And you know that not only people, animals are illand plants? Alas, but the house in which we live, too, can get sick. The most common ailment of our home is fungal mold. And the most vulnerable place for her in the house is the bathroom. This, in general, is not surprising. Bathroom - the most humid room, and excessive moisture and poor airing are the best suited for the comfortable existence of mold fungus. Fungus in the bathroom can poison our existence not only in a figurative, but also in the literal sense, because it is harmful not only to the walls, but also to those who live in these walls. Mold (like all fungi) secretes spores into the surrounding space, which the person inhales with the air. Once a human body is found, spores can provoke coughing, runny nose, nausea, head and rheumatic pains, allergic skin diseases and even asthma. Therefore, if you find a fungus in your bathroom, take immediate action to eliminate it.
Causes and Symptoms
Mold (mold fungus) grows on a poroussurface of concrete, paint, stone and plastic. Canned spores mold fungus in huge quantities are constantly present in the air. Getting on the wet surface, they sprout inward with the finest threads and begin to multiply actively. Ideal conditions for the appearance of mold - temperature above 20 degrees and humidity above 90%. Especially often mold affects the walls in the bathroom with poor waterproofing and insufficient ventilation. External manifestation of the mold - black (gray, brown) spots and points on the walls, ceiling, in the seams between the tiles. Mold is not only an untidy appearance of the room and a musty smell. Fungus destroys construction and finishing materials (almost to the ground), causes the appearance of cracks in the concrete walls, flaking of the plaster and paint and inevitably leads to the need for repair.
Methods of treatment
To get rid of mold in the bathroom, you need to destroy the fungus itself and create conditions that are impossible for its existence. Therefore, the fight against the fungus should take place in several stages.
First of all, set the source of the fungus. Yes Yes. The fungus itself (mycelium) can be in a certain secluded place - under the bathroom, on the walls behind the tile, in seams and joints, under the plaster. And what we see on the walls is the body, the visible part of the fungus. Remove the focus by a simple mechanical method - scraping and stripping. If the source of mold is difficult to find, then you just need to clean all the affected areas of the bathroom. Tapping on the walls you need to identify all the voids, open them and clean them to the ground. Affected by a mold grout between tiles is also worth completely remove, and if the tile leaves the wall, then remove the tiles themselves. After that all the cleaned places need to "burn" with the help of building hairdryers or powerful heaters. Boiling water does not help here! Heat must be dry! The walls are treated with antiseptic and waterproofing agents. And once again warm the whole bathroom.
Medicines for their use
The first signs of the appearance of mold andsmall lesions can be removed by means of available means, which are available in the arsenal of each hostess. It is hydrogen peroxide, acetic essence and chlorine bleach. Treat them all the affected areas, after cleaning the mold stains. In addition to these "medicines", you can also use other well-known and well-proven means - copper sulfate, industrial alcohol, strong chlorine solution. But you will agree that special drugs are more accessible today and, probably, more effective. Such funds are more than enough in any hardware stores (by the way, they are made on the basis of vitriol, chlorine and alcohol). Consult with specialists and purchase such a means to destroy the fungus. When buying, pay attention to the composition: effective products should contain antifungal and antibacterial components. In addition, it is not superfluous to find out how these tools interact with the finishing materials: tiles, varnish, paint, primer, enamel. When starting treatment, be sure to protect hands and respiratory tract by wearing rubber gloves and a respirator. So you protect yourself not only from the harmful effects of chemicals, but also against the fungus itself. However, all of the above can only have a temporary effect, if you do not take preventive measures to the appearance of the fungus.
Prevention of disease
To prevent this ailment in your bathroom you need:
- Maintain humidity not higher than 60%. To do this, eliminate all leaks and periodically dry (warm up) the room.
- Take care of good ventilation. To do this, follow the draft in the vent or put a fan (air conditioner), and also often ventilate the bathroom, leaving the door (window) open.
- During repair, use waterproofing coatings and waterproof (water repellent) materials.
- At the first signs of the appearance of the fungus, immediately take emergency measures: clean, dry, treat!
Observance of these rules will help to avoid suchas an appearance of mold. A basic knowledge of methods of prevention and control will help to find an answer to the question of how to get rid of the fungus in the bathroom. Still, let the mushrooms in your house be only in the form of mushroom dishes and marinades, and mold appears in it exclusively along with expensive varieties of "cheese with mildew". And nothing else!