Long since many women thought it was betterhave straight hair than curly hair. After all, straight hair could be curled in any way. And even when in the fashion were exclusively curly hair and elastic curls, straight hair could be laid with the help of hair curlers or electric curling irons, the popular hair curl was also popular. But when straight, perfectly smooth hair came into fashion, it was harder to cope with the styling. Owners of straight hair had nothing to worry about, but the straightening of curly hair was a real torture. Nobody heard then about the hair iron, although this device for styling appeared long ago, but it was widely used only in the late 20th century. Today there are ironing with various nozzles, which give the strands of hair different effects - corrugation, waves, etc. By its application, ironing is divided into professional (which are called stylers) and household. Their differences - in power, longevity, temperature control, the number of different attachments. It would seem that there is nothing difficult in straightening hair with an iron, but styling done correctly does not hurt your hair, and for this you need to follow certain rules. With the help of ironing, laying can be performed not only on long hair, but also on short hair, as well as not only for straightening them, but even for imparting curls and curls!
A bit of history
In fact, the hair straightener waspatented in the very beginning of the 20th century - in 1906. He was an instrument with metal teeth that heated and combed his hair along the entire length of the type of comb. Later, hot combs appeared, in which not the teeth themselves were heated, but the whole base. However, such devices did little to rectify the elastic curls. The analogue of modern ironing was patented in 1909. It consisted of two metal plates, warming up, tightly pressing against each other and straightening the hair. You can imagine with horror how this device harmed the hair. Perhaps that is why, and because of the fact that for almost the whole century curls and curls were in vogue, this device has not gained popularity. By the end of the 20th century, when straight smooth hair began to go into fashion, straightening curls was carried out with a hair dryer and a brush, but this did not give the proper effect. The appearance of a hair iron made a real sensation, and was effective for straightening even the most stubborn curls. The iron was similar to tongs, with a metal coating, which held a lock of hair and carried it along its entire length. Straighten hair was no more harmful than to curl them with metal tongs or curling iron. Over time, the coating plates ironing changed, becoming more and more sparing. The most popular today is a ceramic coating that does not harm hair.
Choosing the right ironing
Iron on hairdressing slang is often calledstyler (this applies more to professional copies), forceps, curling iron, rectifier. To correctly choose the most suitable ironing for you, it is worth considering many factors and characteristics of the device. Application If you are a hairdresser, then you should choose a professional styler for hair styling. Such a device is characterized by the presence of a temperature regulator, interchangeable nozzles for any hair length, as well as for various effects, rapid heating, durability in use, but, of course, a high price. If you choose an iron for home use, the laying of which will be done daily, it will be most appropriate to choose a simpler household model. Such a device will heat up longer, do not have high temperatures, but it will less harm your hair with regular use, and will also be much cheaper. Temperature regulator Many household ironing models for hair styling, as well as professional models, are equipped with a temperature regulator. It is needed in order to properly lay the hair, without harming them, choose the right temperature depending on the type of styling, hair type, etc. The maximum heating will straighten the strand of hair in one movement, but also will greatly dry the hair. But heating at a minimum is much more gentle for the hair, but straightening will take more time. Shape and width Hair extensions can have a wide and narrow working surface. Wide faster and more exactly pulls a strand of hair, with her help, usually styling of long hair. But the narrow will allow you to properly lay bangs and fit for short hair, will pull the strand from the root itself. A narrow iron should straighten more thin strands, but the broader can be captured and more dense. The shape of the forceps can be slightly rounded, this will work well when styling with the curling of the tips of the hair inside or out is performed. Coverage This is the most important characteristic that you should pay attention to when selecting. If you need an iron only for straightening, then additional attachments and functions will not play such a paramount role as covering the ironing plates.
- Metal coating
Iron with metal coating, which waseven at the very first models, are distinguished by the lowest price. The metal heats up well, but it is uneven, and in places of overheating it can simply injure the hair. Although, if you plan to use the iron 3-4 times a month, then a similar device will be enough for you.
- Ceramic coating
The most common today. A simple ironing with ceramic plates will not cost much more than a metal one. Ceramic plates are heated much slower than metal, but more correctly and evenly. With their help you can lay your hair daily.
- Teflon coating
The characteristics of this coating are similarceramic, but it is much more careful about hair, almost does not harm them. Such an ironing pad will slide well over the hair, preventing sticking of laying agents on the surface. Ceramic coatings can be supplemented by various plates of other materials or by spraying on them. For example, thin marble plates over the ceramic coating do not allow overheating of the hair. Tourmaline spraying smooths the cuticle of hair, and the application of ionization restores and heals hair. Such ironing will be distinguished by a high price, but they are ideal for laying damaged hair, in order to avoid causing additional harm to them.
We lay hair ironing
Regardless of what kind of styling you want to do on your hair, straighten them or curl curls, it is worth sticking to a few general rules for any kind of styling:
- Pure hair
Use ironing only on clean hair. Styling products that remain on hair when heated can cause irreparable harm.
- Dry hair
The washed hair should be well dried with a hair dryer, until it dries completely.
- Thermal protection
On wet or dry hair, you should apply a special tool to further straighten and protect hair from high temperatures. Absolutely forbidden:
- pull wet or damp hair, as they can simply be burned;
- Use an iron without thermal protection;
- when the plates are heated to the utmost, the iron should be retained for a long time in one place;
- Use ironing if your hair is too weak, or abuse the daily use of ironing.
Straighten your hair. So, we have washed anddried hair, with a previously applied on them means for thermo-packing. You should divide the hair into several horizontal levels and top the hair on the vertex. Begin to straighten hair from the occipital region. We take not too wide locks of hair, we separate them with a flat comb, we carry out an iron from the root to the tip. Keep the ironing is not too fast and very carefully, so as not to pull out the hair. If the temperature of the iron is at a maximum, then it is sufficient to hold the strand only once, and if the temperature is lower, then it is necessary to conduct the ironing slowly and, possibly, several times for one strand. Before carrying out an ironing on the strand, you need to comb the comb. Move on both sides, from the back of the head to the face, gradually lowering the hair from the crown, separating the level by level. The upper strands of hair should be laid especially carefully, as they will give shine and effect to the entire hairstyle. In the last place we lay bangs. Usually iron plates have restraints, but you should be careful not to get burned. Curling the hair The iron can be performed not only straightening out but also styling the hair with curls and curls. In this case, the hair after ironing will be more natural and natural. Hair should also be washed and dried, apply a protective agent. We take a narrow strand of hair, also starting from the occipital part. Clamp it between the plates ironing and make one turn e around. After that, slowly and smoothly move the iron down, in the direction from the root to the ends of the hair. As a result, you should get a beautiful curl. We advise you to read: