The beauty and comfort of your own house are the roads of eachmistress. And so they are more expensive, the more their own labor was invested in them. But if you decompose the pillows on the couch and decorate the coffee table with a vase of fruit, you can and without some training and knowledge, then paint the walls in the apartment at random - just pointless. It will be "bear labor", which will have to be altered. But if you take into account the necessary nuances and try to understand the essence of the matter, the result can be different.
How to paint the walls in the apartment: recommendations
Painted walls in the apartment attractattention, since their area is significant on the scale of the existing dwelling. If the work was carried out "through the sleeves," the cracks, the villi from the brush, the stains and swabs would be unattractive in front of the eyes. To achieve a good result, you need to follow a certain sequence. Before painting the walls in the room, they should be prepared. It is easiest in the situation when the "experimental" plane was not subjected to the previous painting. In this case, all the dust and dirt is carefully removed from the plastered surface. It should be checked whether there are cracks, potholes, irregularities and other blemishes that require elimination. The existing defects are corrected by the putty, and then again we clean out the existing dirt and dust. Otherwise, the layer of paint will lie unevenly, which will subsequently lead to cracking and peeling. In the event that your walls have already been painted or wallpapered, you need to act differently. Initially, remove, with very carefully, the previous layer of paint or wallpaper, clean the surface of the wallpaper glue. And how to paint the walls in the apartment, if the old wallpaper is kept pretty tight? It can not be said that this method is often practiced, but nevertheless, one can paint walls without cleaning. To do this, it is necessary to prime the surface with a primer alkyd paint, diluting it with 1/3 white spirit. How to paint walls in a room, if old cracks, fungus, oil spots, etc. were found out? Affected places must be treated with alkaline or acidic compounds, isolated with acidic mixtures or removed mechanically. Pieces of poor plaster are removed, they should be replaced with a new coating. The existing cracks are first slightly enlarged, and then closed: shallow "heal" with alabaster, and large ones - with a solution with the addition of alabaster or PVA glue. After making sure that the walls are ready for further work, they apply a primer. Penetrating the pores of the surface, the soil strengthens it, improves the adhesion of applied layers of putty and various paints. To achieve a smooth painting of the walls, it will be necessary to treat the ground with a fine sandpaper and apply a second layer of soil. Apply the paint only after the surfaces have dried completely. Do this also in several layers, the last of which is applied in the direction of the light rays.
How to paint walls correctly: applying paint
After preparing the space for activities, a logical question arises: how to paint walls correctly. Without knowledge of the specifics, one wrong swab - and all the work will be spoiled.
- The paint is applied evenly. First you should move in one direction, and after - perpendicular to the first direction of motion. It is not necessary to be lazy to shade, otherwise the surface will not be uniformly colored, after a while the excess of not shaded paint will drain and the surface will become impartial. For the same reason, do not use too liquid paints or paint in several thick layers.
- The last movement of the brush should be done from the top down.
- If paints are used on linseed oil, then at the end with light smoothing movements they move perpendicular to the direction of the previous movement. It is recommended to choose a hair brush.
To properly paint the walls of large areas,they must first be divided into smaller areas, which can be limited by strips or seams. You can paint the door leaf with paint on the varnish entirely, but with the use of oil enamels, the best result is achievable when dividing the whole area into certain small areas. Complex embossed surfaces with depressions of different plan do not require the application of a large amount of paint, because it will start to drain and wrinkle, and will dry much longer. How to paint the wall smoothly, if there are no additional landmarks? It is necessary to use a self-adhesive tape, which is glued to a line pre-beaten with a plumb or cord.
What color paint walls?
What color to paint the walls of different rooms,What should be taken into account when selecting and what to pay close attention to? Questions are reasonable. After all, in kitchens and bathrooms there is increased humidity, and living rooms are more dry. And if the conditions are different, then the paint for them should be different. Or is it possible to find a universal option? Experts say that it is best to paint walls of residential premises with water-based paint. This choice is justified by a number of features:
- Absence of toxic components;
- No characteristic unpleasant odor;
- Fire safety (due to the absence of organic solvents).
- The product is environmentally friendly.
You can find the name of the input-dispersionpaint. This is due to the fact that the paint can consist of various binding components based on an aqueous dispersion of polyvinyl acetate, styrene copolymers, polyacrylates and pigments. The components do not dissolve in water, but are suspended in it. After applying the paint and evaporation of water on the surface, a film is created. When the walls were painted with water-based paint and allowed to dry thoroughly, the dried film forms a moisture-resistant coating. Hence, the conclusion is that it is possible to use a similar paint in rooms with high humidity. Painting walls with water-based paint can be brick, wooden, concrete, plastered surfaces and plasterboard structures. Do not put them on metal products and planes, because the presence of water can lead to the appearance of rust. How to paint the walls with water-based paint? Is it easy? Any special difficulties, in any case, should not be called. Exceptions can form surfaces with already applied glossy coating. But on the water-dispersion layer, you can apply any paint. How to paint walls with water-based paint, if you want to create your own unique interior with color? In this case, first of all, decide on the amount of paint you need to paint all the necessary planes. Note that if the count is incorrect, the "discrepancy" in the colors can not be avoided. It's fine if a small amount of paint is still left in case the walls somewhere get pulled over or the children outline them. To make colored painted walls in the apartment, take the white paint in the right amount and literally drop by drop add dye, do not forget to stir it thoroughly. Remember that the color of the paint on the wall and in the tank will vary. A test smear on the wall is needed to make sure that the gamma is selected according to your own wishes. Water-based paint is better to paint the walls in several layers (2-3). For the lower layer, you can dilute the paint with water, but no more than 10%. The following layers are applied undiluted.
How to properly paint the walls with a roller and how to choose it?
Before you understand how to paint walls with a roller,it is necessary to understand its design. The structure of the device includes the roller itself (a roller in a "coat" or a cylinder) and a handle with a frame. It is very convenient for them to paint large areas, for example, concrete and plaster. The most demanded rollers, the fur coat of which by the method of heating is applied to the roller. During cooling, it is firmly attached to the roller. The connection is reliable and durable, there are no seams on the surface, which is very important for painting. What kind of roller paint walls depends on the chemical resistance of the material.
- Roller made of polyacryl or nylon with fabricbasis. They differ in the strength of the material, they are resistant to the influence of an aggressive environment, they are most often produced in white with colored strips. This model is suitable for epoxy, polyurethane or nitrocellulose paints.
- Polyester and velvet roller paint wallsit is better if alkyd or oil paints are used. Polyester absorbs the paint well, and the velor is flexible and durable, it can be chosen for finishing and varnishing.
- Painting walls with a roller made of foam rubber is convenient if water-emulsion, acrylic, silicate or silicone paints are used.
How to properly paint the walls with a roller, if the wallslarge area? To do this, manufacturers have provided rollers of different sizes. For proper painting of the walls with a roller, you should prepare. Prepare a flat metal box in which the longitudinal walls resemble the shape of a trapezoid. The sieve cells to be installed in the box must be approximately 10-20 mm. Carrying on the roller roller, you will remove all the excess paint that can spoil your whole work with your uneven strokes and drops. Technique: for an area of about 1 square. meter should be applied 3 strips of paint, then they are rolled with a squeezed roller, achieving uniform distribution of the paint over the surface. How to paint the walls in stripes using a roller? How to achieve smooth line drawing? Nothing is complicated here, just a little creativity and patience. Prepare a narrow brush and roller, paint tape, varnish and paint. And then, follow the step by step instructions.
To paint walls in a strip, but smaller, it is possible on the same technology. The only difference is that the wall is covered with a base color, and after that, colored stripes are applied.
Bathroom and kitchen: how and what to do?
To paint the walls in the bathroom, you need to perform the following procedure:
Now you can paint the walls in the bathroom, draw ontheir marine and oceanic landscapes, or what you want to see in this room. And what to paint walls in the bathroom and what paint to create picturesque paintings? Choose a water-resistant finish paint: it's pretty good to draw, in addition, we take into account the increased humidity of the room. On top, the walls in the bathroom should be painted with a colorless strengthening varnish, which will allow your composition to be more durable. How to paint the walls in the kitchen and are there any features? Consider the presence of open flames, remember that flammable materials should not be used. Painting walls in the kitchen is better than semi-glossy and glossy compounds, since such a surface will be more even and not absorbing dirt. It is very easy to take care of such painting: it is enough to wipe with a damp rag. But here there are also their "buts": the more gloss, the more obvious the unevenness of the base. Matte paint can hide defects, but get it with the addition of silicon oxide, which gives the surface an invisible roughness. And this helps to accumulate dirt and dust. What to choose, you decide naturally. In any specialized store you can be given a good advice on what to pick up and with what to combine it. Proceed from your wishes and the characteristics of the means of coverage. Successful repair! We advise you to read: