Origami, traditional for Japan artthe transformation of a flat into a volumetric one, was embodied in yet another technique of national handicraft of the Land of the Rising Sun - tsumami Kanzashi. Its fruits, flowers of silk, were originally intended to decorate all kinds of adaptations in the geisha's hairdos: combs, sticks, hairpins. Flowers from the fabric became the main decoration for the hair in addition to the silk kimono, painted fans and bizarre make-up. So, it is geisham we owe this unusual art of making exquisite jewelry, tsumami kanzashi.
A bit of history and symbols
The art of tsumami-kanzashi is about four hundred years old. Around the 16th century Japanese beauties had a fashion for such complex hairstyles that they had to be fixed somehow. To do this, they used, first of all, the studs. It is this hairdresser's accessory that gave the name to the ancient art: "Kanzash" in translation from Japanese - hairpin. In the national women's hairstyles, several types of hairpins were used. It is a hira-uchi (hairpin with a round flat ornament), tama-kanzashi (decorated with a ball), a bifurcated hairpin and a tsumami-kanzashi (khana-kanzashi) - a hairpin adorned with a silk flower. Such decorations retained their importance until the middle of the twentieth century. They were not just a fashionable decoration, but also symbolic. So, for example, on a hairdress and ornaments in it it was possible to judge the social status of a Japanese woman. Hairstyle told about the society to which its owner belongs, married Japanese or not, whether she has children and how much. For each season, special seasonal decorations were made. For spring - flowers of plum, peach and sakura, for summer - hydrangea and cloves, for autumn - chrysanthemum and maple leaves, and in winter - ornaments in the form of bamboo, pine, shoots of rice. Individual events or events (for example, a wedding) also implied the presence in the women's hairstyles of special khan khan. In general, this decoration was and remains an indispensable attribute of the national Japanese women's costume. Even in modern Japan, women wearing kimono, necessarily carry and classic kanzashi. And the outfit of the Japanese bride, even in the European version, will necessarily have such an elegant and luxurious decoration. Due to its uniqueness, the revived art of tsunami Kanzashi is becoming very popular among fashionists and needlewomen from different countries and continents. Its increasing popularity is also explained by an amazing combination of uncomplicated technology and an amazingly luxurious result.
Silk origami technique
If in traditional origami paper is used,then for tsumami Kanzash - cloth (in the classical version - natural silk). The technique is based on the folding of rectangular pieces of tissue in the form of elongated, rounded or sharp petals. It is from such petals that such exquisite and varied decorations are made, which Japanese masters surprise. It can be small simple five-petalled flowers, there can be more complex multi-tiered flowers from dozens of petals (like chrysanthemum), there can be whole cascading ornaments from floral arrangements and pendants. The most surprising thing is that at the heart of all this beauty lies one unique method - folding (tsumami). Tools and materials, this technique also requires the very minimum. The beginner master will need only:
- fabric for petals and leaves;
- scissors for cutting workpieces;
- Lighter for singing edge of fabric and connecting parts;
- tweezers for convenient retention of small parts;
- Needle with thread for connecting petals;
- Adhesive for fastening jewelry on barrettes and stilettos.
It should be noted that in the classical techniqueKanzashi uses only natural silk and rice glue. Given the high cost of these materials and the value of manual work, we can assume how much the real Japanese Kansas are. However, this technique is very democratic. Modern ornaments are made of different types of fabric and using any synthetic glues. The main thing - to approach this lesson creatively, and then an excellent result will not keep you waiting!
The principle of making silk flowers
This Japanese needlework features an incredibleease of execution of products. For the manufacture of silk flowers no special adaptations are required - only sleight of hand and imagination of the master. Here, for example, such a small Kanzash master class of performing a flower with round petals. A square piece of fabric fold in half (diagonally, fold up, angle down). Then add the two extreme corners of the triangle to the bottom vertex so that the rhombus turns out. Flip the diamond face (smooth side) up and fold the right and left corners vertically to the center of the rhombus. Do not turn over, fold in half (vertically) the corners inside. Spread the petal, holding the place where the corners are bent. Corners from the back of the seam glue or stitch and cut off excess fabric. Six finished petals collect in the form of a flower with a thread or plant on the glue. Middle of the flower decorate the bead (or several beads). Sharp petals are made even easier. The square is in half, as in the first case. Then again in half (from right to left). And once again in half the sharp peaks to each other. These tops are fastened together, the excess fabric is cut off. All - the petal is ready. Minimum effort, maximum pleasure from the result. See for yourself how easy it is to master this technique, especially if you use visual guides (in the network there are plenty of them). A bit of training - and you can do not only kanzashi with your own hands, but also brooches, hair clips, decorations for rims, elements for wall panels ... Yes, you never know what fantasy will tell you! Use the exquisite technique of Tsumami Kanzashi to touch the mysteries of the East and comprehend the harmony of silk origami. We advise you to read: