causes of inflammation of the appendages From childhood our grandmothers and mothers forced uswarmly dress to not get sick and do not chill your feet. This is not in vain. If the legs are constantly exposed to cold temperatures, then there may be various gynecological diseases, including adnexitis (otherwise inflammation of the uterine appendages). It can not be said that the aching legs are the most important cause of possible diseases, rather, it is a certain starting factor for many inflammatory processes.

Inflammation of appendages

The female organism is very vulnerable and vulnerableinfluence of external factors. Stress at work, frequent travel, poor nutrition - all this and much more weakens the immune system of our body and makes it vulnerable to any diseases, including inflammatory processes. How to avoid them or what to do when the disease has already occurred? Inflammation of the uterine appendages is considered a very serious gynecological disease. The danger of this disease lies in the fact that it can go unnoticed and asymptomatic. And if it does not carry a particular threat to the life of a girl and a woman, yet it can lead to the most unfortunate consequences - to affect the ability to give birth to children. This inflammatory disease in one of five cases leads to infertility. diagnosis of the disease

The concept and main causes of inflammation of the appendages

So, it is necessary first to deal withthe very concept of appendages. The appendages include all the internal organs of the reproductive system of the woman adjacent to the uterus, namely the fallopian tubes, ovaries and ligaments. In a normal state, the appendages of the uterus are sterile and do not contain any microorganisms. As you know, the appendages of the uterus are located deep inside. The main ways of their inflammation can be the following:

  • The ascending path. It is characterized by the penetration of microorganisms through the cervical region into the uterine cavity itself, and then into the fallopian tubes (in the more severe cases, further). This pathway of infection includes infection of the vagina, as well as the penetration of microorganisms from the urinary tract, rectum, etc.
  • Descending way (secondary). Inflammation of the appendages in this way is considered quite rare. Inflammation of the appendages occurs if there was already an inflammatory process in the abdominal cavity (for example, appendicitis), which eventually spread to the healthy tissue of the uterine appendages and thereby caused inflammation there.
  • Hematogenous pathway. This way of inflammation is very rare and is considered exceptional. Everyone knows that blood is an absolutely sterile medium. If the microorganisms easily move through the blood and infect the whole organism (in the specific case, appendages) on their way, this may mean that the blood infection either has already come, or is about to come.
  • As it became clear, the main reasoninflammation of the uterine appendages are microorganisms that penetrate the uterine cavity in one of three ways. Inflammation of the uterine appendages in medicine is called adnexitis. At present, this term is used less and less frequently, the name "salpingitis", meaning "inflammation of the tube", or "oophoritis", which means "inflammation of the ovarian tissue", has become common. The most common name that is used in medicine to repel this disease is "salpingo-oophoritis".

    Symptoms of inflammation of the uterus

    Symptoms and signs of this disease canbe very different. Their manifestation depends on several factors. So, for example, they can depend on the course of the disease. This can be acute stress: in this case, the symptoms will be pronounced. In a chronic form, the symptomatology is barely noticeable. The manifestation of symptoms depends on the pathogenicity of the microorganism that has entered the uterine cavity and its appearance. An important role is played by the ability of the female body to resist these microorganisms and to combat the inflammatory process that has arisen. Here everything depends on how much the human immune system is strengthened. One of the most common symptoms that occur in inflammation is pain in the lower abdomen, which can be completely different in strength and character (possible acute and dull pain). Often there is an increase in body temperature, sometimes even up to 40 degrees, chills. Possible indigestion, manifested in the form of diarrhea, sometimes nausea, even vomiting, but, as a rule, more than once it does not repeat. Reacts to inflammation, not only the gastrointestinal system, but also urinary. A woman experiences pain during urination, which is getting smaller and smaller. Isolation from the genital tract is considered another symptom of inflammation. Allocations are completely different, here everything depends on the nature and strength of the penetrated microorganisms. It happens that the discharge is purulent and even bloody, but this is already in the most severe cases. treatment of appendages

    Treatment of inflammatory process

    If the inflammation of the appendages is treated correctlymethod, the results will be visible after a few days. However, this does not mean that you should stop treatment and forget about the problem. Initially, it is necessary to determine the exact cause of the disease. After treatment is prescribed, which includes antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and restorative therapy. It is worth saying that the healing process is rather lengthy, requiring completion. So, the treatment of inflammation includes the following items:

