One of the most common todayDay of diseases is gastritis. And equally often occurs both chronic and acute gastritis - both forms of the disease. Alas, but to date, gastritis occurs in about half of the world's population. And in order to cope with this scourge, you need to know exactly what to expect. Can gastritis be prevented? And what if the disease still could not be avoided? What are the types of gastritis? This is exactly what will be discussed below. What is gastritis? Doctors call this term a phenomenon in which the mucous membrane lining the stomach cavity is involved in the inflammatory process. This, strictly speaking, is gastritis. As already mentioned a little higher, gastritis can have two forms of flow - acute and chronic:
- Acute gastritis
In the event that the only cause of developmentgastritis was a short-term effect on the mucous membrane of the stomach of certain substances, doctors say about acute gastritis. Most often this is due to taking a large dose of alcohol, food poisoning, certain medications, acute food products, getting into the stomach of household chemicals. As a rule, in children, gastritis can develop if the baby decides to taste chemicals. In this case, only the mucous membrane of the stomach is affected. This gastritis can also cause a chronic form of the disease.
- Chronic gastritis
In the same case, if there is a chronicform of gastritis, it develops gradually - a very long time gastritis may not even tell us about yourself. And the pathological changes that entails gastritis, in this case, are much more serious and deeper. The mucous membrane of the stomach undergoes dystrophic changes, the secretion of gastric juice is disrupted - the level of digestive enzymes, as well as protective mucus, decreases. And, as a result, gastritis becomes the last link of the most real closed chain. Gastritis - deterioration of the stomach, secretion secretion, protective mucus - again gastritis, already as a consequence of these disorders.
Causes of gastritis
Like absolutely any other disease, gastritisnever arises just like that, from scratch. Necessarily, there is any valid reason provoking gastritis. And the sick person himself can not even guess about it, as, indeed, and that he has gastritis. Doctors distinguish two main groups of causes that provoke the development of chronic gastritis. And the first group is exogenous factors. These include:
- Dysfunction of diet
To great regret, in our time the rhythm of lifedictates its terms. But it also provokes a gastritis. Modern man does not always get to adhere to the normal diet. A plentiful supper, "snacks" during the day, fast food. It's familiar, is not it? And as a result - the stomach sooner or later begins to "rebel" against such injustice. And at best a person faces a notorious gastritis.
- Systematic use of certain products
In the event that you prefer healthy foodnot very useful, albeit delicious, food - for example, smoked sausages, spicy and spicy foods, alcoholic and carbonated drinks, coffee, the risk of personally knowing what gastritis is, increases at times. Therefore, still try to reduce the use of such products to a minimum, if you can not completely abandon them. Believe me, your stomach will necessarily say thank you, and gastritis will bypass you.
Strangely enough, but often the culprit of the fact thatdevelops gastritis, it becomes nothing more than a cigarette. A smoking person in the stomach regularly receives not only nicotine and tar, but also other products of combustion. And they all very much irritate the mucous membrane of the stomach, provoking gastritis. So in the event that you have this bad habit, remember this factor - gastritis can overtake you.
- The use of pharmacological drugs
There are a number of medications, long-termthe use of which can lead to the development of gastritis. To such medicines, for example, include potassium chloride, some sedatives. As a rule, doctors warn a sick person by prescribing certain medications. However, reinsure yourself and carefully read the annotation to the drug. Warn physicians that you have a chronic gastritis - the doctor will replace the drug. And in the event that an acute gastritis has already begun, the doctor must be informed first.
- Work with harmful substances
In some cases gastritis develops in thosepeople who work with harmful substances - dust, vapors of acids and alkalis. Although, for the sake of justice, it should be noted that this is extremely rare. But you can not lose sight of this factor, telling about gastritis. So, we sorted out the first group of risk factors. It's time to talk about the second group provoking gastritis - endogenous factors. To them doctors include:
- Nervous tension
Everyone knows the expression "All diseases from nerves". And there really is a share of truth in this. And and considerable. And gastritis was no exception to this rule. Very often gastritis develops in those people who are constantly in a state of nervous tension. And, which is very surprising, not always this stress is caused by negative emotions. Positive emotions are also quite a strong shock for the human body. Therefore, try to stay calm in any situation - you do not need gastritis. Especially since gastritis is not the most terrible price for spent nerve cells.
- Chronic diseases
And in almost all cases it is aboutchronic pathologies of the endocrine system. It is because of them and sometimes develops gastritis. In the event that you or your loved ones suffer from such diseases as, for example, hypothyroidism, diabetes, thyrotoxicosis, you should be especially attentive to the state of your stomach - gastritis does not sleep.
Avitaminosis is a very unpleasant phenomenon for the wholeorganism. Including for the stomach. Especially often gastritis develops in the case when the body has a pronounced lack of vitamin B 12 and iron. Gastritis is almost guaranteed. As a rule, most often when examining a patient with gastritis, doctors reveal the presence of both, and other factors. It is their combination that becomes a kind of trigger mechanism for the development of gastritis. Therefore, if you have at least one of the risk factors, you need to be especially careful about your health.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms of gastritis in all cases is enoughtypical and easily recognizable. However, remember that in the case of chronic gastritis, symptoms may not appear immediately - the asymptomatic period can last a very long time, sometimes up to a year. And often chronic gastritis doctors find out quite by accident, during a survey about any other diseases. And when the gastritis does not indicate anything at all. By the way, this gastritis is most insidious and dangerous for health. But in most cases, the symptoms of gastritis still occur. And in order to timely notice the problem and begin treatment, knowing the gastritis symptoms is still necessary. So, the signs of gastritis:
- Heartburn, eructation, regurgitation in children
- An unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth, most often sour.
