Viral hepatitis (HEPATITIS VIROSA) is an infectious disease that causes damage and inflammation of the liver. The most common viruses are A, B, C.
Viral diseases HEPATITIS VIROSA
Different types of hepatitis have a similar clinicalpicture, but differ sources of infection, spread, as well as the consequences of the disease. One of the symptoms of the disease is yellowing of the sclera of the eyes and skin, so sometimes the disease is called jaundice. Hepatitis A is transmitted by the faecal-household route: raw water from a contaminated source, unwashed vegetables and fruits, communication with a person infected with hepatitis, use of a shared toilet and dishes. Symptoms of the disease: malaise, general weakness, nausea, vomiting, fever. A few days later the disease passes into a latent phase and subsequently proceeds asymptomatically. The disease is widespread with general susceptibility, but the disease statistics are greatly underestimated due to difficulties in diagnosis (often the disease occurs in anicteric form). Hepatitis A epidemics occur, as a rule, in groups of people united in one institution: a school, a kindergarten, a hospital. Hepatitis A does not cause serious damage to liver cells, with a qualitative and timely treatment comes a complete recovery. Personal hygiene is the best prevention of hepatitis A, called "disease of dirty hands".
Viral hepatitis B, C
The disease caused by the causative agent of the speciesB, is characterized by severe damage to the liver cells. Because of the inflammatory process, cells are replaced with scar tissue, fibrosis starts to develop, which in turn leads to cirrhosis of the liver. The virus is transmitted sexually or through the blood. Sexually transmitted infection occurs when the damaged skin or mucous membranes come into contact with biological fluids infected with a human virus. Infection through the blood can occur when using common manicure instruments, razors, needles, syringes. If you decide to make a tattoo or manicure, you should be sure that the master thoroughly disinfects all the tools used. Possible infection with hepatitis B with blood transfusion. Household way of transmission of virus B (common dishes, towels, kisses) is less possible, but if there is an impurity of blood in the saliva of an infected person, then there is a risk of getting infected. Hepatitis C, or "affectionate killer", is the most insidious and serious type of viral hepatitis. As a rule, the process of the development of the disease occurs imperceptibly, and for many years a person may not even suspect that he is sick until the terrible virus manifests itself. The disease becomes apparent only at the time of liver cancer or cirrhosis. Infection occurs through the blood (approximately 2% of blood donors are carriers of the hepatitis C virus), with unprotected sex, using common syringes (a lot of patients with hepatitis among drug addicts). Infection can occur during a piercing session, a manicure or when visiting a dentist. In many cases, viral hepatitis is easier to prevent than treat. To prevent the disease, you must follow the rules of personal hygiene, avoid contact with the blood of an infected person, sexual intercourse with unverified partners should only occur with the use of a condom.