  • A girl or woman is recommended to completely exclude sex during the treatment, normalize her diet, create a complete psychological and physical rest.
  • To relieve pain and swelling, doctors are usually prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). These medications include intomethacin, ibuprofen and others.
  • It is imperative during the treatment to pay attention to its immunity and to engage in its increase. For this purpose a complex of vitamins B, vitamins of group C and E.
  • In the case of allergic actions of microbes on the female body prescribed antihistamines. It can be suprastin, citrine and others.
  • Treatment includes somephysiotherapy. Among them, UFO blood (activation of the immune system, detoxification of blood and bactericidal effect), ultrahigh-frequency therapy (UHF) on the area of ​​the uterine appendages, and then electrophoresis.
  • Treatment of inflammation with antibiotics

    Very often in the treatment of inflammationantibiotics. More effective is multicomponent therapy, the purpose of which is to impact on different groups of microorganisms that have been caught. Multicomponent therapy includes the following antibiotics: third-generation cephalosporins (ceftriaxone), inhibitor-protected penicillins (such antibiotics as amoxiclav), erythromycin (macrolide), and other drugs that affect the flora that lives in the oxygen environment. In order to eliminate the so-called anaerobic flora, which is able to live in an oxygen-free environment, nitroimidazole derivatives (metronidazole and others) are prescribed. Treatment includes antifungal drugs. Among them may be nystatin, diflucane and others. The first few days, all these drugs are injected (until the patient's condition is improved). Then you can already switch to drugs in the form of tablets and reduce the dose. The listed antibiotics should help or assist already in the first day, after their application. If improvements are not observed, surgical intervention should be resorted to. treatment of appendages with antibiotics

    Types of inflammation of appendages (adnexitis)

    Like any disease, inflammation of the appendages(adnexitis) has acute and chronic forms. Symptoms of acute and chronic adnexitis differ among themselves. So, for example, during acute adnexitis sharp pains in the lower part of the abdomen, which give to the area of ​​the anus, are observed. The pain is intense. The acute form is characterized by an increase in body temperature, chills, weakness, bloating and other manifestations. If you leave the acute form of inflammation without attention, a week later it can develop into a chronic form, characterized by dull pain in the lower abdomen, menstruation, soreness during intercourse, decreased libido, diseases of the genitourinary system (cystitis, pyelonephritis). A woman who has a chronic form of adnexitis often experiences nervousness, impaired ability to work. Acute adnexitis includes two phases. The phase with the predominance of aerobic flora is called toxic, because there are symptoms of intoxication of the body. There is also a septic phase. Here, anaerobic flora already joins, the symptoms of adnexitis become heavier and complications develop. It is during this phase that a so-called purulent tubo-thoracic formation occurs, and a perforation threat arises. Chronic inflammation also occurs in two ways. The first method is infectious-toxic. Here the pathological secretion increases, changes occur in the blood formula, exudative processes begin in the appendages, as a result of which their soreness increases. The second way of chronic inflammation is neuro-vegetative. There is a deterioration in health, the mood becomes unstable, work capacity is reduced, there are endocrine and vascular disorders.

    Diet with inflammation of the appendages and prevention of disease

    During any disease, a huge role is played byhow much the human immune system is strengthened. If during the inflammation of the uterine appendages to maintain the right diet, you can strengthen the body's resistance to infection agents and, at the same time, improve metabolic processes in the heart of inflammation. Diet during the acute and chronic form of adnexitis should be hypoallergenic. Such a diet completely excludes egg whites, chocolate, mushrooms, sweets and other products. In addition, it limits the amount of salt and carbohydrates. During inflammation, it is recommended to heat food: cook or simmer. The daily ration should include 2300 kcal, among them 100 g of proteins, 300 g of carbohydrates and 70 g of fats. Even if there is no exacerbation of adnexitis, it is still recommended to eat a balanced diet containing a sufficient amount of useful vitamins and protein. Prevention of inflammation of the appendages is relevant for women with sexual infections, for those who use intrauterine contraceptives (spirals), for women who have had operations on the genitals, as well as after abortions. As it became clear, the effects of adnexitis can be the most terrible, therefore, prevention is very necessary. First, it is necessary to exclude factors that can contribute to the development of an acute form of the disease. Among such factors are hypothermia, various stresses, sexual infections, abuse of spicy food, alcohol and many others. Secondly, it is recommended to use rational contraception, thus abortion can be avoided. If necessary, resort to medical abortion. Thirdly, it is very important to carry out a full complex therapy of various inflammatory diseases in the pelvic area in time. Fourth, the rule is to take a visit to a gynecologist every six months or a year.

    What conclusions should be drawn

    Inflammation of the uterine appendages is a disease,which in neglected form can deprive a woman of the opportunity to become a mother. Treatment of inflammation in the appendages is possible, but the disease itself can lead to sad consequences. It is better not to let the problem arise, than to solve it later. Watch your health, visit regularly your gynecologist, exclude any possibility of the appearance of this disease. Your health is only in your hands. Strengthening immunity, proper nutrition, warmth - all this will help you reduce the risk of this disease.