Of course, all women want to have thick,beautiful and healthy hair. What they do not do for this only - buy all kinds of firming shampoos, use balsams, curl and even. Cosmetic manipulations have no limits! But a new season is coming, the fashion is changing, or just the thought in the head of a beauty - does it not change my image? Agree, acquiring a new thing, making another haircut and repainting the hair, the girl is transformed. There is a force, problems are forgotten, and a completely different person looks at you from the mirror: self-assured, charming and attracting male views. But is it so painless to change for a woman's head of hair? Today, manufacturers offer a huge selection of different products for coloring. These gentle hair dyes promise a persistent color, effectiveness, toning of gray hair and to top it off - no damage, health and beauty. We propose to understand whether such assurances are valid and truthful.
Coloring yesterday and today
Hair colors were also used by ourgreat-grandmother, only their composition was somewhat different. Some folk recipes are still in progress. So, we have reached henna and basma, which continue to be used by women of the older generation. And not so many years ago for changing the image used tincture of chamomile, buttercup, sophora, chicory seeds or rhubarb, as well as nutshells, beets and saffron. To date, hair colors are complex chemical compounds, in which manufacturers have recently added vegetable extracts. This is not done to improve the coloring effect, but for the therapeutic effect. You get a tool with the effect of "two in one" - with it you change color and make your hair healthier. However, the main drawback of colorants based on natural components is a narrow range of shades. A truly bright color can be obtained using only synthetic components that naturally affect the structure of the hairs. As for natural products, they color the hair only in copper-brown tones. The result may be unpredictable. Paints made on the basis of salts of various metals (for example, manganese, nickel, cobalt and iron) are similar to gouaches - they cover only the surface of the hair. With their help you can get a wide range of shades. Some modern products are oxidative dyes that not only cover the hair from the outside, but also penetrate into the interior, taking part in chemical reactions, after which you acquire the desired color. Staining is a multi-step process. At the initial stage, the dye molecules are so large that they can not enter the hairs. To do this, the latter is treated with an ammonia solution - then they swell and pass the necessary elements. As a result, the paint, forming a connection with keratin, gives the expected effect, which can not be eliminated by mechanical action, say, by washing, impossible. The very process of oxidation, which takes about twenty minutes, occurs when two components are combined in each paint. The dye, falling inside, gives the hairs a new color until their surface returns to their normal state. The fact is that during the staining they turn into a "herringbone" - the scales of the hair are opened, in order to skip the necessary molecules. After a while they close, "closing" the paint, which is why you can long enjoy the new shade. The components of the coloring product can be divided into three parts: a base, a stabilizer, and also a modifier. The last two elements do not participate in the process of toning, but they affect the intensity of the color and its conservation. If you use only the base, then the new shade will quickly fade (this effect is given by special dyeing shampoos and foams, which contain no stabilizers).
Gentle color: the pros and cons
Today, most paints are produced on the basis ofcream-emulsion, which provides not only convenience of use, but also high quality of coloring. In order not to spoil the hair and as long as possible to preserve their health and natural shine, experts recommend using bezammiachnye products. Such cosmetics, according to the stylists, are the most sparing. Careful coloring Women who prefer persistent paints, after a certain time, notice that the hair becomes dull, constantly break. The perpetrators of this are ammonia and hydrogen peroxide, which are part of the dyes. The first is a colorless gas that destroys the surface of hairs, thereby opening the way for paint and facilitating its penetration. Then the next element comes into play, which destroys the natural pigment, giving the opportunity to appear to a new shade. Because of this, the color lasts long enough, but the structure of the hair changes - they are overdried and weaken. In sparing cosmetics, ammonia is absent, and the percentage of hydrogen peroxide is significantly reduced. In this case, the paint envelops the natural pigment of hairs, but does not penetrate inside and does not injure them. Therefore, the procedure is painless and is considered gentle with respect to your hair. Fresh color plus restoration Gentle paints that do not contain ammonia have a double effect - they dye your hair and treat it. Often, these products include a complex of vitamins (group B) and useful extracts of plants, for example, birch or millet, walnut shells or grape seeds. These components protect the hair from the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays, do not overdry them, helping to keep moisture inside, and also normalize the processes of the sebaceous glands, saturate and strengthen the root bulbs, improve blood flow. Those who have a thin, dull, painful kind of head of hair, experts recommend using for painting non-free products that are beneficial. Thanks to the vitamins contained in them, the natural shade of hair will become more saturated, silkiness and radiance will appear. If you are in the soul of an experimenter and like to change your image, then the remedy without ammonia is what the doctor prescribed. This dye is washed off pretty quickly, so if the experiment failed and the new color turned out different than you expected, then within a month and a half from it there will be no trace. In addition, it is possible without harm to the hair to correct the color with another sparing paint. Another great plus is that, gradually washing off, cosmetics do not leave a noticeable border between the roots and the colored part of the curls. In this case, the dyeing element is absorbed into the hair with regular use, therefore in the future it is not necessary to apply the product for the entire length - it is possible to treat only certain areas on the head. Cons of bezammiachnogo product Such dyes are rather capricious. The professional's help can not be avoided, if it is necessary to radically change, brighten up the gray hair or lighten up. To use bezmiamic cosmetics at home, you need to have some knowledge about color and understand the nuances of the procedure. Otherwise, you can get absolutely the wrong result expected. In addition, a gray-haired lady is recommended to stop their choice on a stall, which includes a colorless gas and hydrogen peroxide. A more gentle product can not completely paint over gray areas. Exception - professional bezammiachnoe coloration with the use of special fixers. Another disadvantage of the remedy is a short effect. Its producers assure that the paint is not washed down to six weeks, but in practice this period is much less. Often, with every contact with water and shampoo, the color fades, leaving a rusty hue. Therefore, the coloring has to be repeated much earlier than the manufacturers promise. Also, it should be borne in mind that a dark burning brunette can not turn into a blonde in one procedure. Hair is lightened only by two or three tones, exceptions are only professional means. Bezammiachnye paints are several times more expensive than their less sparing analogues, it is natural that painting with such a tool in the salon will also result not in one kopeck. If you find a cheap version of this product, do not rush to buy it: for sure it is a fake.
Proper staining: a few tips
If you decide to conduct the procedure yourself,our tips will help you do it right. Firstly, before beginning the dyeing, do not wash your hair, otherwise the color will be delayed for a short time. However, it is better to refuse from the styling products (lacquer, gel or foam and others), otherwise an unexpected effect may appear as a result of the chemical reaction. Then put on gloves and with the help of a special brush evenly distribute the paint along the entire length, while the hair should be dry. At the end of half an hour, wash the head with shampoo and use a restoring conditioner and a fixing gel. If you repeat the procedure, that is, simply paint overgrown areas, then cover the roots with the product, then (wait fifteen minutes) - the rest of the hair. When choosing a paint, be sure to focus on its composition. If, instead of ammonia, the manufacturer indicates amines or sodium benzoate, the staining will not pass unnoticed. These chemical components eliminate the beneficial effects of vitamins and plant extracts in cosmetics. After staining, the main thing is to support and restore the hair. Even the most gentle means can not fully protect them. Particularly difficult to hear the head of the transition from dark to light. Hairdressers are advised to prepare for the procedure in advance (about a week). For this, daily apply to the hair nutritious and moisturizing balms. Favorably affect the means for styling, which include special "caring" components. To keep the effect much longer, use shampoos for colored hair. They not only protect against rapid flushing, but also contain solar filters that eliminate the negative effects of ultraviolet radiation. Today, a curative remedy such as whey with plant extracts has become popular. It is not superfluous to drink a course of vitamins. Manufacturers produce special drugs, whose action is aimed at strengthening hair. Do not forget about a healthy eight-hour sleep and proper nutrition. Use good massage combs, do not leave braided hair on all night, and then you can always be proud of your hair. We advise you to read: