To teach a child to brush his teeth is not sojust as it might seem at first glance. Kids do not like this business and try in every possible way to avoid hygienic procedures. Someone goes to the trick and secretly squeezes pasta into the sink, others pretend to wash, but only face wet. But even those who try to be diligent, can not properly brush their teeth. The maximum - 30 seconds brush on the enamel, and then rinse your mouth. As a result, the baby's teeth begin to rot, caries, plaque and tartar appear. And this poses a serious threat, as the infection can move to permanent (radical) teeth. Therefore, it is so important not only to teach your child to do everything right, but also to explain that his health depends on it. And the sooner you start brushing your teeth, the better.
We begin with the basics: we watch the cleanliness of the mouth of very small children
Until a year old children should not be given a dentalbrush, as he can swallow it, scratch yourself or injure yourself. Parents will have to take care of the oral cavity. In doing so, you must remember that everything is done voluntarily, accurately and with a good mood, otherwise you just will be afraid of such procedures. But how to brush your teeth a one-year-old child who still does not really understand anything? In fact, everything is simple, the main thing - patience. So, if he is a little less than a year, you can simply remove the remains of food with a piece of cloth. To do this you will need a regular napkin and peeled boiled water. We muffle a piece and begin to wipe them with enamel. Thus, your baby will get used to the fact that after each meal should clean the mouth. You can also brush your teeth with a special fingertip. It can be purchased at a pharmacy. Thanks to this device, you can remove even the dirt between your teeth. At the same time, you will count on your strength and do no harm to a small crumb. When a child grows up a little (1.5-2 years), it will be possible gradually to accustom him to independence. Naturally, at first it is difficult to do, because the kid always wants to play. As a result - the toothpaste is on my mother, and on the mirror, and on the towel, and on the hair. Nothing in this is terrible, because all the kids, including you, have started like this. Therefore, you do not need to scold and punish for such innocent pranks. You just need to explain that it's not worth it. Show how to squeeze out the paste correctly, what you need to do with a brush. And the first six months or a year, brush your teeth. When you already understand that he himself can cope with the task, safely trust him so responsible and important business.
How to first introduce a child to a toothbrush
As psychologists say, from how you are in the firstIf you do everything, it depends whether the baby will like to brush his teeth or not. The child needs to be shown that this is not scary or painful, but fun and funny. In the very first few times you can do everything together, showing an example to the kid. Let him see that even mom and dad are not afraid of this "monster". Kids generally like to imitate adults. Preliminary it is necessary to walk with the child on shops that the child has chosen for itself a beautiful tooth-brush. Remember that every person should have it. At the same time, make sure that it complies with all norms and standards. Bristles should not be too sharp, hard, and the head - long. Excellent, if the villi are of different lengths, located at an oblique angle. Due to this, it is easier to clean the interdental spaces, in which food is constantly left and bacteria are accumulated. The head itself should not be too large and bulky, maximum - in the two front teeth of the baby. It is better to take a round brush, without protruding corners. So you will definitely be sure that your child will not damage the gum, will not be scratched and will not beat a tooth. As for the color and shape of the handle, everything depends on the desire of your baby. If he has any favorite heroes or little animals, they can be painted on a brush. By the way, there are models made in the form of rattles, when a sound is produced inside the pen. They are made in such a way that the child knows when he is performing the wrong movements. After all, noises only appear if the brush is positioned vertically, not horizontally. Also, a small man can be interested in a toy brush, made in the form of pupae, cars, etc. If you want your baby to know when it's time to finish brushing your teeth, use a special model that either changes color, or the sound emits after three minutes. Note: the toothbrush changes every three months. Otherwise, the villagers will multiply bacteria that can get into an unprotected child's body. You do not want to drive your baby to the dentist from an early age. Therefore, do not forget about such an important rule.
Choosing toothpaste for a child
The very first thing you should pay attention towhen buying toothpaste - this is the age category. Today you can buy products for children under 5-6 years old, in which there is practically no fluoride and other similar elements, and for schoolchildren from 6 to 13. In the second case, the paste is almost exactly the same as in adults, only the concentration of the fluoride itself is smaller. Plus, they are often completely hypoallergenic. Pay attention to the contents. Always read the composition. Manufacturers are required to indicate the amount of fluoride contained in the paste, and also for what age their product is suitable. Do not experiment with various supplements, without consulting with a pediatric dentist. Yes, there are those that help with the growth of teeth. They have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. But if your baby is allergic, this option is completely contraindicated. Ask if there is a certificate confirming the quality of the products. You do not want the crumb to poison yourself with a fake. The tube itself should be tight, without sharp corners, otherwise the curious child will simply be injured. And do not forget to look at the expiration date. A one-year-old needs to buy the most simple baby toothpaste, preferably with a taste of berries. Sweetish flavor and bright color, of course, will attract the attention of the child, but in this case, caution should be exercised. Kids love to taste everything, so the contents of the tube risk to migrate to the stomach of a little man. In small doses, of course, this is not dangerous. But after all, your child can swallow half a pack, while you are distracted by something else. So always keep an eye on the process. The first two or three times the paste can not even be used at all. Wet the brush and drag it along the teeth of the crumbs. He is not afraid anymore? Excellent. Now we teach him not to swallow saliva during cleaning, but spit into the sink. And when he learns to even do it, you can start more serious procedures. We extrude a paste (the size of a pea, no more) on the head, then gently begin to clean the front teeth. If the baby does not like something, stop for a while. Let completely calm down. You can distract him by using, for example, a toy, a TV, etc.
Technique for cleaning teeth: how to do it right
Unfortunately, even older men and women do notalways know how to properly brush your teeth. Sluggish movements to the left and to the right, performed by sleep or at night, no matter how sad it sounded, there would not be any benefit. Only dirt will smear and time will be wasted. So, let's remember how to brush your teeth correctly. If it is front or side, then the brush is located at a small angle (somewhere in 45 degrees). The movements themselves are soft, progressive, from the gum to the edge, as if you are scraping the dirt off the surface. Do not do round movements at all, as you can bring some muck into the gum. And do not press hard on the brush so that the handle crunches. If you overdo it, a baby can either get a tooth to get sick, or a piece of enamel will break away. Also you can show the child a cartoon in which some fairy-tale hero will talk about how important it is to brush your teeth and take care of the oral cavity. Plus, in a playful form, he will show what the child should do, so that he does not have any problems with caries. Another option, how can you teach your baby to take care of his teeth - take him to a children's dentist. There he will be offered to perform this procedure, then attach a special apparatus to the enamel. The monitor will show whether everything was properly cleaned. Having seen germs with their own eyes, perhaps, children will not want to neglect elementary rules of hygiene. But this step should be taken only when your child understands and understands everything. And this is, at least, 6-7 years.
Time for cleaning teeth
How many times a day and how long does it take to cleanteeth, so that they are snow-white, healthy and beautiful? As a one-year-old child, an adult should spend 2-3 minutes a day in the morning and evening. If the baby gets bored quickly, you must come up with some interesting game to divert attention. If you want, you can arrange a competition for someone who can better cope with this task. Remember that with shouts and punishment you in this case will not help. Only do harm, because then the baby will go to the bath as if he is being tortured there. And we are not trying to turn the elementary rules of hygiene into a hated occupation that will be wanted to be avoided.
To keep your teeth healthy
Surely you want your crumbs to behealthy white smile. But how to achieve this? Believe me, only brushing your teeth will not be enough. There are many other factors that affect the gums and enamel. Therefore, you should do everything possible to avoid some dental diseases.
- Visit a regular dentist
Milk teeth are more prone to tooth decay, soyou with a crumb should go to the clinic at least once a quarter. Of course, for the first time the baby will resist, be capricious, scream. But if you kindly explain that this uncle will not do anything to him, he will calm down. There are many different opinions as to when the doctor should be visited for the first time. Ideally - as soon as the teeth began to erupt. But if the child is calm, you can wait a little longer. Dite cries for days and nights? Well, I'll have to go to the examination. Also, if something happened to the teeth of your child (fell off a piece, knocked out the whole, the enamel cracked), immediately go to the dentist. Do not wait for the right moment - it may not come. And the fragment will permanently injure the cheek or gum, causing pain.
- Proper nutrition
An important role in this case is played by the fact,than you feed your baby. Try from the very childhood to accustom it to useful products. Give vegetables, fruits, make porridge on milk. But sweets, butter and flour should be avoided. Sweet - the biggest enemy of teeth. It is better to replace chocolates and bars with dried fruits, honey, jam. And do not forget to remind the baby that after each meal, he should rinse his mouth. As you can see, nothing complicated and supernatural from the parents is required. But remember, the earlier you begin to teach your baby the basic rules of hygiene, the higher the likelihood that he will continue to observe them. At an older age, babies begin to protest if their parents try to force them to brush their teeth. But, of course, the last word is still for moms and dads.