Garnet, whose useful properties were noticed inancient times, cultivated several thousand years ago. The height of the tree is 10 m, the leaves are dark green, the flowers are bright red, the fruits are large to 0.40 kg. The fruit of pomegranate has a globular shape of yellow-red color, the skin is thick, leathery, astringent in taste. Inside from 6 to 12 nests, which are separated by a film partition, and in the nests is a lot of seeds. Seeds have an angular appearance and are surrounded by a juicy pulp, which is formed from the seed coat.
A bit of history
Homeland of such a wonderful fruit is considered Iran,Afghanistan, Azerbaijan and neighboring countries. For many centuries, many different varieties were bred. Historically, it has been shown that garnet has spread throughout all continents during the 16th-17th centuries. In Russia, this fruit can be found in the Caucasus and in the Crimea. The Greeks considered fruit a symbol of a happy marriage, and in Central Asia garnet is a symbol of good relations and friendship. The fruit got its name "Punica granatum" from ancient Romans and Greeks. In the former, it was called a Punic apple (since it came from the Punjians), the Greeks called it the "grenade", which is granular in translation.
The composition of a very tasty and useful fruit
The flesh of the fruit contains fructose, malic andcitric acid, is rich in micro-, macro- and ultramicroelements, vitamin C, provitamin A, pigments flavones and anthocyanins. Collected from the branches of the fruit can lie down to the spring, preserving all the useful properties. Pomegranate juice contains 8-10% sugar, and some varieties can boast organic acids (lemon, apple), nitrogenous substances, phytoncides, vitamin C, potassium, magnesium, calcium, sodium, phosphorus, manganese. Peels and roots contain alkaloids, the useful properties of which are a strong anthelminthic effect.
So what are the useful properties of garnet?
Juice even before our era used to removegastric pain. It is also used for colds, sore throats and lack of voice. Another useful property is the ability to increase the content of hemoglobin in the blood. The course of treatment 2 - 4 months. 100 - 200 ml of pomegranate juice is taken before meals 3 times a day. After that, the break is 1 month, and the treatment can be continued again. Thus it is necessary to adhere to a certain diet. Regular use of pomegranate reduces blood pressure, but do not forget that this fruit has an astringent effect and sometimes causes constipation. You can also increase the level of hemoglobin by drinking 3 times a day before eating 100 ml of a mixture of pomegranate, grapefruit, lemon, carrots, apples, honey and beets. Juice is also used for cosmetic purposes: it bleaches the face, removes pigment spots, blackheads and freckles. Very nutritious and useful mask of pomegranate juice and sour cream. It not only promotes whitening, but also nourishes the skin. One of the beneficial properties of this fruit is a restorative effect that affects the digestive system and the digestion of the food taken. In addition, it can be considered as a biogenic stimulant for the treatment of pancreatic diseases. Doctors recommend taking juice in disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, after surgery and transferred infectious diseases as a general restorative. Garnet nectar is made with syrups, refreshing drinks and extracts. For many centuries, mankind has known its useful properties. Hippocrates, Avicenna, Galen in their writings recommend the use of pomegranate juice for medicinal purposes: with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, throat, colds, fever, headaches and as an anthelmintic. The pomegranate rind contains tannic substances that are effective in the treatment of intestinal disorders and against tapeworms. And her broth will help to get rid of dandruff and improves hair growth. With increased nervousness, restless sleep and depression, it is recommended to add pre-dried skin to the tea. Women during the menopause can eat not only the flesh, but also the seeds of the fruit, as they contain fatty oils that normalize the hormonal processes in the body, exert analgesic effect, reduce pressure and relieve irritability. The bark, removed from the roots, has no odor, has an astringent taste, and when wetting the surface of the bark from inside with a solution of water and lime it is colored yellow (tannins). Contains such alkaloids as:
Medical preparations based on bark are usedas a tool that helps in the fight against ribbon worms. This is due to the action of pelletierin, isopelletierin and methyl isopelletierin, and pseudo-pletelierin does not have this effect. In the fruit skin contains up to 30% of tannins, which treat dysentery and intestinal disorders. Folk recipes recommend the use of pomegranate together with skin for bronchitis, inflammation of the colon, colds, malaria, etc. Although the best option is to take the decoction from the bark of the plant, but it should be done very carefully. It is required to observe a strict dosage: no more than 3 to 4 once a day, a teaspoonful, otherwise it can lead to internal bleeding, and alkaloids can cause complete blindness. As a fortifying agent, you can use a decoction of 5 g of peel and 100 ml of water. Take 0.5 - 1 tsp. 3 times a day. You can improve the taste by replacing water with syrup, adding a little dry wine. Syrup for excretion from the body of a tapeworm. 50 g of pomegranate seeds are soaked for 6 hours in 400 ml of water, after which the mixture is put on a plate and boiled until the solution is reduced by half. The broth is filtered through cheesecloth or fine sieve and gradually drunk within an hour, preferably in the morning on an empty stomach. After 2 - 3 hours, laxatives (castor oil or Glauber's salt) are taken.
A few more tasty and useful recipes
Pomegranate juice is made with a delicious sauceOurarabi, which is one of the best additions to Caucasian dishes. Freshly squeezed juice is poured into a container and boiled 3 times from the original volume. Then poured into glassware and cooled. This sauce will give the dish a unique piquancy. Pomegranate sauce with nuts. For 200 ml of pomegranate juice, 50 gr walnuts are taken, garlic cloves, a little fresh coriander and bitter chilli (to taste). The juice is diluted with drinking cold water (about 0.5 cup). Nuts, peppers, garlic and coriander are mixed and passed through a meat grinder. The resulting mixture is added to the juice and salted to taste. Uzbek salad with pomegranate and onion. 2 servings will require: 1 medium sized grenade, 4 onion heads, a little salt, fresh dill, parsley and coriander. Finely chopped onions are transferred to a clay bowl and twice filled with boiling water. After that, the onion is shifted into a sieve and slightly salted. Ripe pomegranate is cleaned. Some of the grains are turned into juice and placed in a refrigerator, and the other is mixed with onions in a ceramic bowl, where juice is then added. To decorate the salad sprinkle with chopped herbs. This salad is great for shish kebab or pilau. An unusual snack. It will take 8 eggplants, a small onion, 50 grams of walnuts, half a glass of pomegranate seeds, salt and pepper. With eggplant roasted in the oven peel and grind, add pepper, salt, chopped onion, walnuts (pounded) and pomegranate seeds. All this is thoroughly mixed. Very tasty and useful salad is ready. Serve it better in a cooled form.