It is often said that feelings can not be felt,truly express through the word. At the same time they refer to fiction that occurs in works of fiction, in life practice, expressions of this kind: "I can not convey how I felt when I parted with my own home, I can not convey all the thrill and excitement that enveloped me when I he "saw", etc. Beethoven concluded his well-known, which caused so much conjecture "A Letter to an Immortal Beloved": "Now it's more from the outer to the inner. We will, indeed, see you soon, and today I can not tell you my remarks about my life made in the last few days, if our hearts were always tightly pressed to each other, I would not do them. Do these statements say that it is really impossible to convey a feeling in words, or only that sometimes it is difficult? It's about the latter. Feelings that people experience, arise in the process of communication, in the process of joint activities of people in various areas of life. People express through their language their feelings, pass them on to other people, and also learn about the emotional world of those with whom they communicate. Speaking of feelings and language, we must distinguish between two issues. One is the meaning of language, the word is used to identify our feelings. And the other is the importance of language for conveying our feelings to other people, so that they understand them. We can meet with cases when a child, a teenager, a young man, a girl feels towards a being of a different sex or to a senior companion a feeling that they are not sufficiently aware. How often other people (family members, educators, friends, etc.), observing the behavior, actions or statements of a child, a teenager, establish much earlier than himself the nature of the feeling that he is experiencing. And the process of comprehension of a feeling necessarily implies its designation, the naming of it with the appropriate word. Only in this case can the perceived feeling be realized. There is no doubt that the very fact of naming the attribution of a vague yet vague experience to a certain category of feelings changes this feeling to some extent for the person himself, because he, on the basis of his knowledge of the feelings of people, appropriately interprets it. He has a certain attitude towards this feeling, he rejoices at him, it causes him anxiety, etc. When, for example, a teenager realizes that he is in love, this leads to a certain shift in his emotional life and behavior. He has something new about the object of his feelings; he begins to look at him with new eyes, to understand the relations between them in a new way. In his behavior, shyness, shyness, or, conversely, deliberate rudeness, etc., which previously did not exist, may appear. The experienced feeling can be indicated by a person more in total and more subtly, depending on the experience, knowledge of the emotional world of people, drawn from life and works of fiction. The very fact of naming the feeling, its designation, fixes for the person those features and qualities of feeling that are inherent in him. The person differentiates his feelings by means of words and other means can not be realized. The nature of the accuracy of this differentiation is determined by the accuracy and adequacy of the words used by the person for this task. The word is inseparable from the feeling experienced by man because it enables him to comprehend the very content and features of this feeling. Let us turn to the question of what significance language has for the transmission of our feelings to other people. If we want to tell others about the feelings we are experiencing, then we need to resort to this word for this. This does not mean that for another person our feeling will become clear only because we ourselves will tell him about him. He will judge our feelings not on the basis of words alone, but on the basis of a comparison of words with our real actions and actions. And it will determine for him, to what extent our words are true and convey the real state of things. But at the same time, without the words denoting the corresponding feelings, their features and traits, people can not talk about them. So, the words of a person "I'm excited", "I'm saddened", "I'm in love", "I'm ashamed" can well convey the feelings that he is currently experiencing. M.I. Kalinin fairly says: "The most burning feelings will remain unknown to people, if they are not clearly and precisely formulated in words." The ability to fix feelings with the means of language is extremely great. This does not mean that exact naming is easy. You must be able to find the words necessary for this. Sometimes this causes difficulties. This is helped by the enormous opportunities that are contained in the language itself. Changing the order of words -inversion-will serve as an essential tool for this purpose, as well as using interjections, words with which a certain emotional meaning is associated, using suffixes that give a caress or some other shade, etc. There is a distinct difference in the nature of using language to fix scientific concepts and to fix feelings. The completeness of a particular feeling is most adequately revealed not in terms of how it is inherent in thoughts, but in images. This language of images is perfected by art. Precisely because art uses imaginative means, it conveys feelings of a person with such force and content and has such a strong emotional impact on people. The richness of lyrical poetry best testifies to the fact that the most elusive impulses of the human soul, the most subtle aspects of his feelings, the most intimate of his experiences can be revealed in appropriate verbal images, in a system of poetic expressions. It was still about what are the means of language, serving to convey feelings, their content, the peculiarities of their experience to other people. But we did not notice yet another side of the word, namely, it is an extraordinary wealth for the transmission of feelings, which is enclosed in the expressiveness of human speech, in the use of a living word in the process of human communication. The phonetic side of speech, intonation, the tempo in which words are spoken, the emphasis that emphasizes the right word, the raising and lowering of the voice, the nature and duration of the pauses, the timbre coloring of words, etc., all serve to convey our feelings in words. This is a new and big question, which will be discussed in detail next time. Along with the artistic prosaic and poetic speech that conveys the nuances and shades of human feelings, in the process of the historical development of mankind, other means were also created to convey feelings. Such a means is portrait painting. . N. Kramskoy wrote: "Every clever person ... knows very well that there are things that the word can not express with determination. He knows that the look on his face comes to the rescue at such a time, otherwise the painting would not have taken place. If everything could be said in words, then why art, why music? ". One of the most powerful means of conveying feelings is music. Music, on the one hand, conveys the characteristics of feelings and moods, and on the other hand, by its content generates the corresponding feelings among listeners. "It is incomparably less plastic, less definite than verbal poetry, incomparably more vague, vague in its outlines, less accurate, less tactile, but, on the other hand, less abstract, less rational, less symbolic-music can express a whole world of feelings and ideas without the mediation of the word. "

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