create a suitable mood with the help of beautiful lemon or mandarin trees on the windowsill.

Basics of caring for homemade lemon

It is now very easy to grow a lemon tree,requires regular, but not too complex care, so this task is not only for experienced botanists. Bones, seedlings, fertilizers, soil, tools and other necessary things can be bought at the appropriate store. Deciding how to grow a plant - from scratch or germ - depends on the degree of patience of the amateur horticulturist, but in any case it is best to do it in the spring, from late March to late April. For home-growing, special varieties are best suited: Pavlovsky, Meyer, Novogruzinsky, Maikop, and Genoa. They are distinguished by a compact crown, good flowering and fruit binding, early ripening, early setting of fruits. However, care for unsuitable for indoor conditions varieties is no different. Growing a lemon tree from a bone is a task for persistent and very very patient plant breeders. With due diligence, if you follow all the rules, sooner or later a sprout will appear. But getting fruit from it will not be easy, and besides this approach does not guarantee that they will be tasty. However, if the process itself is important to you, and not the result, then you can resort to this method. To do this, take a lemon you like, peel it from the peel, remove the bones and put them in a saucer with water. Pay attention that it is necessary to carefully clean the seeds from the pulp, otherwise they will rot instead of germinating. After this, the seed should be planted to a depth of two centimeters in a prepared clay pot, sprinkled with water and put in a warm (but not too) place. Approximately within a month, the first sprouts will appear, unless you dig a stone every day, as Carlson did, and you will not forget to water the plant. However, a similar way to grow lemons is suitable for seasoned gardeners who are willing to wait for fruit for at least ten years. If you do not have too much experience or patience, try growing a lemon tree from a specially prepared seedling. It can be bought in a store with a botanical garden, or farm and horticultural shops. You need a shank length of eight to twenty centimeters with three to four sheets. Roots should be moist, sprinkled with earth. It so happened that citrus trees require very careful selection of pots, they must be transplanted regularly as they grow, each time increasing the diameter of the pot by two to five centimeters. As the first pot, a liter or slightly more voluminous container, with a diameter of no more than ten to fifteen centimeters in the upper part, is suitable. It needs to fall asleep with an air-permeable, light mixture of expanded clay, peat, sand and earth. In principle, when buying a seedling, you can purchase specially prepared soil for citrus plants, since it is quite difficult to create it yourself. Up to three years, the sapling is transplanted into new soil every year, after which it can be transplanted every two to three years. It can be done in any season, but spring, of course, is preferable. You can not transplant the plant during flowering. Lemon should be watered, focusing on the drying of the top layer of the soil. The need for irrigation is determined in the following way: if a small amount of the surface layer of soil cools together with two fingers, then there is no need for irrigation, but if the earth is crumbling, it means it's time to water. It is necessary to monitor the condition of the soil daily, so that the earth can not completely dry out in the pot. Of course, water for irrigation should be kept at least twenty-four hours at room temperature until chlorine is removed. In winter, the water can be heated to thirty or thirty-five degrees Celsius. Such care will ensure your health and vitality to your vegetable pet. To water a lemon it is necessary in quite certain image that not to ruin roots. First, a watering can or some other vessel should have a spout or a nebulizer. Secondly, it is necessary to produce watering as close to the ground as possible, in order to avoid exposing the roots. Thirdly, you need to shed the entire contour of the pot, until the water appears in the pan. After two or three hours you need to drain the rest of the water. Please note that in addition to the actual watering, you need to spray the plant with water. If the lemon bears fruit, it should be sprayed less often, it is best during this period to wash the leaves from dust, so as not to interfere with the access of air. Lemons love diffuse light, but drafts for them are fatal. Therefore, for these plants, you need to choose rooms in which the sun often peeps, preferably facing east or west. In the north, plants will be loaded without the sun and will not yield the expected harvest, and in the south they can simply wither. Lemons will be drawn to the light, but do not change it or turn it sharply, the maximum that can be allowed - every ten days, a turn of no more than ten degrees. By the way, the lemon does not like dry air, so in winter, next to the plant, place a saucer with water. Of course, you want to not only grow a lemon tree at home, but also enjoy its fruits, but for this you need to spend some time to care for it. The most difficult in the first months to ruthlessly cut short buds; alas, but the vapors weaken the plants. Note that new leaves grow only after the previous "wave" finally sprouts. When the lemon reaches a mark of twenty centimeters, it is necessary to cut off its top without touching a few buds. It is from these that shoots of the first order grow. When they germinate, the plant will need to be pruned again. Fruits appear only on shoots of the fourth or fifth order. Will pass from five to twelve months from the moment of flowering of a plant before maturing of its fruits. For flowering, the best temperature is not lower than sixteen and not more than eighteen degrees Celsius. Otherwise, flowers can fall. When the first ovaries appear, you will have to start counting the leaves, since at least ten healthy leaves must be on one fruit. If they are smaller, the ovary will not develop. If there are a lot of flowers, they need to be weeded out, leaving only those with more developed ovaries. It is better to leave fruit on short branches - they grow ripe faster. Of course, the plant needs to be fed and fertilized, no later than three to four months after transplantation into a new pot, because the soil can provide the plant with food only for this time. Doing this in the first half of summer, you can reduce the bitter taste, which is difficult to get rid of, growing lemons at home. The more years your plant, the more it should be fertilized, especially if you have not transplanted it for a long time. Fertilizers should be used after watering the plant. Do not forget to fertilize it in the winter with artificial lighting. At this time the lemon needs special care. lemon tree care

Necessary lemon fertilizer

  • Phosphoric potassium salts. Three to four grams per liter of water for better blooming and ovaries. Potassium is required for the plant to accumulate carbohydrates and increase the outflow of sugars to other organs of the plant from the leaves. It affects the pressure of cell sap and increases drought resistance. If potassium is not enough, the plant poorly absorbs nitrogen and grows poorly. This can be determined by yellowing between the veins of the leaf and dying from the tip to the brim. If the fertilizer with potassium also includes chlorine - alas, it does not fit a lemon. A good potash-phosphorus fertilizer is wood ash. Dosage - a teaspoon per liter of water.
  • Phosphorus. It is necessary for carbohydrate metabolism, especially for young plants, if it is not enough, the growth of lemon is delayed and shoots do not ripen.
  • Superphosphate. It is best to use with slurry.
  • Full organic fertilizer. Horse manure, mullein, bird droppings are insisted for three days, taking in equal proportions, you can add a little soot. Before using horse manure diluted with water five to six times, Mullein sixteen times, chicken droppings fifteen to twenty times. Note that mineral and organic fertilizers are best alternated. So it's easier to grow a healthy plant.
  • Summer feeding should be done every tendays, and in winter about once a month. Grown home a lemon on the taste qualities does not differ from the purchased one, and often surpasses it. In addition, it is a very beautiful plant, during flowering it fills the house with a unique gentle fragrance, which is not only extremely pleasant, but also repels the moth. If you provide the lemon tree with proper care and care, it can live in your apartment for sixty to seventy years, regularly supplying your family with tasty fresh fruits, from the seeds of which you can grow many more trees. A stalk of a lemon tree can be a good gift to family members and friends.