- Disturbance of digestion - bloating, constipation or diarrhea.
Of course, it is not necessary that allthese symptoms were observed simultaneously. However, the presence of two or more similar symptoms is a cause for concern and, accordingly, to seek help from a doctor. Only he can reliably diagnose gastritis. And, of course, one of the main symptomatic gastritis is pain. As a rule, the pain is felt either in the epigastric region, or on the right, in the hypochondrium, but much less often. Most often, pain occurs during gastritis soon after eating. Although the time frame can be very different - from 10 minutes to half an hour. The painful sensations are dull, aching. However, in the case of acute gastritis, very intense pain, similar to that that occurs with peptic ulcer, is possible. This pain literally knocks a person out of the usual rut. In addition to pain in the epigastric region, sick people notice raspiranie, heaviness - in a word, considerable discomfort. In the event that you notice symptoms of gastritis, always consult a doctor.
Treatment of gastritis
Very often people make the same mistake -believe that gastritis is a non-serious disease. So, and to treat gastritis are not going to. However, this can not be done - otherwise the signs of gastritis will quickly flow into the symptoms of peptic ulcer. Agree, very unpleasant prospect, much worse than gastritis. To date, there are quite effective ways to treat gastritis - both chronic and acute. Of course, only a doctor should prescribe medicine for gastritis. But you can treat the disease with other methods. Of course, before consulting with your doctor and having received his consent. After all, a lot depends on what the causes of gastritis were.
No modern medicine canTo defeat this disease, if the necessary diet, shown at a gastritis of a stomach is not observed. And it is necessary to observe it not only when a sick person has an attack of gastritis, but constantly, making it a way of life. Only in this way gastritis can be defeated and prevent new relapses. And the prevention of gastritis without it is simply impossible. Dietotherapy consists of several basic principles:
- Chewing food
On such a trifle as chewing food, rarelywho draws at least some attention. And very vain - very often the disease is exactly why it occurs. In order to prevent disease and cure gastritis, it is necessary to thoroughly chew the food, since large pieces have a very strong irritant effect on the gastric mucosa. Each piece of food must be chewed at least 15 times.
- The correct diet
In the event that you are suffering from gastritis,treatment is impossible without adjusting the menu. First, it is necessary to exclude all fatty, spicy, salty and spicy dishes. Secondly - coffee, alcoholic and carbonated drinks. And, thirdly, it is worth paying attention to how your dishes are prepared - it is preferable to bake, stew or cook dishes.
- Temperature regime of food
Do not forget that extreme temperaturesalso have a very negative effect on the condition of the gastric mucosa. Therefore, do not eat too hot or too cold dishes - prefer room temperature. By the way, this measure is an excellent prophylaxis of gastritis.
- Fractional power
It is very important to distribute meals in such a wayso that the portions were small, but the interval between meals was not more than 3 hours. This measure will allow the stomach to work in a gentle mode, with the least load. And speaking about the effective treatment of gastritis, you should not lose sight of it.
Treatment of gastritis with traditional medicine
There are also very effective folkmethods of treatment of this disease. And many of these methods are really effective treatment of gastritis. And it does not matter what causes of gastritis were at the source. We will tell you about the best and safest methods:
Do you have gastritis? Aloe will become faithful allies, helping not only to eliminate signs, but also to cure this disease. The recipe is very simple - you only need aloe and honey. And it is desirable to take aloe leaves from a plant that is not less than five years old. Otherwise, aloe does not yet have all of its healing properties. Before applying the aloe, it is necessary to place it in the freezer for three days. After that, cover the aloe with boiling water, peel it and leave it in the freezer for another day. All, aloe is ready for use. In a water bath, melt 200 grams of any natural honey. While honey melts, aloe needs 5 aloe leaves to pass through a meat grinder. And you will need not only the pulp of aloe, but juice. Honey melted? Hence, it was time to mix it thoroughly with the juice and pulp of aloe. The resulting mass must be transferred to a glass container and take one teaspoon before eating. By the way, aloe will help both with an acute form of gastritis, and with chronic. Sometimes it is advised to replace the aloe Kalanchoe - however, this should not be done - the effect will be much weaker. Another great advantage of this method is safety. You can fully take this remedy and those medicines that you prescribed a doctor - there will be no harm.
- Treatment of gastritis with apples
Another answer to the question of how to curegastritis, become the most ordinary ... apples. As a rule, when people first hear about such a phenomenon, they are surprised and doubt whether it is possible to cure gastritis with apples. And those who have already tried this method on themselves, say that it is possible, and very successfully. And the treatment of gastritis with the help of apples is very simple - to win such an insidious disease, as gastritis, you need only one kilogram of apples. In order to not only eliminate the manifestations of the disease, but completely cure gastritis, you need to eat at least a kilogram of apples. And you can eat just like that, and you can make apple puree. However, in no case do not get rid of the peel - in the apple itself there are not as many useful substances as there are in the peel. And remember - the first two apples should be eaten on an empty stomach, and the last - just before bed. Be prepared for that. That the first two - three days the disease will increase. But very quickly gastritis will disappear without a trace. Of course, there are many other ways of how to treat gastritis. However, the most safe doctors consider these two, described above. All the rest can lead to a worsening of the course of the disease. And about individual intolerance of those or other components that are included in various recipes of traditional medicine, you can not forget. How many people - so many reactions of the body. Do not forget about caution - otherwise, you can join any other disease. Of course, gastritis is a very unpleasant phenomenon. However, do not despair - gastritis is easily treatable if it is started in a timely manner. And very soon there will be no trace of unpleasant sensations and ill health. We advise you to read: