causes of inflammation of the bladder Inflammation of the urinary bladder is a disease thatmost often occurs in women. Men can also suffer from cystitis, but this happens much less often. Since the disease has an unexpected beginning, acute course and pronounced symptoms, it creates serious discomfort. Due to inflammation of the bladder, the normal rhythm of life is disrupted, physical and mental activity is reduced, and freedom of movement is restricted. Cystitis is one of the first places in urological diseases, which can cause temporary disability.

Signs of inflammation of the bladder

The main sign of inflammation of the bladder -increased frequency of urination. Often there is pain in the process of urination, which can be accompanied by blood. Symptoms of acute cystitis are fever, pain in the lower abdomen. With the development of a cervical form of inflammation of the urinary bladder, incontinence is possible. Symptoms for determining the disease However, one must distinguish cystitis from urethritis. Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra, which is accompanied by cutting, burning and pain. These diseases can accompany each other, but not always. At elevated temperature, you urgently need to see a urologist to avoid kidney disease. This disease can be determined by the following symptoms:

  • Strong pain and burning sensation with frequent and uneventful urination and after it.
  • Sensation of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
  • If there are strong urge to urinate, it may be incontinence.
  • The temperature can rise to 37-37.5 °.
  • In the urine, the presence of blood is possible.

If the above symptoms are present, you must immediately begin treatment. symptoms of cystitis

The main causes of cystitis

In most cases, the appearance of inflammationThe bladder is associated with infections in the vagina. The microflora of the vagina of a woman is made up of lacto- and bifidobacteria with some other microorganisms. These components are in a controlled equilibrium and do not interfere with the ingress of other microorganisms. But this balance can be violated due to various factors. If the balance is disturbed, there may be discharge, pain, burning or itching. If you do not start treatment in time, vaginal bacteriosis will go to the stage of inflammation of the vagina, then to cystitis. Often, the sources of inflammation of the bladder - an E. coli, staphylococci, which can get both outside and inside. In fact, the causes of inflammation may be different: hypothermia, exhausting diets, stress and severe fatigue. And the beginning of the disease itself comes when already unpleasant sensations are experienced. Cystitis can cause kidney stones, misconducted operations or medications. Since the urethra in women is of short length, the inflammation of the bladder occurs in them much more often than in men. diagnosis of the disease

Cystitis in men and children

In men, primary inflammation of the bladderis extremely rare. Most often it develops again, that is, it is a complication of urological diseases. Cystitis in men appears for 2 reasons: if it is hungry or there are stones in the kidneys. Fasting can be a normal avitaminosis C, A or protein starvation. An early, persistent and persistent sign of exhaustion is a disorder of urination. In the famine years, mainly young men suffered from cystitis. In other cases, inflammation of the urinary bladder in men is a secondary process that has developed against the background of urological diseases. Children get bladder inflammation quite often. Girls in adolescence suffer from cystitis due to vaginal dysbiosis. In boys, inflammation appears due to narrowing of the foreskin. But mostly cystitis occurs when you get into the bladder infection. Treatment of childhood inflammation of the bladder is practically the same as treating inflammation in adults. But it is worth noting that children's cystitis can pass to the kidneys. Therefore, one must take the treatment seriously. treatment of cystitis

The main types of cystitis

With sudden hypothermia or with an infectious disease, acute cystitis may occur. It is characterized by:

  • dysuria - frequent urination, pain, burning, incontinence;
  • hematuria;
  • pyuria.

It is not necessary that all 3symptom. Most often this is a combination of dysuria and leucoceturia. In acute cystitis, urge to urinate appears with an interval of 5-15 minutes, while a small amount of urine is released. One of the permanent and mandatory signs of acute cystitis is leukocyturia. Sometimes a macrohematuria is possible, in which the urine contains blood. In chronic cystitis, symptoms can range from minor discomfort to imperative urges and pain when urinating. In chronic inflammation, the same symptoms are observed as in acute, but they are less expressive. Urination is not so painful and desires are less frequent, which allows you to lead a habitual way of life. Chronic cystitis occurs with dystrophic changes in tissues. Chronic cystitis conditionally divided into 2 types:

  • Wavy course of the disease, which is characterized by periodic exacerbations.
  • Stably active chronic disease, in which leukocyturia is sharply expressed and mild urination disorder is poorly expressed.

The chronic form is due to the onsetdystrophic changes in tissues. Acute cystitis can never be repeated. If after a while there will be relapses, then this is already a recurrent cystitis. It can arise because of:

  • features of the body,
  • genetic predisposition,
  • infections,
  • non-observance of rules of personal hygiene.

To diagnose inflammation of the bladder, you must submit a complete urine analysis, urine culture, a blood test. In the case of acute cystitis, biopsy and cystoscopy are performed.

Treatment and prevention of cystitis

The first step to treatment is changing the way of life,more precisely, the diet. It is necessary to exclude from the diet all acute and too salty foods. To relieve pain when urinating, you must take a warm bath, soar your legs. To give the urine pass more freely, it is recommended to take medications that relax the internal organs. In case of acute symptoms, it is necessary to take antibiotics, which the doctor prescribes after taking the tests. In case of chronic inflammation, it is necessary to establish its cause. Basically, the treatment consists of:

  • antibacterial therapy;
  • anti-inflammatory therapy;
  • analgesic and spasmolytic therapy;
  • correction of hygiene factors;
  • immunotherapy;
  • phytotherapy.

When cystitis is treated, disorders are eliminatedurination, normal rhythm is restored. To prevent the occurrence of inflammation of the bladder, you must follow the rules of prevention:

  • Observe personal hygiene.
  • Avoid stress and hypothermia.
  • Sharing in the diet of sharp and salty foods.
  • To live an active lifestyle.
  • Drink a day at least 2 liters of fluid.
  • Regularly empty the bladder.

Also, exercise and activelifestyle. It is better not to use or reduce consumption to a minimum: smoked products, pickles, seasonings. Women must prevent urinary tract infections by rehabilitating the vagina.