Everyone heard the saying "Do not be born beautiful, butborn happy. " And I want to add - and healthy. A woman's health primarily depends on a happy hormonal background. The entire hormonal background of a woman consists of four main hormones - progesterone, testosterone, estrogen and prolactin. In the event that the content of a hormone increases or decreases, there is an imbalance of the hormonal background. It is the hormonal disorders in women that lead to the development of most diseases of the female sexual sphere and negatively affect the psychological state of the woman. The consequences of hormonal imbalance, for example, are such diseases as obesity, polycystic ovaries, excessive hair growth, menstrual disorders, infertility, uterine myoma and many others.
Causes of hormonal imbalance
A few decades ago, the imbalancehormonal background was rare. The modern rhythm of life leads to the fact that an increasing number of women of all ages face a pathological change in the hormonal background of their body, varying degrees of severity. Factors provoking hormonal imbalance can be:
Types of female hormones
How to identify a hormonal disorder? hormonal disorders in women, the symptoms are very different, depending on what kind of hormone is not enough. This is exactly what will be discussed below.
And you should start with the main female hormone -estrogen. For the first time estrogen makes itself felt during the puberty of the girl - he is responsible for the growth and subsequent work of the uterus, mammary glands. In adult women, estrogen is responsible for the menstrual cycle, the state of the endometrium of the uterus, the willingness of the genitals to conceive, bear pregnancy and childbirth. In addition, estrogen affects the work of not only the sexual organs of women, but also many other vital systems. Estrogen prevents the occurrence of cholesterol plaques on the walls of the vessels, which lead to the development of atherosclerosis, regulates water-salt metabolism in the body, is responsible for the normal level of skin moisture and the work of the sebaceous glands. It is estrogen responsible for the sufficient content of calcium and phosphorus in the body of a woman. With its lack, the development of osteoporosis is almost inevitable. In addition, the low content of this hormone leads to the development of diseases such as cervical erosion, obesity, breast tumors, autonomic disorders and depressive conditions.
Progesterone in doctors - endocrinologists wearssecret name for the pregnancy hormone. It is on him that determines whether a woman can become a mother - he regulates the menstrual cycle and the process of conception and gestation. Progesterone is responsible for preparing the breast for breastfeeding. Lowering the hormone progesterone can lead to the development of various inflammatory processes in the uterine cavity, the violation of ovulation, the emergence of severe uterine bleeding and prolonged and painful menstruation. The purity of the skin is also largely dependent on progesterone - with its lack of skin can appear acne and even boils. In the event that the pregnancy has occurred, and in the body of the future mother significantly lowered the level of progesterone, spontaneous abortion is possible - miscarriage. However, too high of its content can also have a negative impact on the health of women, leading to the development of kidney failure, violations of the normal menstrual cycle and the formation of a yellow body cyst.
Very many people consider testosteroneexclusively male hormone. However, in the body of a woman, he plays far from the last role. First, testosterone is responsible for the sex drive of a woman. Secondly, a lower content of testosterone in the female body can lead to the development of the same renal failure, a failure in the work of sweat and sebaceous glands, as well as the failure of the menstrual cycle. However, the overabundance of testosterone also has a very negative effect on the work of the female body. So, for example, often as a result of an excess of the hormone of progesterone, a woman can develop tumors. As a rule, it is possible to suspect the increased content of the hormone progesterone in appearance and voice of a woman: her voice is low enough, and the hairiness occurs according to the male type.
Prolactin also takes the most directparticipation in water-salt metabolism. But his main task is the responsibility for the growth and development of the mammary glands of a teenage girl, and also for the production of milk from a nursing woman. In the event that prolactin in the body is not enough, there may be underdevelopment of the mammary glands, a decrease in the amount of milk produced during breastfeeding of the baby, and a malfunction of the menstrual cycle is possible. In order to develop prolactin in sufficient quantities, especially in nursing mothers, you need proper nutrition, optimal physical activity, proper rest and sleep. With a lower content of prolactin, a serious enough hormonal failure occurs in the body.
Diagnosis and treatment of hormonal disorders
In order to detect the presence in the bodywomen hormonal imbalance, you need to seek help from a doctor - an endocrinologist. The doctor will examine the woman and send her for blood tests. This is how hormonal disorders in a woman's body are detected. Blood must be given several times, on different days of the menstrual cycle. Thus, it becomes clear which hormones are missing or produced in excess. After that, the woman, to establish the causes of hormonal imbalance, will be conducted a number of the following surveys:
- Ultrasound examination of the main organs and systems of the body.
- Computer tomography of the brain.
- Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy.
- Investigation of the fundus.
As a rule, the diagnosis of hormonal disordersdoes not provide much effort for doctors. In most cases, to restore the hormonal balance in the body it is necessary to eliminate its root cause. In addition, a woman must undergo the necessary course of hormone therapy - the intake of special hormonal drugs. In some cases, there is a need for ongoing maintenance hormone therapy. However, this happens rarely enough. Such drugs are selected by a doctor - an endocrinologist strictly individually in each case - universal treatment schemes simply do not exist. The doctor calculates the dosage of hormonal drugs, taking into account the weight of the sick woman, her age, the level of blood levels of a hormone, the characteristics of the general state of health and much more. Adequate treatment very quickly brings a noticeable improvement - hormonal disorders disappear, the work of the reproductive system of a woman is restored in full. A wrongly selected treatment scheme is able not only to not improve the hormonal background of a woman, but also lead to irreparable pathological changes. That's why in any case it is inadmissible to engage in self-medication. Do not play Russian roulette with your own health. By the law of probability theory, one day you will lose anyway. We advise you to read: