Herpes is a common infectiousa disease that is caused by the herpes simplex virus and is characterized by rashes in the form of grouped vesicles on the skin and mucous membranes. This disease can be of several types, but children usually have primary herpes. Children of the first years of life have maternal immunity, so they rarely have herpes. But by 3-4 years they become more susceptible to the virus, and by the age of 5 60-80% of children already have antibodies to it. The carriers of this disease are 90% of the total population. However, herpes is activated in the body only with weakened immunity, when a child develops a cold, some kind of infectious disease or suffers from stress.
Forms, types and manifestations of childhood herpes
There are several forms of childhood herpes, 8 different types of viruses, namely:
- Herpes on the lips
Refers to the simple herpes of the most famous1-st type. It is expressed in the appearance of several vesicles on the upper or lower lip, characterized by general malaise and sometimes a slight fever. The most common in children under 2 years old, but can appear in people of any age, regardless of the season. This type of herpes is one of the most inactive reactions on the body in a child, but, only once, can return again with every cold disease and weakening of immunity. That's why this is the most frequent form of herpes.
- Herpes on the body
Usually occurs in children from 3 to 4 years. On the body appear small red bubbles with a liquid inside, which in no case can not be combed, as this will cause severe itching and burning.
- Shingles Herpes
Refers to herpes simplex virus type 3 (chickenpoxsmallpox). It is a kind of virus that appears on the body of four- and five-year-old children. However, there are cases of manifestation of this type of herpes in two-year-old children. In this disease, densely located red vesicles appear in the body at the locations of the nerves (for example, on the ribs, sides). The disease passes through 2 phases, the first of which manifests itself in the form of watery bubbles, and the second - in the form of dried crusts.
- Genital herpes
It is very rare to show up in babies in the firstmonths of life. A child can become infected during childbirth if his mother suffers from genital herpes. There are red rashes on the mucous membrane of the genital organs and the inner surface of the thighs. Herpetic tonsillitis and stomatitis can be observed. This disease can lead to various complications: damage to the organs of hearing and vision, diseases of internal organs, the subsequent development of malformations. Herpes of the 6th type causes a child's roseola in children, which manifests itself in the form of patchy papular rashes of pink color. This type of herpes are affected by children under 2 years old. The disease begins with a fever, then the temperature decreases for 3-6 days, after which the exanthema appears on the skin - spotted papular eruptions 1-3 mm in size, which turn pale when pressed. This property is the hallmark of this type of herpes. Herpes on the body can last for several days, and may disappear within a few hours. The rash is localized usually on the neck, face and extremities. Herpes viruses 4, 5 and 6 types cause infectious mononucleosis - an acute infectious disease characterized by angina, fever, increased lymph nodes, spleen, liver, lymphocytosis, appearance of peripheral blood atypical mononuclears. One of the most common viruses of the 6th type is cytomegalovirus. This virus infects children usually in the manger or kindergarten. Its transmission occurs only with direct contact with the infected patient. Also, children can be infected with the virus during intrauterine development. The infection medium can be saliva, blood, urine and other biological substrates. In healthy children, cytomegalovirus is asymptomatic or accompanied by minor symptoms that disappear after a few days. Herpes viruses of the 6th and 7th types in primary infection can cause neonatal exanthema in infants. Only a qualified specialist should diagnose the child's health.
Herpes in infants
This disease occurs in infants muchmore difficult than in adults. Herpes is a very insidious infection, which can cause severe damage to internal organs and the nervous system. When the organs of vision suffer from phlebothrombosis, keratitis, iridocyclitis, chorioretinitis, complications such as herpetic sore throat, sudden deafness and damage to the inner ear can occur with hearing damage. When the cardiovascular system is affected, myocarditis and atherosclerosis of myocardiopathy occur. When a virus enters the central nervous system, encephalopathy, meningitis and nerve plexus lesions may occur. The herpes virus can lead to the emergence of schizophrenia, various depressive disorders. There may also be complications such as urethritis, prostatitis, impaired fertility in men and endometritis, colpitis and chorionitis in women.
Symptoms of herpes
Symptoms of childhood herpes can be:
- febrile condition, muscle pain, fatigue, irritability;
- burning, pain, tingling and itching at the site of future eruptions;
- the formation of ulcers and wounds at the site of rashes;
- the formation of sores in the mouth: on the gums, the inner part of the cheeks, the front part of the tongue, the throat and the sky;
- swelling and bleeding gums;
- enlargement of the lymph nodes of the neck, their soreness;
- defeat of the mucous throat with the formation of small ulcers and a grayish coating on the tonsils;
- pain when eating and drinking.
In case of appearance of the above symptomsshould always seek the advice of a pediatrician to establish the correct diagnosis and the appointment of treatment. Similar manifestations can occur with rubella. Therefore, it is worth paying attention to other factors that are the main indicators of the disease, such as:
- febrile convulsions - if the disease is not treated, then in the future, epilepsy may develop;
- lesions of the gastrointestinal tract - abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting;
- headaches and sleep disorder;
- the appearance of a rash on the back of the child, gradually shifting throughout the body.
Causes of herpes can be various untreated medical instruments that come into contact with the child's body. The virus can also be transmitted by airborne droplets.
Treatment of herpes in children
Treatment of infection should begin immediately whenthe appearance of the first signs of the disease. On this depends the duration and success of treatment. The initiated infection can acquire a chronic or recurrent form and increase the likelihood of various complications. For the treatment of the herpes virus, antiviral drugs, interferons and immunostimulants are used. Treatment of herpes in children is aimed at suppressing the activity of the virus and minimizing the manifestation of symptoms. For this, various antiviral drugs are used - pills and ointments, which relieve pain and itching. In addition, it is necessary to take antipyretics with increasing temperature and drink a large amount of liquid. One of the antiviral drugs is the drug acyclovir. Interferons destroy viruses and prevent them from multiplying uncontrollably. They are applied both in tablet form and in the form of candles. Immunostimulating drugs prevent the virus from infecting new areas of mucous membranes and internal organs, contribute to a more effective control of the virus. Applied drugs such as immunal, arpetol, groprinosin. In the presence of herpes in the mouth, you must ensure that the child does not hurt herpes sores. Do not give him a solid and hot food. With a permanent wound injury, the healing process can last for 2 weeks or more, so parents need to monitor this process. If the disease is repeated quite often, then it is necessary to consult an immunologist, who will consult how to strengthen the weakened immunity of the child. In addition, for children, the treatment of herpes must be prescribed and monitored by a pediatrician, since only a specialist can correctly calculate the dosage of the drug safe for the child's body. Once in the children's body, the herpes virus remains there for life, at times exacerbating and causing discomfort. Therefore, parents need to help their child by strictly following the recommendations and instructions of the child's doctor. Particular attention should be paid to the observance of personal hygiene. The child should have an individual towel, washcloth, soap. You should wash your hands more often. In addition, you need to increase the immunity of the child, eat right and take vitamins in the autumn-spring period. Curing herpes is completely impossible, since this disease remains in the body for life. But if you support the immunity of the child, lead a healthy lifestyle and follow the rules of personal hygiene, the illness will not return for a long time.