In medical terms, snoring is calledrhonchopathy. Even when you pronounce this term, it seems that there is a rattling sound with overflows and sobs. Sounds arise from the vibration of the narrowed pharyngeal walls. According to statistics, in men, ronhopathy is more common than in women. About 65% of men and 40% of women after 40 years of age snore to varying degrees. Men have more fleshy skies than women, which explains the percentage ratio. Often snoring is accompanied by a syndrome, such as apnea (a sudden stop of breathing in a dream). Any doctor will say that apnea is extremely dangerous, as it leads to respiratory, cardiovascular, and nervous system disorders, to severe physical illnesses and even sudden death in a dream.
The causes of snoring
What can the otorhinolaryngologist find? The reasons for which there is snoring and stopping breathing in a dream, there are many. We will analyze the processes that occur most often and impede the passage of air through the upper paths. The nose and nasopharynx are the beginning of the respiratory tract. Diseases that promote snoring in men and women equally: adenoids, rhinitis chronic, rhinosinusitis, nasal septal deformities, nose polyps, if they swell up the nasal mucosa and make nasal breathing difficult. As for the lower parts of the respiratory tract, it is the larynx and pharynx, here there is swelling of the palatine tonsils, thickening or palatine atony, growth of the lumbar tonsil, broad root of the tongue, specific structure of the epiglottis, surplus fatty tissue in the cervical region in people with excessive body weight, lower jaw. What can an endocrinologist find? The appearance of snoring in women or its strengthening refers to the period of menopause. During this period there is a hormonal adjustment, which leads to weakening of the muscles of the airways, weight gain. The tone of the throat muscles also reduces the thyroid gland disorders.
What can the therapist offer? Therapeutic methods of treatment - is primarily a variety of devices that hold the language. There are also special stickers, devices. They create a positive air pressure when inhaled. Saline aerosols, for moistening the mucous membrane, bring relief. It is not recommended to take sleeping pills and alcohol, as this relaxes the muscles and the brain ceases to control all processes normally, and smoking cessation (irritating the larynx) is also highly desirable. There are special exercises that are effective when snoring is associated with the weakness of the pharyngeal muscles. Therapeutic methods are used when surgery is not indicated because of the general condition of the patient or severe co-morbidities. Radically change the state of the forces of surgical intervention. What can a surgeon suggest? If the cause of snoring is the curvature of the septum of the nose that occurs after the traumas of the face area (often found in men) accompanied by a hemorrhage into the soft tissues, then, in cases where only the cartilage of the primary department is curved, the operation lasts about half an hour and is performed under local anesthesia. If the posterior bony sections of the nasal septum are curved, the intervention is under general anesthesia. The operation time increases. The operation is called septoplasty. It is highly efficient. After septoplasty, about 15% of both men and women stop snoring and the frequency of nighttime apnea attacks quickly decreases. The reason for snoring can be a polynomial nose, which is associated with mucosal disorders. Mucous soft formations fill the sinuses and nasal cavity, disrupting breathing. The doctor will prescribe the operation of removing nasal polyps. It is called the polypotomy of the nose. Sometimes it is combined with autopsy and cleansing of the paranasal sinuses. It is performed depending on the complexity in both out-patient and in-patient settings. The cause may be rhinitis. Nasal conchae swell at the most inappropriate time, when you walk barefoot feet on the floor, or after taking hot food, or when you enter a warm room from a cold. The nose stops breathing. At night, it becomes worse when in the supine position additional blood flows into the head, and fills the improperly functioning vessels of the shells of the nose. You can not fall asleep, and you use vasoconstrictive drops (naphthyzine, glazolin, etc.). They cause a vasospasm and temporarily open the nasal passages. After a few hours, the effect of the medicine passes and the nose stops breathing again. Any doctor will say that the use of such drugs is often prohibited, since they are addictive. In addition, vasoconstrictive drugs contain adrenaline-like substances that enhance the tone of the vessels and lead to an increase in blood pressure. If rhinitis becomes frequent, the doctor will advise surgical intervention. Its meaning is to reduce the size of the respiratory system and to eliminate the obstruction of the nasal cavity, which causes snoring.
General advice to all snoring
Since even the best operation does not give 100%success, the doctor advises to try all kinds of treatment and engage in general health improvement. In general, do everything necessary to get rid of an unpleasant and often dangerous snoring.