temple of hemeji Japan, being a small island nation,has great economic potential and a rich cultural heritage. It's amazing how generously the nature endowed this region, while geographical location allows watching the change of all four seasons. Historical monuments and modern technical achievements coexist in a wonderful country. The sights of Japan are diverse and extremely interesting, and every year one can observe the endless stream of tourists and travelers who want to visit this country. the temple of zenkodzi

Historical monuments of Japan

Interesting places in Japan are so diverse andare numerous, that for a clear oral review it will be better to make a conditional division. For fans of antiquity and exquisite style it is recommended to visit the castle of Himeji, located at the foot of the picturesque Hime mountain in Hyogo Prefecture. This structure is an echo of the Samurai era, which was listed in the UNESCO list in 1993 as a heritage of the World Heritage. It was built in the 14th century and for many centuries it survived numerous battles. When the building passed into the hands of the commander Hideyoshi Toetomi, except for the walls, there was practically nothing left. In the period 1601-1609 years. the castle was rebuilt, resulting in an elegant tower, consisting of seven tiers, and in addition, a whole bunch of towers of auxiliary importance. It can be noted that the building was designed to protect against a possible attack: high-rise buildings can be observed, and the adjacent garden is divided into complex labyrinthine paths with dead ends. Another similar monument, located in Nagano Prefecture, has the name Matsumotodze (Matsumoto Castle). The structure was erected in the Sengoku era, it has a main tower in five tiers and sprawling side elevations, like wings. It is noteworthy that the whole building has a black color and the shape of the building gives the impression of a soaring bird, so this rarity object is still called "The Crow Castle". At the same time, part of the building is called "Moon Chambers", since it was customary to observe the movement of this heavenly body. And, of course, it is impossible not to mention Tokyo's Imperial Palace as a monument of history and culture of Japan. This structure was created for several centuries, it underwent changes with the change of power and political directions in the country. The residence of the Emperor has an area of ​​about 7,000 m, while part of the building is made in accordance with the traditions of the people, and the other - according to the canons of European architecture. The adjacent area is decorated with beautiful gardens, in addition, there is the Museum of the Emperor's Collections and a treasure house with the attributes of power. Kinkakuji temple

Religious sights of Japan

Among the monuments of religious significanceis a special interest located in the city of Nagasaki Mausoleum of Confucius. This temple was built by the architects of the Great Celestial Empire, and the land on which the structure stands, and to this day belongs to this country. The mausoleum was erected for the purpose of teaching, where the fundamentals of Confucianism were taught. In the background is now housed the Museum of Chinese History, also here are exhibited various models of inventions of the Celestial Empire and maps depicting the trajectory of the Great Silk Road. The external walls are decorated with statues, symbolizing the followers of Confucius. In Japan, there are and still exist temples of various religious trends. For example, the temple of Zenkodzi, at the base of which grew the famous city of Nagano, belongs to the Buddhist schools of Jodoshu and Tendai. Here the worship of the sculpture of the Great Buddha takes place, this relic is shown even to the servants of the monastery once in 7 years. The structure itself consists of several buildings, which are located along the guiding sides of the world. The front gate and the hall for the performance of prayers are included in the list of Japanese treasures of national importance. The Kinkakuji Temple - the Golden Pavilion - is a structure that belonged to the Rinzai school of the Zen direction. This building is used as a repository of holy relics of the Buddha. The temple is beautifully decorated with a "golden interior", and from the pavilion you can see the islands in the adjoining lake. Among the monuments of Shinto significance is the Meiji Jingu Temple. This is the largest structure of this direction, located in the metropolitan prefecture. This sanctuary was built in honor of the Emperor Meiji and his wife in a unique style of Nagarajukuri architecture, where a cypress tree is used. The building is surrounded by a magnificent garden, created by ordinary people of the whole state in memory of the beloved leader. More than 100,000 plant species (bushes and trees) have been planted here, and there is also a treasure museum built in the style of Adzekuradzukuri on the territory of the temple.

Natural places of interest

Mount Fuji is a particularly popular placeamong the Japanese. The local population has a saying that literally translates as follows: "Never climb to the top - it's stupid, and it's stupid to get up twice". This expression can be explained in this way: one who has not had a chance to rise to Fujiyama or who is afraid of doing this, loses much. And a person who has already been lucky enough to visit the summit, constantly draws here again and again, and this is already attributed to stupidity. The height of this natural masterpiece, created as a result of the eruption of volcanic rocks, is about 4,000 km. The uphill season is in July-August, when the smallest accumulation of fog is observed and the weather as a whole favors the ascent. At the top, the air is sparse, but clean, and the temperature does not rise more than 10 ° C, so when climbing the mountain it is better to stock up on warm clothes. In Japan, there are many large parks such as Ueno, Koraku-en, Kenroku-en and Kairaku-en, while the last three are considered the most famous gardens that are created according to the ideal principles of the natural landscape. The love of the local population for such places is due to their traditions, which are based on a tribute to the living environment. The Japanese have such beautiful customs of observing sakura blossoms - Khanami and the autumn holiday of Momiji, when people gather in parks to look at the colorful carpet of leaves. Also known for its botanical park in Hiroshima, where numerous exotic plants are presented in natural conditions. And the garden of olive trees of Usimado is one of the largest reserves, where more than 2,000 specimens grow. Japan's attractions are so numerous and interesting, so it's not surprising that the flow of tourists and travelers in this direction does not decrease. As the statistics showed, every person who has visited at least once in the Land of the Rising Sun, comes here again at least once in his life.

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