Surely a few can boast that togetherwith consumed food, except for proteins, carbohydrates and fats, they receive a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals. Their deficiency often becomes the cause of malaise, illness, nervousness, increased fatigue. Therefore, the supply of substances useful for the body must be constantly replenished. Especially on health you need to think about when planning pregnancy, because there are some vitamins, without which it is impossible to fully develop the fetus in the mother's abdomen. These include folic acid, or vitamin B9. And it will be better if folic acid in the planning of pregnancy is contained in the body in the right amount.
When do I start taking folic acid?
As a rule, doctors prescribe vitamin B9, whena woman is determined by pregnancy. However, after 2-3 weeks, after the spermatozoon fertilizes the egg and the embryo is formed, the formation of all the internal organs of the child begins, first of all, of the heart. If the body of a future mother lacks folic acid, this can lead to various complications during pregnancy and the occurrence of congenital malformations in the baby. A sufficient amount of this element reduces the risk of congenital diseases. This is the primary reason to start taking folic acid while planning pregnancy. In addition, during pregnancy, the number of functions performed by vitamin B9 increases. This element participates in the following processes:
- DNA synthesis
- placenta formation
- fetal neural tube formation, blood cells
- strengthening of immunity
Low concentration of folic acid during pregnancy can lead to serious consequences. A woman with a strong deficiency of this vitamin can have the following symptoms:
- pallor of the skin
- loss of appetite
- severe hair loss
- weak immunity.
In time to fill the acid content extremelyit is necessary, since not only the pregnant woman suffers, but also the child. Deficiency of folic acid can cause placental abruption, miscarriage or a stiff pregnancy. With regard to the health of the baby, it can be a malfunction of the nervous system and brain, spine disease. Folic acid plays an important role not only for a woman who is preparing to become a mother, but also for the future of the pope. It increases the motor activity of male germ cells, respectively, the chances of fertilization of the egg increase. Pass the necessary tests, go to the doctor for 3 months before the planned conception. Low levels of vitamin B9 in the body can trigger the intake of hormonal drugs, stomach and intestinal diseases, and the abuse of alcoholic beverages. Thus, the planning of pregnancy is in the meantime, when it is necessary to start taking folic acid. But a doctor's advice is obligatory in any case.
Daily norm and products
When planning your diet,that there is a norm of vitamin B9, in which the body of a pregnant woman needs every day. According to various data, it is 400-600 μg. During the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy, a gynecologist often prescribes a whole vitamin complex, which already contains a daily norm of folic acid. And at the planning stage, you should adhere to a special diet, eating foods high in this vitamin. Eat vegetables and green leafy cultures in fresh form, as during the heat treatment acid molecules are destroyed and the usefulness of the products is lost. Of fruits with folic acid are rich in apricots, avocado, melon, citrus. In addition, during pregnancy, include in your diet the foods listed in the table. Foods rich in folic acid Vitamin B content (in mg per 100 g of product) Beef liver 240 Pork liver 225 Soybean 200 Cod liver 110 Parsley 110 Beans 90 Spinach 80 Lettuce lettuce 48 Rye bread 40 Bean bean 36 Buckwheat 32 Dill 27 Celery 21 Pea 16 Green onions 14 There is an opinion that the lack of vitamins is better than their excess. Indeed, if you exceed the recommended dose of vitamin B9, then the accumulation of folacin crystals occurs. Intoxication of the body can lead to side effects:
- sleep disturbance
You can balance nutrition yourself, but only a doctor can prescribe medicines. Self-medication is unacceptable!
Contraindications to taking folic acid
Speaking about the need for vitamin B9 for the bodybefore and during this period, we can not help saying that there are diseases in which the intake of folic acid is prohibited. Such contraindications include:
- allergic reactions
- bronchial asthma
- oncological diseases
- renal insufficiency
- Vitamin B12 deficiency.
If you consciously came to the conclusion that you wanthave children, be twice as attentive to your health. Treatment with any medications should be prescribed by a doctor according to the results of laboratory tests. The specialist will determine if only a diet is enough or you need to take folic acid in the form of medications.