Testosterone is a sex hormone that is availableboth in the male and in the female body, participating in the normalization of the work of many human organs. It is formed in the testicles of men, in the ovaries of women and partly in the adrenal cortex. The amount of testosterone depends on the person's age, on the condition of his body, on the occupation and on the time of day. For a man, he provides high sexual activity, strength and endurance.
The importance of testosterone in the body of a woman
In women - responsible for libido and regulationfat and muscle mass, the formation of bone tissue and the prevention of osteoporosis. In addition, testosterone in women helps maintain the normal energy level of the body. One of the causes of chronic fatigue is the decrease in the amount of this hormone. Reduced testosterone is observed in women-vegetarians and in those who adhere to a low-carb diet. A lowered level of testosterone can also signal about uterine myoma, endometriosis, osteoporosis, breast cancer and so on. A low indicator of this hormone in a woman is the norm in the menopause period.
Causes and signs of increased testosterone
Increased testosterone in women is foundmuch more often than men. In medicine, this is called hyperandrogenism. To recognize the symptoms of an elevated testosterone level is quite simple. In women, the menstrual cycle is broken and there may be no ovulation. High testosterone is the cause of infertility. As a result of an increased level of testosterone, there is also a risk of diabetes and complications of childbirth, sleep is disturbed. Signs of hyperandrogenism are hair loss and the manifestation of masculine qualities of character: aggressiveness, aspiration for leadership, ambitiousness. Start to actively grow hair on the face, back, hands, fingers. The skin becomes oily and aches, and the voice - low. A female figure takes on a masculine shape. Such women are more prone to alcohol and gambling abuse. The clitoris can grow and expand beyond the labia. The causes of increased testosterone in women are: hyperactive adrenal cortex work, malnutrition, genetic predisposition or various tumors. Pregnancy increases the level of this hormone, which is the norm. The maximum parameters are reached by the third semester of pregnancy. Strict control over the level of testosterone is required, since its high rate can cause a frozen pregnancy. How to lower testosterone in women?
Methods of treatment
It is easier to treat the disease at the beginning of its development. First you need to see a doctor-gynecologist and take a referral for testosterone analysis. It is taken on the 6th-7th day of the menstrual cycle. Before the analysis, you can not eat anything for 12 hours, play sports, smoke, you can drink only water. The norm of testosterone in adult women is 0.45-3.75 nmol / l. If the level of the hormone is really high, then the doctor will prescribe medication. Most often, women are treated with the following drugs: diane 35, diethylstilbestrol, cyproterone, dexamethasone, and digestin. Do not under any circumstances carry out independent treatment with hormonal preparations. This is very dangerous and can lead to side effects. In case of successful treatment, the level of testosterone comes back to normal, but constant monitoring of its content is very important, as after the cessation of medical treatment, it can again start to rise. Compliance with the diet also lowers testosterone levels, while increasing estrogen. To do this, you need to eat more foods that are rich in female hormone. For example, soy products, apples, cherries, rice and wheat. You can lower testosterone if you also consume vegetable oil, fried potatoes and meat, vegetables, sugar, cream, 1 cup of coffee and 3 grams of salt per day. Treatment with folk remedies is used as a way of lowering the level of testosterone in the body. Some medicinal herbs reduce the number of male hormones. These include: vitex sacred, enotera, angelica, licorice root, marjin root. Yoga is a very effective and interesting method that helps to reduce testosterone in women. A person achieves physical and spiritual harmony, and as a consequence, leads the body to purification from slags, self-regulation of the work of all its organs and elimination of existing deviations, restoration of the hormonal balance. It is necessary to constantly train and improve your technique in order to achieve a positive result and consolidate it. Sports are very useful. In addition to yoga, it is recommended to practice pilates 3-4 times a week. However, with an increased level of testosterone, excessive strength training should be avoided so as not to provoke excessive muscle growth. Acupuncture also helps lower testosterone levels. Puncture by thin needles can improve the energy exchange of the body, increase estrogen and reduce testosterone. Testosterone is a very important thing for the female body. Excess and lack of this hormone can lead to serious health problems. It is necessary to undergo examination in medical centers, regularly visit an endocrinologist and gynecologist so as not to miss the onset of the development of dangerous diseases.