With the advent of new garden centers, fashionhome plants are changing faster than clothes. On the shelves of these stores every year there are more and more exotic plants, which you want to decorate your house. But there are home plants, the popularity of which does not affect fashion. Such pot plants include geranium, which was grown on the windowsills of our grandmothers. However, recently many kinds of plants belonging to the geranium family have appeared. Pelargonium is one of them. It is this plant that raises today the popularity of geraniums to a great height. The most popular geraniums are pelargonium garden, or the so-called "geraniums blooming." They feel great not only in the garden, but also on the sunny windowsill. Among these species there are also those that delight with their flowering, and those that are bred for the beauty of their leaves. If you see this plant live, you will certainly be interested in how to grow geraniums at home. Thanks to medicinal qualities and unpretentious care, geranium has long been one of the most popular indoor plants. In folk medicine it is used to treat the gastrointestinal tract, the treatment of nervous disorders, kidney stones. A century and a half ago this plant became popular, and it began to grow in gardens and greenhouses. Then there were many new varieties, and geraniums were grown at home. Now room geranium grows in almost every house. It pleases its owners with abundant flowering for almost the entire year and, according to popular beliefs, protects the family from evil forces.
How to grow a geranium
If you decide to grow your own at homegeranium, then, unfortunately, the options so far are few. You can either buy a ready-made flowering plant and learn how to care for it, or grow a geranium yourself. You can grow it from seeds or cuttings. Cши Cши Cши Cши Cши Cши д Cши Cши Cши Cши Cши C C C C C C C C C C C Cши Cши C Cши C Cши C Cши C Cши C Cши C C C C C C C C C C Cши C Cши C Cши C C C C C Cши C Cши C Cши C C C C C C C C But keep in mind that from the moment of planting the seeds to flowering, it takes about five to six months. In addition, the seeds of pelargonium are slow enough and do not grow well. Well, the last - to find the seeds of pelargonium in the store is not always possible. Cuttings for breeding geranium at home are more preferable. To do this, it is necessary to cut off apical shoots 7-8 cm in height from an adult plant with four or five leaves. Then remove the two lower leaves and put the cuttings into the water. You can simply dip the cuttings into a tool that stimulates the formation of roots and plant them in the soil, in which garden soil, peat and sand are mixed in equal amounts. With good lighting and room temperature cuttings should quickly take root. From one adult plant in this way, you can get from five to fifteen new ones. Such pruning, by the way, goes to the adult bush for good. All kinds of geraniums can easily multiply by cuttings within a year, but the most favorable for cuttings time is the beginning of spring - February-March - or the end of summer - July-August. The cut stem in the cuttings is slightly wilted, and then, when planted in a substrate, they are kept in a dry state, that is, they are not sprayed and are rarely watered. After rooting, the sprout is plucked.
Care for geraniums
Care for homemade geraniums is very simple. It does not require much attention to itself, but will please you with the beauty of its flowering almost throughout the year.
Geranium is a very light-loving plant and, unlike its fellow humans, is not afraid of direct sunlight. If the illumination is not enough, the geranium loses its brightness of color and leaves, and colors.
- Temperature conditions
To grow geraniums requires a moderate temperature of 18-20 ° C. In winter it is desirable to provide it with a lowered temperature, but not below 8-10 ° C.
In summer, geraniums require abundant watering, and in winter -moderate. Excessive water is desirable to divert, because stagnant moisture leads to decay of the roots. Geranium accumulates moisture in its leaves, so waterlogging for it is more dangerous than a lack of moisture. Spraying geranium is not required.
- Additional fertilizing
Feed the plant once or twice a month with universal fertilizers. There are special fertilizers for geranium, so it is preferable to buy them.
A universal earth mixture is suitable for geranium, but this plant needs good drainage, because stagnant water is very dangerous for it.
If the pot becomes small to the plant, thenIt is necessary to replant it in the spring. Otherwise, it suffices to restrict the replacement of the topsoil. To do this, you need to remove about two centimeters of soil and sprinkle a fresh soil mixture.
Diseases of geraniums
With proper care, geranium is rarely sick. But even if this happens, it is easy to save the plant, providing the necessary help in time. Diseases of domestic geraniums are the result of poor or improper care - insufficient lighting, increased humidity of the air and roots. But there are also viruses that can hit your geranium through the soil. Therefore, the soil during transplantation must be sterilized. The most dangerous diseases for geraniums are nematodes, as when a plant suffers from this attack, the plant dies. A characteristic feature of the disease is the formation of large nodes on the roots. Such soil becomes generally unsuitable for the cultivation of any plant. Represent for geranium danger and fungal diseases, such as gray and root rot, rust, etc. They are often the result of poor drainage and waterlogging. Ши д Cши Cши Cши д C C Cши Cши д C Cши C C C C д C C C C C C C C C д C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C It is necessary to fight them in the usual ways. From aphids, it is suitable to wash the plant with a solution of household soap. From the mucus crown, geraniums are thoroughly washed with running water. Whitefly is a serious pest close to aphids, which is not so easy to cope with. The development of this pest is promoted by dry hot air, and the most significant harm is brought by the larvae. They, located on the lower surface of the leaves, pull all the juices from the plants. At the same time, they pollute the leaves with sugary isolates, on which a sooty fungus develops due to this. This interferes with the normal development of the plant. The leaves turn yellow, wither and then fall off. The whitefly, when treated with poisons, adapts very quickly to them, therefore, in order to get rid of it, it is necessary to alternate various preparations. For example, Fufanon, Actellik, Confidor and Bison. Carefully read the instructions on the packaging. With whitefly, it's very difficult to fight, so you just have to prevent it from appearing.
Possible problems in growing geraniums
- The lower leaves of the plant fall yellow, and then fall off. Possible causes may be lack of light, insufficient or excessive watering. With a lack of light, the leaves simply turn pale, and their shape and appearance does not change. In this case, you just need to ensure that the plants are refreshed. When there is insufficient watering, the tips of the leaves dry, and in the case of excessive watering, the leaves fade, and then rot.
- Blotch the edges of the leaves. This means that the plant is cold and should be moved to a warmer place.
- Geranium does not blossom. This happens either with a lack of light, or at too low a temperature.
Knowing all the secrets, you can easily grow a very beautiful geranium. We advise you to read: