Almost every girl and woman knows thatsuch a violation of the microflora of the vagina, or vaginal dysbiosis (dysbiosis). This is a very insidious disease, because it is asymptomatic, does not let you know about yourself, but in time can lead to serious complications. Therefore, it is important to know what are the causes and symptoms of this disease and how to restore the vaginal microflora.
Causes of vaginal dysbiosis
Causes that caused a violation of the microflora of the vagina, a lot. The most common of these are:
- hypothermia, which reduces local and general immunity, which often affects the microflora of the vagina;
- hormonal disorders, which lead to irregular sexual life or malfunctions of the menstrual cycle, as well as puberty, pregnancy, postdoctoral period, abortion, menopause, etc .;
- the change of climate is often the cause of exacerbation of dysbiosis;
- sexually transmitted infections;
- infections of the pelvic organs that lead to inflammatory processes;
- antibiotic therapy;
- lack of personal hygiene;
- bowel disease, especially dysbiosis;
- violation of the rules for the use of tampons during menstruation: untimely replacement of them creates all conditions for the development of dysbiosis and inflammation of the vagina.
These factors do not necessarily lead toviolation of the microflora of the vagina. If a woman's immune system is in order, in most cases she independently maintains a healthy microflora, and in case of small deviations helps her to return to normal. However, if a woman is constantly confronted with any of the factors listed (for example, if the intestine is constantly supercooled or does not heal), then the probability of microflora disorders increases.
Symptoms of vaginal dysbiosis
As already mentioned, usually dysbiosisis asymptomatic. Periodically, there may be a change in vaginal discharge, but for quite a long time the woman does not notice any abnormalities. If any of the following symptoms are observed, this is the reason to pay a visit to the gynecologist, as they can talk about the problem:
- increase in the number of vaginal discharge, especially white-yellow color;
- secretions have an unpleasant odor;
- dryness or other uncomfortable sensations in the field of external genitalia (including during intercourse).
More this disease is no othersigns do not betray themselves. If you observe any other symptoms, this indicates that dysbiosis has led to complications - inflammation or infection. The signs of inflammation are:
- sensation of burning, pain, itching in the external genitalia and in the vagina;
- feeling of dryness in the vagina during intercourse.
In addition, vaginal dysbiosis can lead to other, much more serious complications:
- infection of the uterus, which can provoke the development of endometritis;
- infection of the appendages, leading to adnexitis;
- damage to the urethra and bladder, it can lead to urethritis and cyst.
Therefore, at the first signs, indicating a deviation from the norm, make a visit to the doctor.
Treatment of violations of the microflora of the vagina: elimination of the cause
Classical medicine offers a program for the restoration of the microflora of the vagina, consisting of three steps:
- elimination of bacteria that caused microflora disorders;
- directly restore vaginal microflora;
- restoration of immunity of the vaginal wall, in order to maintain a healthy microflora in the future.
Next, we will examine each step in more detail. In order to cure the disease, first of all, it is necessary to eliminate the cause that led to its development. As already explained, the reasons can be different. To begin with, the doctor will prescribe tests. It is important that the tests, which will appoint a gynecologist, have been given to both partners. This will additionally help to identify the cause of dysbiosis. In addition, if the cause is an infection that is sexually transmitted, then this will help prevent a partner from re-infection. If the cause is really a sexually transmitted infection, you need to eliminate the causative agent of the disease. In this case, you can not do without a course of antibiotic therapy, that is, taking antibiotics. Usually prescribe such drugs: Sumamed, Trichopolum, Amoxiclav, Doxycycline, etc. If the sexual infections were not found, then it is not necessary to take antibiotics. It is possible not to use antibacterial therapy, or to conduct a very short course - no more than 5 days. Further, it is necessary to conduct local procedures, the effectiveness of which is difficult to overestimate. To this end, apply classical medical tampons and baths. These procedures are carried out in a complex manner. They suppress the pathogenic microflora, restore healthy and correct local immunity. In this case, antiseptics are used. The best antiseptic in this case is Miramistin. When the cause of the disturbance of microflora is detected and eliminated, it is time to restore normal microflora.
Restoration of vaginal microflora
This step always consists in correcting the localimmunity. Doing this is important for the reason that the violation of the microflora of the vagina is associated with a decrease in the immunity of its walls. Namely, the wall of the vagina, or rather, its immunity, and controls the state of the vaginal microflora. It turns out a vicious circle: until the immunity of the vaginal wall is normalized, the microflora can not return to normal. If the disease is not started, then local immunomodulators are prescribed. If the disease has passed into a neglected stage, treatment requires a more complex and integrated approach. Often the course starts with immunomodulatory treatment and then connects with antibiotic therapy. Quite often the cause of disorders of microflora is thrush. To restore the microflora of the vagina in this case is quite difficult, because thrush often occurs as a result of antibiotic treatment. Therefore, the course of treatment consists of treatment with antibiotics, then treatment from them (from the consequences), and then a recovery course is conducted. Usually treatment takes 3-4 weeks. After the course, you need to undergo a follow-up check and make tests to make sure the treatment is effective. If the tests are good, then the treatment stops. Now the main task is to maintain a healthy microflora and apply preventive measures so that the disease does not return again.
Preparations for the restoration of the microflora of the vagina
There are many medicines to solve this problem.Problems. But you must remember that appoint them must only doctor. Never do self-medication and do not prescribe drugs, candles, etc. to yourself. The matter is that with a choice it is possible to be mistaken easily, as not all preparations for restoration of a microflora equally effectively work in different cases. Very special vaginal probiotics containing lactobacilli are very good for recovery. And here it is important not to make a mistake with the choice. Any infection destroys the upper layer of the epithelium, it sluschivaetsya. Thus, useful microorganisms can not gain a foothold in the vagina and die after 5-7 days. If you use conventional probiotics, then this will not solve the problem. Therefore, you need to use a dual-action drug: on the one hand, it will colonize healthy microorganisms in the vagina, and on the other, will help restore and build up the epithelium. Thus, microorganisms will be fixed on it - and the microflora will recover. Such preparations are vaginal tablets "Laktogin" ("Vagilak"), "Ginoflora", "Ecofemin". After the course you need to wait a week or a little more. If during this time the symptoms of the disease were not found, the gynecologist can prescribe the course "Vaginorm". This is also vaginal pills that restore the normal balance of the pH of the vagina, thereby contributing to the development of healthy microflora. The course lasts 1 week. In addition, prescribe and vaginal suppositories to restore the vaginal microflora. For example, the "Bifidumabacterin" candles have perfectly proven themselves. The course of treatment with these candles lasts 10 days, you need to put 1 candle every morning. A similar course is prescribed with Lactobacterin suppositories, but they should be put on at night. Another good candle for the restoration of microflora is Kipferon. Treatment with these candles is 2-3 courses, 10 times with a break for 1 week. The doctor can prescribe and the drug "Normofloriny" B and L. These drugs for the treatment of dysbiosis, taken inside morning and evening for 1 month. In addition, do not neglect the diet: during treatment, it is necessary to include in the diet sour-milk products, which will also contribute to the restoration of the flora and enhance the effect of drugs and suppositories. Whatever treatment the doctor has appointed, it is very important to periodically take tests (bacteriological cultures) to monitor changes in microflora.
Treatment of vaginal dysbiosis: folk remedies
You can try to restore the flora withpeople's means. However, if you decide to try them, be sure to consult your gynecologist: the doctor should know what measures you are taking to cure. Only after consent of the doctor can calmly proceed to the procedures. What does the traditional medicine offer to women in such cases?
Courses can be repeated, but between each of them it is necessary to take a break. During menstruation procedures are not carried out.
Prevention of violations of the vaginal microflora
Finally, when the treatment is over,the last stage is the prevention of the disease. In fact, this is a rather difficult stage, because often the cause of vaginal dysbiosis can not be established. In this case, the doctor can give general recommendations:
- strengthening of immunity. Usually, doctors prescribe "Immunal", "Cycloferon", "Polyoxidonium", etc .;
- observance of personal hygiene;
- regular visit to the gynecologist 1 time in 3 months. This will help not miss a possible relapse. If within a year after the course of treatment there were no relapses, then visits to the gynecologist can be made more rare - once every six months.
In addition, it is important to remember what leads todisease, and try to avoid these factors: do not overcool, lead a healthy lifestyle, observe personal hygiene (especially during menstruation), treat other diseases on time, eat right, take vitamins to keep immunity at a high level.