Certainly, walking in the spring in the park, you turnedattention to flowerbeds with flowers, like from afar to small fluffy clouds: white, pink, lilac, blue. These are hyacinths that have come to Russia from Europe and are loved by gardeners for the variety of colors, the splendor of the inflorescences and the pleasant aroma. However, you can admire these wonderful flowers not only in the park, but also at home, in the conditions of an ordinary apartment - the outbreak of hyacinths is not as complicated as it seems at first glance. Moreover, hyacinths, grown "on the windowsill", can boast larger inflorescences than their counterparts from the garden bed.
How to grow hyacinths at home?
So, you decided to grow yourself(drive out) hyacinths at home. Where to begin? First of all, decide on the date you would like to coincide with the appearance of flowers. This will determine the timing of the beginning of distillation of hyacinths. For example, to envy neighbors to admire blooming hyacinths as early as the New Year, you will have to plant bulbs at the end of September. Usually the time of forcing takes from ten to fourteen weeks.
Which varieties are best for you?
There are many varieties of hyacinths,differing in terms of flowering. To early varieties are, for example, Blue Magic, Pink Pearl and Anna Marie. Grades of the average flowering period are Gipsy Queen, Blue Sky, Lady Derby and White Pearl. Later flowering is typical for hyacinth varieties Anna Lisa and City of Haarlem. The beautiful flowers and names are caressed by the rumor, are not they? It is important not to make a mistake with choosing a variety for distilling hyacinths at home: early varieties bloom already at the end of December, later - in January-February, and the latest - in March-April. It is equally important to properly prepare for the forcing of flowers. Choose only healthy bulbs, they should be large (about 5 cm in diameter) and tight, without external damage. Small bulbs give small flowers. With the forcing out of hyacinths, it is very important to create conditions similar to natural ones. Prepare a soil mixture (sand-peat or sand-compost), drainage (eg, fine expanded clay or sand) and containers with drainage holes (wide pans or boxes). The secrets of distilling hyacinths Professionals adviseplant the bulbs so that the distance between them is about 2-2.5 cm. It is desirable that they do not touch each other, as well as the walls of a box or a bowl. About a third of the bulb should rise above the soil layer. After you plant all the bulbs, you need to crush the ground around each of them and water them. It is recommended to water not just water, but a solution of calcium nitrate (0.2%). Then the peduncles will be stronger. It happens that some hyacinths rot during rotting. To avoid this, sprinkle the soil in a container with bulbs with an extra thin layer of sand. Now put the boxes in a cool place (for example, a refrigerator, a cellar or a garage) and close them from the light with a black plastic bag. This time is an imitation of the autumn rest period of hyacinths. Do not forget to regularly check the moisture of the soil, it is very important not to let it dry out. If the air humidity reaches about 90%, then with the early forcing of hyacinths, additional watering will not be necessary, with an average forcing of the bulb it will be possible to water only once, and late forcing will require two additional watering. Within 6-10 weeks the bulbs should give the first green shoots. When shoots grow 2-3 cm, for them comes "spring". Move containers with bulbs in a warmer shaded place with a temperature of 10-12 degrees (thermal regime of the glazed balcony or loggia). In a few days, hyacinths can be brought closer to the light. After this, as a rule, the active growth of hyacinths begins, and in a couple of weeks buds appear. You can move them to a well-lit place, but so that they do not get direct sunlight, otherwise all your troubles will go to nothing. Maintain a constant soil moisture in the bowl or box, pour water into the pan to avoid falling on the buds or sinuses of the leaves. With the forcing out of hyacinths on the windowsill, they are usually fed with liquid fertilizer. Regularly rotate the containers with flowers, so that the hyacinths grow evenly. The air temperature should be quite cool - 15-20 degrees. It may be tempting to accelerate the process of forcing out hyacinths, unable to withstand the necessary period of cooling and rest and placing the containers with bulbs in a warm room or too bright light ahead of time. Of course, in this case, hyacinths will bloom more quickly, but the peduncles will be shorter, and the flowers can begin to blossom without leaving even the rosette of leaves. And if you did everything right, one day you will see fluffy hyacinth brushes on your window. Outside the window will be thrown prickly January snow, and you have on the windowsill will give warmth and spring mood a small flower bed with wonderful bright colors. Alternative way to distill hyacinths Alsoyou can put bulbs of hyacinths in a high vessel with water. It must necessarily have a wide neck. It is desirable that the bulb does not touch the water - the distance between the tip of the bulb and the surface of the water should be at least 1-2 cm. Then you act in the same way as when forcing out hyacinths from the soil. The vessel with the bulb is hidden from the light and placed in the cold. From time to time, as the water evaporates, liquid fertilizer should be poured. When the cooling period is over, the bulbs are transferred to a warmer place, but are still kept in the dark. It is possible, for example, to close the vessels with a hood made of opaque material and do not remove it until the sprouts are stretched out, at least 10 cm. Are repeated distillations of the hyacinth possible? Under natural conditions, such a process as the forcing out of hyacinths does not exist. It, by and large, is the whim of amateur gardeners, a special set of measures aimed at accelerating the growth of plants. Unfortunately, hyacinth in forcing (or rather, its bulb) is depleted, it just does not have the strength to re-flowering. Therefore, it is recommended to plant the faded bulbs in the open ground to allow them to recover within about 2 years. After the flowers are faded, cut them and continue to water and feed hyacinths. Wait for the leaves to wither, then dig out the bulbs from the box, dry them, remove the dead leaves and place them in a dry place. And in the spring, plant the bulbs in the yard on the flowerbed